Mean State

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Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 6.55
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 8.65 8.46 6.53 0.162 0.0178 0.417 1.13 0.432 0.738 0.661 0.961 0.895 0.783
CanESM5 [-] 8.28 7.64 6.55 0.143 0.291 1.33 0.785 0.747 0.578 0.942 0.867 0.742
CESM2 [-] 10.0 9.85 6.54 0.162 0.0137 0.694 1.52 0.464 0.682 0.628 0.967 0.787 0.739
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 6.81 6.64 6.54 0.109 0.0158 0.0748 1.04 0.279 0.779 0.653 0.981 0.955 0.804
MeanCMIP6 [-] 8.60 8.78 6.55 0.144 0.507 0.932 0.150 0.785 0.721 0.990 0.969 0.837
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 10.7 9.89 6.55 0.213 0.000294 0.715 1.78 1.13 0.635 0.531 0.911 0.616 0.645
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 8.55 8.31 6.41 0.110 0.142 0.397 1.02 0.230 0.786 0.692 0.986 0.950 0.821
NorESM2-LM [-] 9.22 8.81 6.55 0.132 0.569 1.39 0.403 0.711 0.639 0.974 0.806 0.754
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 11.4 10.9 6.54 0.233 0.0146 0.983 1.65 0.283 0.669 0.592 0.981 0.907 0.748
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Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 114.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 115. 109. 113. 5.96 0.671 0.0160 1.53 1.12 0.479 0.443 0.819 0.942 0.625
CanESM5 [-] 142. 130. 114. 10.2 0.765 1.88 1.59 0.443 0.417 0.713 0.947 0.587
CESM2 [-] 111. 105. 113. 5.64 0.643 -0.0273 1.63 1.33 0.460 0.463 0.772 0.934 0.618
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 117. 111. 113. 5.35 0.709 0.151 1.40 1.15 0.547 0.477 0.788 0.961 0.650
MeanCMIP6 [-] 119. 113. 114. 6.00 0.202 1.18 0.905 0.569 0.528 0.838 0.960 0.685
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 117. 105. 114. 10.0 0.119 0.0152 1.96 1.99 0.409 0.377 0.631 0.921 0.543
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 135. 131. 108. 3.46 5.80 0.568 1.88 1.20 0.441 0.395 0.760 0.941 0.586
NorESM2-LM [-] 108. 98.8 114. 7.66 -0.0537 1.63 1.32 0.446 0.469 0.787 0.939 0.622
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 128. 120. 113. 7.16 0.825 0.422 1.79 1.16 0.433 0.417 0.790 0.922 0.596
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 5.74
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 6.17 6.16 5.71 0.239 0.0325 0.0914 1.02 1.81 0.547 0.473 0.791 0.847 0.626
CanESM5 [-] 13.6 11.9 5.74 0.664 1.06 1.51 1.78 0.423 0.424 0.743 0.653 0.533
CESM2 [-] 7.22 6.79 5.71 0.229 0.0359 0.201 0.958 1.60 0.580 0.481 0.800 0.884 0.645
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 11.4 9.68 5.72 0.145 0.0180 0.634 1.31 1.75 0.438 0.462 0.827 0.662 0.570
MeanCMIP6 [-] 7.15 6.86 5.74 0.230 0.216 0.833 1.36 0.582 0.550 0.855 0.908 0.689
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.67 4.40 5.74 0.191 0.00181 -0.168 1.14 2.59 0.388 0.434 0.589 0.621 0.493
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 5.76 5.64 5.54 0.136 0.199 0.0234 1.01 1.69 0.532 0.433 0.771 0.859 0.606
NorESM2-LM [-] 7.66 6.86 5.74 0.244 0.223 1.03 1.61 0.509 0.498 0.824 0.849 0.636
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.79 3.69 5.72 0.135 0.0205 -0.263 1.08 1.79 0.408 0.464 0.740 0.612 0.538
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.28
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.33 2.17 1.27 0.133 0.000295 0.396 0.897 1.22 0.551 0.453 0.865 0.580 0.580
CanESM5 [-] 1.90 2.04 1.28 0.107 0.465 1.12 1.79 0.486 0.312 0.682 0.371 0.433
CESM2 [-] 2.18 1.82 1.27 0.223 0.000726 0.247 0.926 1.10 0.511 0.431 0.895 0.669 0.587
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.76 1.61 1.27 0.0313 0.00219 0.168 0.958 1.24 0.441 0.383 0.874 0.606 0.537
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.09 1.77 1.28 0.164 0.244 0.709 0.938 0.568 0.549 0.917 0.780 0.672
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.10 0.908 1.28 0.167 -0.0932 1.01 3.25 0.363 0.371 0.473 0.446 0.405
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 2.26 2.21 1.24 0.0903 0.0375 0.399 1.11 1.13 0.492 0.316 0.888 0.704 0.543
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.12 1.60 1.28 0.253 0.174 0.958 1.11 0.463 0.449 0.899 0.579 0.568
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.56 1.54 1.27 0.209 0.000418 0.156 0.922 1.16 0.462 0.453 0.877 0.336 0.516
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Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.710
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.963 0.885 0.707 0.0552 0.00234 1.26 2.80 1.32 0.358 0.344 0.763 0.739 0.510
CanESM5 [-] 0.583 0.540 0.710 0.0269 0.174 1.56 1.41 0.501 0.451 0.720 0.946 0.614
CESM2 [-] 0.734 0.632 0.686 0.0311 0.0240 0.275 1.42 1.31 0.472 0.555 0.805 0.959 0.669
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.548 0.386 0.685 0.0264 0.0244 -0.990 1.61 1.54 0.377 0.467 0.671 0.946 0.586
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.783 0.612 0.710 0.0347 0.161 1.22 1.20 0.478 0.591 0.747 0.976 0.676
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.571 0.465 0.710 0.0639 7.28e-05 -0.744 2.06 1.97 0.369 0.420 0.691 0.942 0.568
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.699 0.728 0.637 0.0400 0.0725 0.691 1.55 1.09 0.414 0.490 0.800 0.859 0.610
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.09 0.579 0.710 0.0432 0.197 1.43 1.30 0.451 0.570 0.812 0.958 0.672
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.816 0.825 0.683 0.0353 0.0268 1.80 2.22 1.38 0.380 0.471 0.679 0.962 0.593
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 15.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 16.1 15.8 15.5 0.705 0.180 0.194 1.71 0.715 0.704 0.600 0.920 0.946 0.754
CanESM5 [-] 18.1 17.1 15.7 0.866 0.685 2.15 0.956 0.652 0.554 0.915 0.962 0.727
CESM2 [-] 14.4 13.7 15.6 0.530 0.109 -0.161 1.57 0.573 0.680 0.655 0.947 0.931 0.774
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 13.3 13.1 15.5 0.392 0.203 -0.212 1.46 0.619 0.708 0.653 0.941 0.937 0.779
MeanCMIP6 [-] 16.0 15.5 15.7 0.555 0.231 1.24 0.514 0.741 0.719 0.957 0.899 0.807
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 17.5 16.3 15.7 0.888 0.0138 0.365 2.22 1.02 0.580 0.554 0.870 0.888 0.689
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 18.6 18.2 14.7 0.500 0.954 0.694 1.84 0.646 0.703 0.599 0.943 0.971 0.763
NorESM2-LM [-] 13.1 13.4 15.7 0.553 -0.0506 1.61 0.614 0.683 0.648 0.945 0.938 0.772
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 17.5 17.5 15.4 0.680 0.243 0.733 1.61 0.671 0.693 0.654 0.933 0.933 0.774
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 12.4
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 12.0 11.1 12.2 0.580 0.168 -0.141 2.81 2.28 0.130 0.156 0.652 0.597 0.338
CanESM5 [-] 11.0 10.4 12.4 0.510 0.443 2.08 2.48 0.157 0.296 0.597 0.912 0.452
CESM2 [-] 10.6 9.93 12.1 0.413 0.272 -0.652 1.53 2.79 0.176 0.295 0.556 0.854 0.435
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 9.66 9.88 12.2 0.305 0.217 -0.526 1.50 2.38 0.247 0.353 0.623 0.950 0.505
MeanCMIP6 [-] 10.4 10.3 12.4 0.372 -0.346 1.23 2.01 0.318 0.383 0.703 0.965 0.550
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 7.15 6.60 12.4 0.484 0.00161 -2.67 3.12 2.84 0.0599 0.239 0.533 0.961 0.406
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 14.0 13.6 11.3 0.337 1.06 1.51 2.79 2.23 0.0859 0.304 0.642 0.721 0.411
NorESM2-LM [-] 10.4 9.18 12.4 0.471 -0.818 1.69 2.81 0.159 0.298 0.548 0.964 0.454
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 13.2 12.8 12.1 0.502 0.236 1.70 2.57 2.03 0.101 0.276 0.681 0.981 0.463
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 60.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 51.2 48.7 60.3 1.80 0.391 -0.785 2.15 1.48 0.426 0.418 0.792 0.932 0.597
CanESM5 [-] 66.7 63.4 60.7 2.70 0.974 2.58 2.23 0.387 0.392 0.628 0.953 0.550
CESM2 [-] 48.2 46.6 60.1 1.74 0.595 -0.800 2.30 1.90 0.394 0.426 0.714 0.931 0.578
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 57.6 55.6 60.2 1.77 0.492 0.000629 1.82 1.77 0.538 0.430 0.728 0.978 0.621
MeanCMIP6 [-] 55.3 53.5 60.7 1.72 -0.194 1.65 1.44 0.530 0.470 0.793 0.962 0.645
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 51.9 48.6 60.6 2.37 0.138 -0.570 2.58 2.77 0.393 0.326 0.525 0.960 0.506
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 65.8 64.0 57.1 1.29 3.58 0.601 2.92 2.04 0.368 0.318 0.674 0.888 0.513
NorESM2-LM [-] 47.1 44.8 60.7 2.04 -0.736 2.37 1.76 0.374 0.434 0.745 0.921 0.582
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 61.8 57.9 60.2 2.05 0.520 0.272 2.83 1.70 0.372 0.335 0.735 0.829 0.521
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 2.00
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.95 2.92 2.00 0.0448 0.00331 0.224 0.711 0.372 0.767 0.592 0.974 0.809 0.747
CanESM5 [-] 2.54 2.55 2.00 0.0399 0.144 0.843 0.987 0.798 0.489 0.940 0.897 0.723
CESM2 [-] 4.61 4.60 2.00 0.0393 0.00124 0.610 1.48 1.67 0.549 0.406 0.883 0.381 0.525
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.97 2.91 1.99 0.0832 0.00542 0.236 0.770 0.208 0.775 0.575 0.993 0.895 0.763
MeanCMIP6 [-] 3.50 3.56 2.00 0.0627 0.379 0.783 0.0844 0.744 0.585 0.997 0.868 0.756
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.39 4.38 2.00 0.0768 8.97e-05 0.557 1.21 0.690 0.611 0.447 0.958 0.637 0.620
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 4.32 4.22 1.97 0.0910 0.0332 0.545 1.13 0.208 0.712 0.489 0.985 0.854 0.706
NorESM2-LM [-] 3.03 3.18 2.00 0.0357 0.300 1.21 1.97 0.656 0.448 0.857 0.503 0.582
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.74 3.62 2.00 0.0869 0.00326 0.408 0.978 0.419 0.745 0.496 0.964 0.773 0.695
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 9.46
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 13.9 13.2 9.32 0.267 0.143 0.712 1.52 0.747 0.605 0.517 0.917 0.923 0.696
CanESM5 [-] 14.6 14.2 9.46 0.410 1.10 2.16 1.42 0.521 0.396 0.854 0.862 0.606
CESM2 [-] 11.5 11.1 9.41 0.252 0.0571 0.365 1.59 0.760 0.621 0.483 0.923 0.919 0.686
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 11.8 11.3 9.37 0.177 0.0932 0.437 1.50 0.730 0.595 0.523 0.926 0.927 0.699
MeanCMIP6 [-] 12.9 12.5 9.46 0.248 0.641 1.29 0.573 0.639 0.601 0.946 0.940 0.745
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 13.6 13.4 9.44 0.686 0.0210 0.896 2.10 1.55 0.491 0.434 0.823 0.727 0.582
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 15.0 14.7 9.03 0.193 0.436 0.981 2.16 0.759 0.551 0.409 0.915 0.925 0.642
NorESM2-LM [-] 11.6 10.5 9.46 0.284 0.316 1.61 0.715 0.600 0.485 0.926 0.913 0.682
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 12.3 11.4 9.35 0.273 0.111 0.482 1.51 0.802 0.603 0.550 0.906 0.842 0.690

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
BIAS
Data not available
Data not available
BIAS SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available

SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

Relationships

Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.544 0.672 0.607 0.553 0.533 0.657 0.760 0.600 0.555 0.576 0.630
CanESM5 [-] 0.638 0.640 0.656 0.652 0.682 0.755 0.605 0.529 0.701 0.807 0.679
CESM2 [-] 0.467 0.579 0.552 0.525 0.589 0.596 0.579 0.236 0.294 0.722 0.486
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.704 0.673 0.697 0.719 0.655 0.760 0.752 0.736 0.726
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.626 0.665 0.599 0.534 0.612 0.783 0.723 0.502 0.596 0.685 0.658
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.573 0.585 0.677 0.637 0.550 0.779 0.362 0.519 0.565 0.667 0.578
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.652 0.651 0.593 0.597 0.675 0.891 0.768 0.494 0.588 0.750 0.698
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.494 0.615 0.599 0.541 0.652 0.500 0.699 0.328 0.296 0.704 0.505
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.475 0.609 0.644 0.585 0.417 0.476 0.367 0.242 0.224 0.362 0.334
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.523 0.631 0.527 0.616 0.685 0.803 0.834 0.726 0.766 0.750 0.776
CanESM5 [-] 0.547 0.574 0.545 0.629 0.703 0.929 0.856 0.578 0.600 0.748 0.742
CESM2 [-] 0.508 0.574 0.525 0.639 0.668 0.778 0.855 0.745 0.735 0.770 0.777
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.707 0.771 0.733 0.727 0.759 0.837 0.724 0.662 0.746
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.553 0.645 0.531 0.588 0.710 0.745 0.888 0.690 0.739 0.806 0.774
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.499 0.599 0.586 0.558 0.642 0.714 0.784 0.743 0.714 0.711 0.733
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.516 0.579 0.477 0.639 0.667 0.888 0.781 0.647 0.684 0.672 0.735
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.501 0.592 0.530 0.628 0.680 0.786 0.903 0.749 0.744 0.799 0.796
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.519 0.584 0.521 0.593 0.587 0.928 0.813 0.596 0.700 0.753 0.758
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.567 0.581 0.714 0.680 0.679 0.631 0.718 0.771 0.639 0.532 0.658
CanESM5 [-] 0.539 0.519 0.689 0.644 0.674 0.656 0.600 0.285 0.427 0.463 0.486
CESM2 [-] 0.627 0.564 0.753 0.685 0.714 0.715 0.893 0.600 0.651 0.556 0.683
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.541 0.634 0.693 0.614 0.699 0.886 0.671 0.401 0.664
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.547 0.579 0.735 0.676 0.726 0.702 0.844 0.799 0.608 0.640 0.719
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.535 0.591 0.631 0.609 0.538 0.306 0.479 0.597 0.525 0.472 0.476
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.475 0.495 0.665 0.630 0.626 0.837 0.652 0.719 0.589 0.494 0.658
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.584 0.532 0.753 0.670 0.721 0.723 0.819 0.179 0.643 0.727 0.618
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.518 0.550 0.650 0.610 0.577 0.583 0.768 0.755 0.504 0.487 0.619
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.631 0.774 0.718 0.716 0.763 0.420 0.698 0.408 0.374 0.486 0.477
CanESM5 [-] 0.671 0.686 0.694 0.690 0.647 0.702 0.164 0.355 0.249 0.380 0.370
CESM2 [-] 0.657 0.743 0.701 0.715 0.690 0.413 0.616 0.575 0.342 0.245 0.438
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.677 0.700 0.670 0.681 0.426 0.659 0.403 0.422 0.477
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.648 0.727 0.778 0.740 0.784 0.566 0.730 0.469 0.354 0.507 0.525
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.508 0.679 0.662 0.626 0.617 0.486 0.449 0.526 0.562 0.527 0.510
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.660 0.630 0.652 0.650 0.750 0.224 0.460 0.359 0.206 0.575 0.365
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.719 0.719 0.669 0.700 0.673 0.240 0.693 0.530 0.524 0.271 0.451
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.739 0.637 0.635 0.622 0.652 0.312 0.556 0.500 0.304 0.416 0.418
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.794 0.908 0.863 0.885 0.813 0.723 0.533 0.356 0.481 0.742 0.567
CanESM5 [-] 0.653 0.759 0.658 0.684 0.659 0.768 0.911 0.537 0.734 0.820 0.754
CESM2 [-] 0.759 0.866 0.793 0.787 0.730 0.756 0.589 0.778 0.773 0.823 0.744
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.655 0.909 0.791 0.734 0.762 0.544 0.774 0.833 0.728
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.723 0.832 0.779 0.802 0.762 0.753 0.716 0.787 0.748 0.829 0.767
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.751 0.844 0.576 0.703 0.614 0.579 0.602 0.726 0.669 0.624 0.640
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.721 0.810 0.771 0.744 0.702 0.869 0.662 0.576 0.708 0.720 0.707
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.601 0.811 0.659 0.678 0.727 0.772 0.620 0.733 0.842 0.875 0.768
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.753 0.762 0.700 0.682 0.754 0.665 0.703 0.367 0.658 0.695 0.618
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.699 0.615 0.706 0.723 0.688 0.847 0.848 0.733 0.791 0.850 0.814
CanESM5 [-] 0.672 0.597 0.647 0.637 0.693 0.901 0.789 0.668 0.748 0.835 0.788
CESM2 [-] 0.754 0.650 0.694 0.714 0.728 0.907 0.782 0.835 0.843 0.792 0.832
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.719 0.658 0.710 0.689 0.857 0.759 0.776 0.823 0.804
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.706 0.635 0.681 0.690 0.721 0.880 0.816 0.807 0.866 0.850 0.844
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.643 0.657 0.698 0.674 0.650 0.826 0.717 0.621 0.691 0.791 0.729
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.678 0.653 0.641 0.675 0.635 0.953 0.808 0.745 0.793 0.776 0.815
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.712 0.648 0.694 0.716 0.726 0.893 0.801 0.827 0.792 0.727 0.808
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.714 0.636 0.668 0.709 0.644 0.815 0.813 0.660 0.727 0.739 0.751
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.631 0.757 0.754 0.687 0.606 0.885 0.848 0.729 0.824 0.769 0.811
CanESM5 [-] 0.560 0.859 0.724 0.664 0.616 0.848 0.812 0.709 0.667 0.897 0.786
CESM2 [-] 0.469 0.646 0.539 0.539 0.504 0.865 0.907 0.797 0.771 0.923 0.853
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.602 0.829 0.674 0.676 0.857 0.863 0.858 0.821 0.850
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.765 0.615 0.614 0.626 0.742 0.688 0.889 0.918 0.876 0.886 0.851
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.800 0.695 0.513 0.545 0.553 0.720 0.641 0.674 0.670 0.704 0.682
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.616 0.796 0.668 0.621 0.506 0.841 0.686 0.709 0.732 0.751 0.744
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.531 0.785 0.588 0.600 0.581 0.655 0.911 0.859 0.831 0.908 0.833
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.603 0.790 0.689 0.649 0.634 0.763 0.756 0.733 0.789 0.782 0.764
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.634 0.675 0.616 0.620 0.743 0.747 0.807 0.835 0.880 0.834 0.820
CanESM5 [-] 0.662 0.670 0.585 0.609 0.680 0.834 0.831 0.716 0.742 0.720 0.769
CESM2 [-] 0.593 0.706 0.619 0.633 0.678 0.803 0.875 0.901 0.887 0.853 0.864
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.690 0.756 0.665 0.670 0.778 0.906 0.810 0.857 0.838
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.653 0.754 0.676 0.716 0.789 0.739 0.896 0.855 0.899 0.878 0.853
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.481 0.668 0.708 0.708 0.749 0.705 0.790 0.795 0.785 0.806 0.776
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.757 0.593 0.618 0.708 0.723 0.819 0.699 0.758 0.799 0.684 0.752
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.595 0.675 0.628 0.600 0.652 0.770 0.882 0.889 0.898 0.856 0.859
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.686 0.691 0.523 0.617 0.647 0.819 0.825 0.741 0.847 0.797 0.806
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.423 0.808 0.426 0.457 0.689 0.450 0.647 0.449 0.213 0.447 0.441
CanESM5 [-] 0.530 0.790 0.738 0.676 0.678 0.637 0.706 0.655 0.753 0.621 0.674
CESM2 [-] 0.408 0.623 0.485 0.452 0.548 0.151 0.397 0.522 0.212 0.320 0.320
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.615 0.755 0.675 0.662 0.722 0.760 0.641 0.783 0.726
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.439 0.728 0.474 0.481 0.649 0.529 0.536 0.462 0.447 0.470 0.489
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.568 0.712 0.598 0.633 0.638 0.641 0.362 0.605 0.564 0.498 0.534
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.421 0.643 0.445 0.478 0.589 0.594 0.398 0.371 0.510 0.373 0.449
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.406 0.661 0.523 0.493 0.631 0.204 0.635 0.533 0.291 0.471 0.427
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.443 0.709 0.609 0.533 0.431 0.322 0.210 0.470 0.423 0.169 0.319
Download Data
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Hellinger Distance [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Hellinger Distance [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Hellinger Distance [1]
Evapotranspiration|GLEAMv3.3a Score [1]
Precipitation|GPCPv2.3 Score [1]
SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceNetSWRadiation|CERESed4.1 Score [1]
SurfaceAirTemperature|CRU4.02 Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.693 0.587 0.672 0.683 0.646 0.836 0.750 0.560 0.520 0.583 0.650
CanESM5 [-] 0.625 0.577 0.629 0.659 0.599 0.744 0.473 0.421 0.384 0.465 0.498
CESM2 [-] 0.718 0.607 0.691 0.726 0.711 0.824 0.822 0.750 0.728 0.549 0.734
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.716 0.702 0.716 0.679 0.849 0.872 0.685 0.614 0.755
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.673 0.616 0.670 0.672 0.647 0.923 0.809 0.690 0.667 0.597 0.737
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.591 0.641 0.654 0.626 0.617 0.857 0.780 0.529 0.515 0.559 0.648
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.615 0.496 0.633 0.609 0.593 0.754 0.656 0.553 0.524 0.525 0.602
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.675 0.586 0.668 0.702 0.681 0.834 0.800 0.752 0.737 0.541 0.733
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.738 0.667 0.709 0.729 0.690 0.789 0.798 0.680 0.629 0.560 0.691

Evapotranspiration/GLEAMv3.3a

Data not available
Data not available
Data not available

Precipitation/GPCPv2.3

Data not available
Data not available
Data not available

SurfaceDownwardSWRadiation/CERESed4.1

Data not available
Data not available
Data not available

SurfaceNetSWRadiation/CERESed4.1

Data not available
Data not available
Data not available

SurfaceAirTemperature/CRU4.02

Data not available
Data not available
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
FLUXCOM (RS+METEO) Global Land Carbon Fluxes using CRUNCEP climate data

  Version:
1

  Institutions:
Department Biogeochemical Integration, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany

  Source:
Data generated by Artificial Neural Networks and forced with CRUNCEPv6 meteorological data and MODIS (RS+METEO)

  History:
2020-08-25: downloaded source from ftp://ftp.bgc-jena.mpg.de/pub/outgoing/FluxCom/CarbonFluxes_v1_2017/RS+METEO/CRUNCEPv6/raw/monthly/
2020-08-25: converted to netCDF, additionally we apply a mask where |var|<1e-15 for all time.

  References:
Jung, M., M. Reichstein, C.R. Schwalm, C. Huntingford, S. Sitch, A. Ahlstrom, A. Arneth, G. Camps-Valls, P. Ciais, P. Friedlingstein, F. Gans, K. Ichii, A.K. Jain, E. Kato, D. Papale, B. Poulter, B. Raduly, C. Rodenbeck, G. Tramontana, N. Viovy, Y.P. Wang, U. Weber, S. Zaehle and N. Zeng (2017), Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature, Nature, 541, 516-520, doi:10.1038/nature20780

Tramontana, G., M. Jung, C.R. Schwalm, K. Ichii, G. Camps-Valls, B. Raduly, M. Reichstein, M.A. Arain, A. Cescatti, G. Kiely, L. Merbold, P. Serrano-Ortiz, S. Sickert, S. Wolf, and D. Papale (2016), Predicting carbon dioxide and energy fluxes across global FLUXNET sites with regression algorithms, Biogeosciences, 13, 4291-4313, doi:10.5194/bg-13-4291-2016

  Comments:
time_period: 1980-01 through 2013-12
temporal_resolution: monthly
spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
units: g m-2 day-1

  Convention:
CF-1.8