Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 6.33
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 8.92 8.72 6.31 0.166 0.0199 0.515 1.33 0.435 0.593 0.445 0.963 0.674 0.624
CanESM5 [-] 8.12 7.49 6.33 0.141 0.303 0.851 0.443 0.617 0.651 0.972 0.636 0.706
CESM2 [-] 9.68 9.49 6.32 0.159 0.0138 0.667 1.36 0.304 0.545 0.533 0.979 0.555 0.629
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 6.32 6.17 6.32 0.103 0.0173 0.0207 0.656 0.207 0.720 0.674 0.988 0.881 0.787
MeanCMIP6 [-] 8.30 8.46 6.33 0.145 0.484 0.759 0.0801 0.674 0.667 0.996 0.920 0.785
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 10.2 9.41 6.33 0.203 0.000499 0.660 1.29 0.765 0.502 0.568 0.928 0.395 0.592
NorESM2-LM [-] 8.91 8.51 6.33 0.129 0.549 1.24 0.300 0.577 0.544 0.981 0.579 0.645
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 11.1 10.6 6.32 0.227 0.0162 0.962 1.30 0.311 0.538 0.583 0.981 0.705 0.678
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 95.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 112. 106. 95.1 5.73 0.537 0.355 1.29 0.992 0.393 0.455 0.821 0.892 0.603
CanESM5 [-] 142. 129. 95.7 10.2 1.17 1.60 1.09 0.257 0.520 0.810 0.798 0.581
CESM2 [-] 105. 99.4 95.2 5.43 0.505 0.253 1.27 1.07 0.393 0.449 0.830 0.915 0.607
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 110. 104. 95.1 5.02 0.575 0.400 1.04 1.11 0.401 0.546 0.772 0.909 0.635
MeanCMIP6 [-] 114. 108. 95.7 6.00 0.490 0.908 0.781 0.447 0.582 0.849 0.951 0.682
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 110. 98.3 95.6 9.31 0.0967 0.264 1.38 1.70 0.346 0.451 0.716 0.889 0.570
NorESM2-LM [-] 102. 93.8 95.7 7.34 0.233 1.27 1.14 0.376 0.445 0.819 0.906 0.598
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 124. 117. 95.0 6.94 0.646 0.751 1.75 1.06 0.264 0.344 0.809 0.750 0.502
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 7.77
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 6.04 6.02 7.73 0.231 0.0330 -0.236 0.750 1.18 0.376 0.483 0.870 0.823 0.607
CanESM5 [-] 13.4 11.8 7.77 0.660 0.739 1.13 1.19 0.293 0.468 0.829 0.411 0.494
CESM2 [-] 6.86 6.46 7.73 0.218 0.0353 -0.156 0.698 1.44 0.430 0.465 0.819 0.844 0.605
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 10.9 9.25 7.74 0.136 0.0214 0.262 1.04 1.53 0.285 0.478 0.815 0.443 0.500
MeanCMIP6 [-] 7.11 6.82 7.77 0.236 -0.0935 0.586 1.01 0.456 0.595 0.882 0.812 0.668
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.53 4.25 7.76 0.186 0.00350 -0.496 1.19 2.49 0.172 0.437 0.624 0.405 0.415
NorESM2-LM [-] 7.35 6.59 7.77 0.231 -0.122 0.805 1.53 0.346 0.452 0.814 0.716 0.556
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.72 3.62 7.74 0.132 0.0238 -0.579 1.07 1.49 0.218 0.462 0.782 0.421 0.469
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.57
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.36 2.20 1.57 0.142 0.000876 0.287 0.690 0.936 0.378 0.333 0.865 0.355 0.453
CanESM5 [-] 1.89 2.03 1.57 0.107 0.343 0.787 1.10 0.305 0.345 0.827 0.167 0.398
CESM2 [-] 2.09 1.74 1.57 0.219 0.00120 0.0916 0.691 1.13 0.326 0.337 0.871 0.426 0.459
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.65 1.51 1.56 0.0305 0.00432 0.00539 0.672 0.798 0.276 0.379 0.912 0.371 0.464
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.05 1.72 1.57 0.170 0.104 0.489 0.837 0.404 0.480 0.908 0.528 0.560
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.10 0.888 1.57 0.163 -0.223 0.830 3.50 0.179 0.354 0.425 0.235 0.309
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.05 1.54 1.57 0.250 0.0261 0.729 1.24 0.292 0.348 0.861 0.356 0.441
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.50 1.48 1.57 0.204 0.00128 0.00898 0.776 1.04 0.275 0.403 0.863 0.158 0.420
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.507
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.922 0.849 0.505 0.0533 0.00152 2.08 2.99 1.14 0.214 0.284 0.782 0.466 0.406
CanESM5 [-] 0.579 0.537 0.507 0.0271 1.21 1.68 1.28 0.290 0.465 0.777 0.710 0.541
CESM2 [-] 0.711 0.611 0.491 0.0301 0.0163 1.22 1.65 1.15 0.286 0.513 0.869 0.739 0.584
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.530 0.370 0.490 0.0252 0.0170 -0.0358 0.984 1.45 0.386 0.522 0.691 0.891 0.602
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.755 0.591 0.507 0.0342 1.10 1.37 0.658 0.355 0.567 0.871 0.826 0.637
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.531 0.431 0.507 0.0619 0.000116 0.101 1.44 1.67 0.326 0.466 0.720 0.830 0.562
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.06 0.560 0.507 0.0419 1.12 1.59 1.20 0.309 0.475 0.855 0.773 0.577
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.810 0.815 0.489 0.0346 0.0181 2.78 3.01 0.724 0.133 0.344 0.887 0.729 0.487
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 12.2
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 15.7 15.4 12.0 0.680 0.134 0.781 1.46 0.539 0.580 0.582 0.941 0.745 0.686
CanESM5 [-] 18.0 16.9 12.2 0.856 1.32 1.71 0.608 0.433 0.623 0.945 0.747 0.674
CESM2 [-] 13.4 12.7 12.1 0.500 0.0779 0.308 1.19 0.565 0.612 0.618 0.949 0.883 0.736
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 11.9 11.6 12.0 0.360 0.148 0.150 0.824 0.491 0.689 0.698 0.952 0.927 0.793
MeanCMIP6 [-] 15.0 14.4 12.2 0.538 0.683 0.968 0.367 0.630 0.736 0.967 0.961 0.806
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 15.8 14.8 12.2 0.811 0.0104 0.718 1.64 0.681 0.483 0.573 0.927 0.635 0.638
NorESM2-LM [-] 12.1 12.4 12.2 0.518 0.404 1.26 0.571 0.598 0.606 0.944 0.873 0.725
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 16.9 16.9 12.0 0.659 0.177 1.26 1.67 0.588 0.474 0.589 0.946 0.615 0.643
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 8.93
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 11.4 10.6 8.82 0.553 0.109 1.60 2.86 2.32 0.119 0.181 0.646 0.465 0.319
CanESM5 [-] 10.9 10.3 8.93 0.507 2.53 3.04 2.61 0.0559 0.346 0.597 0.766 0.422
CESM2 [-] 10.2 9.59 8.75 0.400 0.180 1.22 1.58 2.42 0.159 0.296 0.639 0.961 0.470
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 9.36 9.61 8.78 0.292 0.151 1.37 1.92 2.84 0.108 0.441 0.532 0.803 0.465
MeanCMIP6 [-] 9.90 9.79 8.93 0.364 1.42 1.75 2.26 0.138 0.368 0.654 0.985 0.502
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 6.75 6.23 8.93 0.447 0.00102 -0.851 1.40 2.90 0.152 0.345 0.534 0.969 0.469
NorESM2-LM [-] 9.96 8.83 8.93 0.455 1.06 1.55 2.57 0.156 0.273 0.597 0.978 0.455
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 12.9 12.6 8.77 0.488 0.159 3.60 4.12 2.38 0.0258 0.115 0.617 0.912 0.357
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 48.1
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 48.7 46.3 47.8 1.71 0.319 0.0548 1.56 1.52 0.351 0.485 0.769 0.815 0.581
CanESM5 [-] 66.4 63.2 48.1 2.69 1.99 2.50 1.48 0.158 0.529 0.769 0.941 0.585
CESM2 [-] 45.6 44.1 47.6 1.67 0.477 0.0220 1.70 1.48 0.337 0.433 0.793 0.782 0.556
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 55.2 53.3 47.7 1.66 0.403 0.825 1.50 1.90 0.329 0.525 0.692 0.918 0.598
MeanCMIP6 [-] 52.9 51.0 48.1 1.71 0.642 1.19 1.29 0.406 0.575 0.804 0.978 0.667
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 49.3 46.3 48.0 2.22 0.112 0.247 1.69 2.04 0.347 0.426 0.659 0.916 0.555
NorESM2-LM [-] 44.8 42.6 48.1 1.96 0.0986 1.77 1.57 0.316 0.429 0.783 0.779 0.547
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 60.4 56.6 47.7 1.99 0.416 1.19 2.87 1.56 0.169 0.234 0.760 0.646 0.408
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 2.76
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 3.22 3.19 2.75 0.0528 0.00406 0.111 0.693 0.378 0.674 0.427 0.973 0.744 0.649
CanESM5 [-] 2.53 2.54 2.76 0.0391 -0.0337 0.435 0.645 0.708 0.574 0.966 0.890 0.742
CESM2 [-] 4.57 4.55 2.75 0.0399 0.00256 0.424 1.26 0.753 0.370 0.320 0.933 0.343 0.457
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.83 2.76 2.75 0.0799 0.00944 0.0259 0.458 0.140 0.689 0.575 0.995 0.938 0.755
MeanCMIP6 [-] 3.38 3.44 2.76 0.0612 0.175 0.504 0.0518 0.688 0.553 0.998 0.856 0.730
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.19 4.18 2.76 0.0721 0.000111 0.338 0.622 0.618 0.521 0.558 0.948 0.619 0.641
NorESM2-LM [-] 3.03 3.17 2.76 0.0368 0.124 0.969 0.919 0.469 0.387 0.931 0.465 0.528
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.62 3.50 2.75 0.0853 0.00574 0.204 0.617 0.544 0.679 0.494 0.958 0.763 0.678
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 8.18
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 13.7 13.0 8.06 0.259 0.114 0.893 1.41 0.703 0.418 0.409 0.919 0.782 0.587
CanESM5 [-] 14.7 14.3 8.18 0.412 1.34 1.66 1.09 0.302 0.461 0.883 0.584 0.538
CESM2 [-] 10.6 10.3 8.13 0.238 0.0446 0.433 1.17 0.780 0.514 0.440 0.919 0.838 0.630
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 10.4 9.93 8.10 0.158 0.0726 0.407 0.953 0.719 0.498 0.541 0.924 0.866 0.674
MeanCMIP6 [-] 12.1 11.7 8.18 0.245 0.724 1.01 0.576 0.481 0.573 0.942 0.886 0.691
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 12.2 12.1 8.16 0.615 0.0160 0.861 1.57 1.53 0.362 0.438 0.831 0.496 0.513
NorESM2-LM [-] 10.7 9.70 8.18 0.265 0.385 1.21 0.794 0.486 0.434 0.914 0.805 0.615
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 11.7 10.8 8.09 0.260 0.0860 0.593 1.24 0.700 0.458 0.511 0.926 0.588 0.599

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
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MODEL COLORS
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Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
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ANNUAL CYCLE
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MONTHLY ANOMALY
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ANNUAL CYCLE
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All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
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CanESM5
Data not available
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CESM2
Data not available
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IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
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MeanCMIP6
Data not available
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MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
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NorESM2-LM
Data not available
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UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
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Data Information

  Title:
FLUXCOM (RS+METEO) Global Land Carbon Fluxes using CRUNCEP climate data

  Version:
1

  Institutions:
Department Biogeochemical Integration, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany

  Source:
Data generated by Artificial Neural Networks and forced with CRUNCEPv6 meteorological data and MODIS (RS+METEO)

  History:
2020-08-25: downloaded source from ftp://ftp.bgc-jena.mpg.de/pub/outgoing/FluxCom/CarbonFluxes_v1_2017/RS+METEO/CRUNCEPv6/raw/monthly/
2020-08-25: converted to netCDF, additionally we apply a mask where |var|<1e-15 for all time.

  References:
Jung, M., M. Reichstein, C.R. Schwalm, C. Huntingford, S. Sitch, A. Ahlstrom, A. Arneth, G. Camps-Valls, P. Ciais, P. Friedlingstein, F. Gans, K. Ichii, A.K. Jain, E. Kato, D. Papale, B. Poulter, B. Raduly, C. Rodenbeck, G. Tramontana, N. Viovy, Y.P. Wang, U. Weber, S. Zaehle and N. Zeng (2017), Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature, Nature, 541, 516-520, doi:10.1038/nature20780

Tramontana, G., M. Jung, C.R. Schwalm, K. Ichii, G. Camps-Valls, B. Raduly, M. Reichstein, M.A. Arain, A. Cescatti, G. Kiely, L. Merbold, P. Serrano-Ortiz, S. Sickert, S. Wolf, and D. Papale (2016), Predicting carbon dioxide and energy fluxes across global FLUXNET sites with regression algorithms, Biogeosciences, 13, 4291-4313, doi:10.5194/bg-13-4291-2016

  Comments:
time_period: 1980-01 through 2013-12
temporal_resolution: monthly
spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
units: g m-2 day-1

  Convention:
CF-1.8