Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 7.04
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 9.41 9.18 7.32 0.275 0.00608 0.420 1.29 0.508 0.679 0.579 0.950 0.594 0.676
CanESM5 [-] 8.90 7.93 7.14 0.274 0.232 1.28 0.643 0.690 0.546 0.949 0.573 0.661
CESM2 [-] 11.0 10.7 7.29 0.280 0.00798 0.719 1.64 0.563 0.602 0.543 0.954 0.492 0.627
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 7.77 7.46 7.25 0.228 0.00547 0.0997 0.962 0.277 0.749 0.644 0.982 0.782 0.760
MeanCMIP6 [-] 8.48 8.28 7.09 0.202 0.299 0.960 0.163 0.809 0.654 0.990 0.940 0.809
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 11.4 10.2 7.14 0.365 0.000313 0.679 1.91 1.16 0.576 0.452 0.898 0.340 0.544
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 9.13 8.72 7.18 0.272 0.108 0.327 0.947 0.265 0.800 0.638 0.983 0.906 0.793
NorESM2-LM [-] 10.3 9.65 7.18 0.190 0.647 1.55 0.466 0.615 0.553 0.961 0.515 0.640
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 12.6 11.8 7.18 0.401 0.00429 1.05 1.88 0.302 0.575 0.485 0.976 0.668 0.638
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Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 116.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 122. 115. 116. 7.44 0.262 0.0378 1.47 1.39 0.514 0.459 0.787 0.894 0.623
CanESM5 [-] 148. 134. 116. 11.6 0.711 1.73 1.87 0.456 0.441 0.694 0.843 0.575
CESM2 [-] 115. 108. 116. 7.28 0.443 -0.0380 1.54 1.55 0.520 0.474 0.760 0.925 0.630
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 123. 116. 116. 6.77 0.269 0.167 1.26 1.41 0.559 0.513 0.738 0.924 0.649
MeanCMIP6 [-] 122. 116. 116. 6.28 0.168 1.00 1.26 0.633 0.577 0.803 0.951 0.708
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 122. 108. 116. 11.6 0.0459 0.0119 1.69 2.07 0.489 0.432 0.614 0.894 0.572
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 143. 137. 112. 5.50 3.82 0.547 1.74 1.52 0.460 0.419 0.731 0.820 0.570
NorESM2-LM [-] 113. 102. 116. 8.78 -0.0455 1.52 1.54 0.517 0.476 0.761 0.920 0.630
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 134. 124. 116. 8.57 0.322 0.388 1.84 1.35 0.412 0.439 0.774 0.790 0.571
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 9.73
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 6.62 6.52 9.56 0.232 0.0137 -0.273 0.762 2.20 0.493 0.457 0.711 0.876 0.599
CanESM5 [-] 14.7 12.8 9.63 0.395 0.378 1.03 2.50 0.394 0.427 0.672 0.513 0.486
CESM2 [-] 7.57 7.11 9.66 0.233 0.0310 -0.209 0.743 1.92 0.518 0.463 0.760 0.907 0.622
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 12.2 10.7 10.0 0.215 0.00862 0.0920 0.978 1.97 0.386 0.434 0.771 0.573 0.520
MeanCMIP6 [-] 7.60 7.47 9.65 0.135 -0.173 0.599 2.06 0.564 0.536 0.783 0.889 0.662
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.69 4.44 9.63 0.197 0.00426 -0.461 0.969 2.25 0.315 0.478 0.637 0.623 0.506
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 5.95 5.91 9.54 0.137 0.251 -0.331 0.773 2.34 0.494 0.461 0.728 0.878 0.604
NorESM2-LM [-] 8.01 7.15 9.61 0.223 -0.194 0.798 1.94 0.463 0.454 0.769 0.842 0.597
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.71 3.59 9.78 0.201 0.0129 -0.548 0.925 2.02 0.356 0.489 0.751 0.651 0.547
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 2.58
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.45 2.39 2.45 0.0453 0.000896 0.0130 0.682 1.21 0.572 0.452 0.831 0.535 0.569
CanESM5 [-] 2.06 2.36 2.53 0.0482 0.0644 0.972 2.29 0.463 0.336 0.666 0.370 0.434
CESM2 [-] 2.28 2.16 2.48 0.0350 0.00144 -0.0976 0.863 1.48 0.487 0.392 0.821 0.682 0.555
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.84 1.74 2.50 0.0182 0.00301 -0.234 0.847 1.19 0.447 0.398 0.863 0.596 0.540
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.11 2.09 2.59 0.0271 -0.133 0.554 1.19 0.584 0.531 0.863 0.735 0.649
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.07 1.21 2.53 0.00630 -0.382 1.08 2.95 0.315 0.386 0.547 0.425 0.412
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 2.34 2.38 2.40 0.0252 0.0603 0.00194 0.861 1.12 0.503 0.371 0.859 0.628 0.546
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.28 2.04 2.56 0.0278 -0.149 0.916 1.29 0.449 0.403 0.846 0.627 0.546
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.58 1.74 2.44 0.0316 0.000335 -0.201 0.968 1.34 0.390 0.456 0.836 0.282 0.484
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.568
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.02 0.893 0.458 0.103 2.66 3.86 1.82 0.160 0.266 0.662 0.639 0.398
CanESM5 [-] 0.600 0.626 0.524 0.0425 1.66 2.16 1.56 0.249 0.387 0.742 0.871 0.527
CESM2 [-] 0.784 0.706 0.500 0.0681 0.00425 1.61 2.31 2.20 0.224 0.453 0.606 0.898 0.527
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.575 0.421 0.480 0.0460 0.00332 0.198 1.50 1.64 0.424 0.432 0.701 0.950 0.588
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.800 0.747 0.571 0.0524 1.42 2.01 1.42 0.306 0.502 0.770 0.948 0.606
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.603 0.510 0.524 0.0878 7.76e-05 0.513 2.14 2.70 0.304 0.386 0.511 0.880 0.493
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.732 0.708 0.433 0.0873 0.0122 2.15 2.37 1.85 0.176 0.351 0.636 0.740 0.451
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.15 0.690 0.528 0.0789 1.53 2.17 2.14 0.285 0.487 0.600 0.913 0.554
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.858 0.858 0.477 0.0727 0.00368 3.21 3.82 1.67 0.105 0.369 0.683 0.916 0.488
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 15.0
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 17.0 16.3 14.9 0.969 0.0350 0.355 1.82 0.856 0.681 0.561 0.884 0.820 0.701
CanESM5 [-] 19.0 17.3 14.8 1.14 0.873 2.05 1.07 0.648 0.494 0.887 0.879 0.680
CESM2 [-] 14.8 13.9 15.0 0.892 0.0468 -0.0504 1.57 0.759 0.677 0.608 0.912 0.938 0.749
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 14.1 13.7 14.9 0.564 0.0600 -0.0262 1.17 0.799 0.790 0.653 0.910 0.972 0.796
MeanCMIP6 [-] 15.7 15.1 15.0 0.609 0.224 1.09 0.708 0.793 0.697 0.923 0.985 0.819
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 18.3 16.5 14.8 1.19 0.00204 0.541 1.98 1.19 0.594 0.560 0.836 0.733 0.656
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 19.7 19.1 14.7 0.899 0.502 0.887 1.99 0.848 0.658 0.499 0.909 0.916 0.696
NorESM2-LM [-] 13.8 13.6 14.7 0.888 0.141 1.61 0.742 0.690 0.602 0.915 0.934 0.749
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 18.2 18.3 15.1 0.976 0.0700 0.901 1.83 0.761 0.622 0.609 0.900 0.778 0.704
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 9.47
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 12.5 11.4 9.92 1.03 0.00637 1.36 3.18 2.56 0.211 0.263 0.587 0.348 0.335
CanESM5 [-] 11.2 10.1 9.66 0.849 1.82 2.63 3.22 0.182 0.365 0.444 0.726 0.416
CESM2 [-] 11.0 10.1 9.79 0.808 0.0555 0.781 1.39 2.61 0.485 0.438 0.579 0.991 0.586
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 10.1 9.60 9.42 0.584 0.0260 0.981 1.78 3.48 0.287 0.418 0.408 0.719 0.450
MeanCMIP6 [-] 10.8 10.3 9.41 0.499 1.36 1.54 2.57 0.278 0.509 0.588 0.995 0.576
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 7.42 6.47 9.66 0.853 -1.32 2.21 3.62 0.220 0.341 0.370 0.916 0.437
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 14.6 14.0 9.37 0.787 0.409 3.08 3.87 2.75 0.0664 0.390 0.553 0.388 0.357
NorESM2-LM [-] 10.6 9.01 9.70 0.894 0.582 1.47 2.63 0.406 0.421 0.567 0.972 0.557
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 13.7 13.0 9.70 0.920 0.0458 3.31 3.79 2.87 0.0539 0.354 0.529 0.778 0.414
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 54.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 54.0 50.4 53.9 2.88 0.0984 -0.186 2.29 1.75 0.449 0.424 0.747 0.704 0.550
CanESM5 [-] 68.6 65.2 54.5 3.58 1.57 2.67 2.43 0.376 0.436 0.604 0.927 0.556
CESM2 [-] 49.3 46.3 53.6 2.97 0.243 -0.356 2.31 2.08 0.451 0.443 0.688 0.703 0.546
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 59.8 56.8 53.9 2.71 0.0937 0.583 1.90 2.13 0.511 0.478 0.643 0.859 0.594
MeanCMIP6 [-] 57.6 55.6 54.1 2.02 0.472 1.46 1.71 0.614 0.540 0.741 0.929 0.673
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 53.5 49.7 54.5 3.18 0.0284 -0.0308 2.27 2.92 0.514 0.392 0.490 0.856 0.529
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 69.7 66.6 52.1 2.47 1.93 1.30 3.02 2.31 0.351 0.363 0.615 0.610 0.460
NorESM2-LM [-] 48.2 45.2 54.4 3.03 -0.278 2.28 2.03 0.464 0.450 0.693 0.707 0.553
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 63.5 58.6 53.9 3.05 0.0966 0.791 3.02 1.84 0.346 0.358 0.714 0.557 0.467
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 4.30
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 3.47 3.41 4.42 0.0735 0.00380 -0.223 0.806 0.436 0.703 0.571 0.958 0.672 0.695
CanESM5 [-] 2.79 2.71 4.34 0.0583 -0.365 0.910 0.879 0.693 0.511 0.934 0.820 0.694
CESM2 [-] 5.21 5.17 4.41 0.0893 0.00722 0.174 1.68 1.75 0.494 0.351 0.785 0.268 0.450
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 3.59 3.46 4.38 0.115 0.0129 -0.188 0.759 0.314 0.759 0.566 0.979 0.817 0.738
MeanCMIP6 [-] 3.61 3.54 4.32 0.0659 -0.164 0.780 0.215 0.772 0.561 0.984 0.817 0.739
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.78 4.66 4.34 0.105 8.23e-06 0.0698 1.21 0.722 0.672 0.435 0.928 0.488 0.591
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 4.70 4.56 4.32 0.129 0.0963 0.0658 1.03 0.274 0.799 0.463 0.978 0.787 0.698
NorESM2-LM [-] 3.61 3.74 4.37 0.0357 -0.121 1.42 2.00 0.552 0.402 0.751 0.355 0.492
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 4.71 4.48 4.36 0.140 0.00693 0.0606 1.02 0.360 0.728 0.489 0.968 0.549 0.645
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Pg yr-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Pg yr-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 12.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 14.6 14.0 12.6 0.378 0.0555 0.244 1.34 0.860 0.689 0.548 0.901 0.872 0.711
CanESM5 [-] 15.0 14.8 12.7 0.646 0.634 1.96 1.45 0.624 0.416 0.841 0.781 0.615
CESM2 [-] 11.8 11.5 12.7 0.381 0.0175 -0.111 1.59 0.891 0.632 0.500 0.894 0.923 0.690
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 12.4 11.9 12.7 0.303 0.0273 -0.0278 1.31 0.854 0.673 0.559 0.910 0.930 0.726
MeanCMIP6 [-] 12.8 12.5 12.8 0.247 0.0826 0.983 0.727 0.721 0.650 0.919 0.963 0.781
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 14.3 14.1 12.7 0.981 0.00754 0.432 1.97 1.65 0.530 0.489 0.804 0.600 0.582
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 15.7 15.0 12.1 0.378 0.289 0.524 1.87 0.915 0.644 0.422 0.897 0.917 0.660
NorESM2-LM [-] 12.0 11.3 12.8 0.348 -0.147 1.63 0.876 0.627 0.496 0.892 0.896 0.681
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 12.7 11.9 12.6 0.347 0.0474 -0.00309 1.62 0.875 0.581 0.560 0.895 0.754 0.670

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
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CanESM5
Data not available
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CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
Water, Energy, and Carbon with Artificial Neural Networks (WECANN)

  Version:
1

  Institutions:
Columbia University

  Source:
Solar Induced Fluorescence (SIF), Air Temperature, Precipitation, Net Radiation, Soil Moisture, and Snow Water Equivalent

  History:
2020-11-02: downloaded https://avdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/pub/data/project/WECANN/WECANN_v1.0.nc
2020-11-02: converted to ILAMB-ready netCDF

  References:
Alemohammad, S. H. and Fang, B. and Konings, A. G. and Aires, F. and Green, J. K. and Kolassa, J. and Miralles, D. and Prigent, C. and Gentine, P. (2017), Biogeosciences, 18, 4101--4124, doi:10.5194/bg-14-4101-2017

  Comments:
time_period: 2007-01 through 2015-11
temporal_resolution: monthly
spatial_resolution: 1.0 degree
units: g/m^2/day

  Convention:
CF-1.8