Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.190
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.0746 0.264 1.19 2.76 0.581 0.323 0.483 0.428
CanESM5 [-] -0.0396 0.150 1.06 1.77 0.680 0.359 0.560 0.490
CESM2 [-] -0.134 0.0561 0.941 1.85 0.771 0.414 0.405 0.501
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.119 0.0706 0.864 4.37 0.760 0.427 0.329 0.486
MeanCMIP6 [-] -0.104 0.0853 0.801 1.22 0.752 0.465 0.714 0.599
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -0.129 0.0608 1.32 2.07 0.789 0.335 0.629 0.522
NorESM2-LM [-] -0.117 0.0728 0.915 1.56 0.767 0.435 0.529 0.542
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.102 0.0875 1.10 2.86 0.745 0.360 0.585 0.512
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.666
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -0.0639 0.603 1.95 2.34 0.429 0.337 0.627 0.433
CanESM5 [-] -0.0296 0.637 1.98 2.19 0.416 0.357 0.740 0.468
CESM2 [-] -0.185 0.476 1.71 2.07 0.476 0.418 0.770 0.521
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.235 0.434 1.74 2.76 0.492 0.386 0.600 0.466
MeanCMIP6 [-] -0.164 0.502 1.62 1.74 0.465 0.439 0.783 0.531
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -0.292 0.374 1.80 1.84 0.512 0.395 0.759 0.515
NorESM2-LM [-] -0.185 0.481 1.69 2.03 0.474 0.423 0.790 0.527
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.137 0.524 1.81 2.27 0.457 0.379 0.579 0.449
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.474
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -0.0224 0.451 1.35 1.79 0.551 0.373 1.01 0.578
CanESM5 [-] 0.0136 0.487 1.81 3.71 0.523 0.296 0.134 0.312
CESM2 [-] -0.0629 0.411 1.36 3.26 0.579 0.367 0.445 0.439
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.0776 0.396 1.59 2.24 0.591 0.315 0.761 0.495
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.0410 0.515 1.35 2.70 0.506 0.381 0.338 0.402
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.0277 0.501 1.35 1.57 0.524 0.383 0.561 0.462
NorESM2-LM [-] -0.0357 0.438 1.31 3.50 0.559 0.379 0.716 0.509
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.0186 0.455 1.34 2.02 0.546 0.352 0.357 0.401
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.0726
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -0.0399 0.0328 0.904 2.04 -0.163 0.0146 1.34 0.301
CanESM5 [-] 0.00953 0.0821 1.14 4.47 -0.448 -0.00414 -0.371 -0.207
CESM2 [-] -0.0767 -0.00408 0.924 3.06 0.000268 -0.0166 -0.293 -0.0815
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.176 -0.104 1.10 4.34 0.156 -0.0476 1.49 0.387
MeanCMIP6 [-] -0.0813 -0.00870 0.680 1.16 -0.136 0.0232 -0.367 -0.114
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.0407 0.113 0.536 1.73 -0.551 0.396 -0.464 -0.0556
NorESM2-LM [-] -0.0586 0.0140 0.833 5.32 -0.116 0.0425 0.237 0.0513
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.0283 0.0443 0.682 0.581 -0.202 -0.0265 1.05 0.198
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.899
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -0.104 0.794 2.29 2.13 0.442 0.357 0.616 0.443
CanESM5 [-] -0.0636 0.835 2.20 1.85 0.430 0.410 0.773 0.506
CESM2 [-] -0.248 0.651 1.87 1.58 0.478 0.468 0.808 0.555
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.287 0.611 1.92 2.56 0.495 0.427 0.589 0.485
MeanCMIP6 [-] -0.271 0.628 1.81 1.33 0.490 0.475 0.857 0.574
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -0.419 0.480 1.97 1.37 0.524 0.430 0.854 0.560
NorESM2-LM [-] -0.259 0.640 1.87 1.50 0.485 0.473 0.808 0.560
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.182 0.717 2.02 2.00 0.463 0.431 0.694 0.504
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.384
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -0.520 -0.136 1.74 1.52 0.588 0.295 0.540 0.429
CanESM5 [-] -0.0225 0.362 1.90 1.52 0.118 0.252 1.14 0.441
CESM2 [-] -0.135 0.250 1.91 1.52 0.222 0.335 1.14 0.508
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.262 0.122 1.71 0.508 0.341 0.367 0.856 0.483
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.128 0.512 1.87 1.52 -0.0216 0.374 1.14 0.467
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -0.370 0.0140 1.84 5.54 0.443 0.339 -0.0813 0.260
NorESM2-LM [-] -0.107 0.277 1.95 1.52 0.196 0.396 1.14 0.532
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.150 0.235 2.30 1.52 0.236 0.363 1.14 0.526
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.664
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -0.133 0.531 1.71 2.75 0.249 0.230 0.491 0.300
CanESM5 [-] -0.0709 0.593 1.92 2.85 0.239 0.186 0.581 0.298
CESM2 [-] -0.168 0.437 1.49 2.79 0.297 0.291 0.597 0.369
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.182 0.482 1.70 2.61 0.281 0.244 0.553 0.331
MeanCMIP6 [-] -0.0564 0.607 1.54 2.70 0.227 0.339 0.495 0.350
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -0.154 0.510 1.54 2.42 0.285 0.291 0.583 0.363
NorESM2-LM [-] -0.153 0.511 1.54 2.56 0.270 0.298 0.503 0.342
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.0781 0.533 1.86 2.69 0.227 0.158 0.334 0.219
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.124
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.0335 0.158 0.765 2.03 0.734 0.342 0.709 0.532
CanESM5 [-] -0.000698 0.124 0.687 1.65 0.773 0.376 0.579 0.526
CESM2 [-] -0.0111 0.113 0.741 2.29 0.789 0.355 0.667 0.541
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.0194 0.119 0.721 2.04 0.797 0.410 0.477 0.523
MeanCMIP6 [-] -0.00802 0.116 0.613 1.40 0.777 0.418 0.965 0.645
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -0.00456 0.120 0.828 2.16 0.768 0.288 0.707 0.513
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.00631 0.131 0.721 2.16 0.760 0.363 0.799 0.571
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.00837 0.116 0.650 1.77 0.778 0.389 0.804 0.590
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [g m-2 d-1]
Bias [g m-2 d-1]
RMSE [g m-2 d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -0.747
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -0.0532 0.697 2.28 2.44 0.435 0.346 0.653 0.445
CanESM5 [-] 0.0123 0.760 2.36 2.11 0.422 0.347 0.823 0.484
CESM2 [-] -0.188 0.559 2.10 2.22 0.485 0.397 0.836 0.528
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -0.285 0.462 2.08 2.46 0.517 0.379 0.627 0.475
MeanCMIP6 [-] -0.167 0.580 1.98 2.11 0.476 0.428 0.817 0.537
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -0.369 0.378 2.16 1.99 0.541 0.388 0.740 0.514
NorESM2-LM [-] -0.199 0.549 2.06 2.12 0.489 0.399 0.883 0.542
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -0.160 0.587 2.13 2.53 0.477 0.376 0.488 0.429

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
Data not available
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
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CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
FluxNet Tower eddy covariance measurements (Tier 1)

  Version:
2015

  Institutions:
FluxNet, AmeriFlux, AfriFlux, AsiaFlux, ChinaFlux, Fluxnet-Canada, KoFlux, CarboAfrica, CarboEuropeIP, CarboItaly, CarboMont, GreenGrass, OzFlux-TERN, LBA, NECC, ICOS, TCOS-Siberia, and USCCC

  References:
Reichstein, M., D. Papale, R. Valentini, M. Aubinet, C. Bernhofer, A. Knohl, T. Laurila, A. Lindroth, E. Moors, K. Pilegaard, and G. Seufert (2007), Determinants of terrestrialecosystem carbon balance inferred from European eddy covarianceflux sites, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L01402, doi:10.1029/2006GL027880

Lasslop, G., M. Reichstein, D. Papale, A.D. Richardson, A. Arneth, A. Barr, P. Stoy, and G. Wohlfahrt (2010), Separation of net ecosystem exchange into assimilation and respiration using a light response curve approach: critical issues and global evaluation, Global Change Biology, 16, 187-208, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02041.x

Knauer, J., S. Zaehle, B.E. Medlyn, M. Reichstein, C.A. Williams, M. Migliavacca, M.G. De Kauwe, C. Werner, C. Keitel, P. Kolari, J.-M. Limousin, and M.-L. Linderson (2018), Towards physiologically meaningful water use efficiency estimates from eddy covariance data, Global Change Biology, 24(2), 694-710, doi:10.1111/gcb.13893

  Comment:
Fluxnet variable(s) used: NEE_VUT_REF