Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 277.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 274. 274. 277. -2.80 3.95 0.140 0.761 0.833 0.990 0.915 0.866
CanESM5 [-] 276. 276. 277. -0.787 2.88 0.158 0.852 0.838 0.989 0.869 0.877
CESM2 [-] 276. 276. 277. 276. -0.274 2.98 0.221 0.884 0.812 0.985 0.921 0.883
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 274. 274. 277. -2.15 3.28 0.0972 0.810 0.856 0.993 0.991 0.901
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 274. 274. 277. -2.01 3.45 0.163 0.810 0.837 0.989 0.931 0.881
MeanCMIP6 [-] 274. 275. 277. -2.33 3.10 0.0908 0.814 0.875 0.994 0.632 0.838
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 276. 276. 277. -0.491 3.79 0.0929 0.786 0.828 0.993 0.757 0.838
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 275. 275. 277. -1.32 2.79 0.149 0.841 0.857 0.990 0.955 0.900
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 274. 274. 277. -3.11 4.03 0.116 0.749 0.843 0.992 0.899 0.865
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 292.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 287. 292. 292. 251. -0.834 2.95 0.547 0.685 0.700 0.936 0.996 0.804
CanESM5 [-] 287. 292. 292. 253. -0.465 3.28 0.660 0.648 0.659 0.920 0.998 0.777
CESM2 [-] 287. 292. 292. 248. 295. -0.567 2.51 0.540 0.711 0.730 0.945 1.00 0.823
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 286. 290. 292. 265. -2.22 3.26 0.477 0.595 0.716 0.949 0.999 0.795
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 285. 289. 292. 249. -2.96 3.98 0.623 0.527 0.736 0.930 0.996 0.785
MeanCMIP6 [-] 286. 291. 292. 250. -1.89 2.88 0.411 0.678 0.768 0.955 0.998 0.833
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 289. 292. 292. 263. -0.122 3.40 0.526 0.611 0.717 0.939 1.00 0.796
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 287. 291. 292. 243. -1.26 2.77 0.513 0.661 0.724 0.946 1.00 0.811
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 286. 291. 292. 249. -1.81 3.15 0.534 0.632 0.718 0.939 0.991 0.800
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 304.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 304. 304. 304. -0.266 2.45 0.553 0.735 0.718 0.951 0.951 0.815
CanESM5 [-] 305. 306. 304. 1.04 3.35 0.755 0.659 0.639 0.915 0.933 0.757
CESM2 [-] 303. 303. 304. 301. -1.42 2.62 0.431 0.665 0.762 0.958 0.998 0.829
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 302. 302. 304. -2.36 3.17 0.619 0.590 0.740 0.946 1.00 0.803
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 300. 300. 304. -4.00 4.39 0.682 0.461 0.742 0.936 0.999 0.776
MeanCMIP6 [-] 303. 303. 304. -1.72 2.86 0.479 0.718 0.772 0.957 0.704 0.785
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 306. 306. 304. 1.46 3.09 0.615 0.628 0.735 0.938 0.942 0.795
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 303. 303. 304. -1.06 2.33 0.498 0.717 0.748 0.952 0.997 0.832
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 303. 304. 304. -0.880 2.46 0.501 0.693 0.756 0.955 0.972 0.826
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 290.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 287. 288. 290. -1.88 3.60 0.147 0.746 0.812 0.986 0.975 0.866
CanESM5 [-] 288. 288. 290. -1.00 4.59 0.235 0.717 0.747 0.981 0.918 0.822
CESM2 [-] 289. 289. 290. 293. -0.465 2.37 0.171 0.802 0.869 0.983 0.999 0.904
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 288. 288. 290. -1.56 2.82 0.194 0.779 0.850 0.984 0.996 0.891
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 285. 285. 290. -4.02 4.84 0.323 0.646 0.825 0.975 0.947 0.844
MeanCMIP6 [-] 288. 288. 290. -1.57 2.96 0.136 0.772 0.858 0.988 0.965 0.888
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 290. 290. 290. 0.793 4.27 0.137 0.714 0.806 0.987 0.913 0.845
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 289. 289. 290. -0.202 2.63 0.167 0.792 0.846 0.983 0.999 0.893
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 288. 288. 290. -0.990 3.10 0.175 0.761 0.842 0.985 0.994 0.885
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 286.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 287. 288. 286. -0.0965 4.09 0.916 0.486 0.614 0.878 0.825 0.683
CanESM5 [-] 285. 289. 286. 0.533 3.88 0.839 0.548 0.588 0.899 0.882 0.701
CESM2 [-] 288. 289. 287. 285. 1.01 2.66 0.969 0.572 0.688 0.864 0.959 0.754
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 285. 285. 286. -1.12 2.80 0.850 0.556 0.706 0.893 0.967 0.766
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 283. 285. 286. -1.44 3.27 0.778 0.556 0.689 0.900 0.954 0.757
MeanCMIP6 [-] 286. 285. 286. -5.69 7.85 0.771 0.461 0.733 0.902 0.374 0.641
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 286. 288. 286. 1.39 3.16 0.827 0.581 0.714 0.910 0.980 0.780
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 285. 285. 286. -1.01 2.90 0.930 0.540 0.706 0.882 0.932 0.753
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 287. 288. 286. -0.399 3.38 0.915 0.529 0.672 0.871 0.885 0.726
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 287.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 286. 286. 287. -1.17 3.09 0.292 0.770 0.769 0.972 0.959 0.848
CanESM5 [-] 286. 286. 287. -0.835 2.47 0.395 0.791 0.816 0.967 0.993 0.877
CESM2 [-] 287. 287. 287. 285. 0.312 2.01 0.454 0.837 0.841 0.965 0.992 0.895
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 284. 284. 287. -2.86 3.39 0.242 0.684 0.837 0.979 0.999 0.867
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 284. 284. 287. -2.33 3.16 0.446 0.726 0.813 0.963 0.997 0.862
MeanCMIP6 [-] 285. 285. 287. -2.77 3.39 0.216 0.753 0.859 0.982 0.760 0.843
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 287. 286. 287. -0.273 2.89 0.271 0.774 0.802 0.975 0.968 0.864
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 285. 285. 287. -1.86 2.64 0.438 0.744 0.851 0.965 0.999 0.882
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 284. 284. 287. -2.27 3.26 0.348 0.710 0.813 0.971 0.971 0.856
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 304.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 304. 304. 304. 0.381 2.39 2.06 0.226 0.376 0.677 0.679 0.467
CanESM5 [-] 303. 303. 304. -1.05 2.76 2.48 0.204 0.332 0.586 0.707 0.432
CESM2 [-] 303. 303. 304. 303. -0.710 1.74 1.52 0.374 0.416 0.791 0.891 0.577
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 301. 301. 304. -2.57 2.97 1.70 0.143 0.442 0.745 0.937 0.542
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 300. 300. 304. -3.79 3.92 2.19 0.0659 0.556 0.656 0.810 0.529
MeanCMIP6 [-] 301. 301. 304. -5.15 5.41 1.54 0.238 0.549 0.767 0.0715 0.435
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 301. 301. 304. -2.97 3.27 1.78 0.119 0.435 0.738 0.914 0.528
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 301. 301. 304. -2.66 3.14 1.60 0.122 0.478 0.764 0.812 0.531
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 302. 302. 304. -2.05 2.53 2.20 0.203 0.414 0.658 0.938 0.526
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 303.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 304. 304. 303. 0.136 2.03 1.06 0.502 0.542 0.863 0.939 0.677
CanESM5 [-] 303. 303. 303. -1.03 3.02 1.15 0.398 0.442 0.850 0.820 0.590
CESM2 [-] 303. 303. 303. 303. -0.643 1.86 0.946 0.542 0.551 0.894 0.981 0.704
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 301. 301. 303. -2.49 3.03 0.830 0.319 0.498 0.901 0.989 0.641
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 300. 300. 303. -3.47 3.69 1.02 0.216 0.594 0.866 0.995 0.653
MeanCMIP6 [-] 302. 302. 303. -3.59 4.10 0.743 0.440 0.615 0.911 0.235 0.563
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 302. 302. 303. -1.66 3.11 1.01 0.336 0.556 0.872 0.888 0.642
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 302. 302. 303. -1.74 2.67 0.849 0.399 0.507 0.898 0.953 0.653
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 302. 302. 303. -1.21 2.55 1.01 0.412 0.517 0.873 0.891 0.642
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 266.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 265. 265. 266. -1.61 4.83 0.0972 0.835 0.765 0.993 0.988 0.869
CanESM5 [-] 266. 266. 266. -0.563 4.31 0.123 0.828 0.791 0.992 0.892 0.859
CESM2 [-] 266. 266. 266. 264. -0.406 4.70 0.266 0.841 0.768 0.982 0.916 0.855
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 265. 265. 266. -0.647 4.13 0.0286 0.838 0.801 0.998 0.946 0.877
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 266. 266. 266. 0.0502 4.55 0.0887 0.815 0.789 0.994 0.901 0.858
MeanCMIP6 [-] 265. 265. 266. -1.71 4.14 0.0425 0.841 0.821 0.997 0.773 0.850
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 266. 267. 266. 0.261 4.29 0.0338 0.815 0.810 0.998 0.986 0.884
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 266. 266. 266. -0.432 4.39 0.119 0.828 0.798 0.992 0.915 0.866
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 262. 262. 266. -4.14 5.43 0.0556 0.731 0.796 0.996 0.943 0.852
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 289.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 287. 287. 289. -1.32 2.97 0.282 0.775 0.791 0.976 0.986 0.864
CanESM5 [-] 288. 287. 289. -1.14 3.22 0.326 0.754 0.793 0.973 0.975 0.858
CESM2 [-] 288. 288. 289. 292. -0.152 2.06 0.399 0.816 0.860 0.971 1.00 0.901
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 286. 286. 289. -2.58 3.24 0.257 0.707 0.835 0.980 1.00 0.872
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 285. 285. 289. -3.23 4.00 0.471 0.671 0.817 0.965 0.979 0.850
MeanCMIP6 [-] 287. 287. 289. -2.34 3.12 0.233 0.766 0.860 0.983 0.899 0.874
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 289. 289. 289. 0.422 3.35 0.238 0.745 0.795 0.980 0.974 0.858
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 288. 288. 289. -1.02 2.39 0.471 0.790 0.839 0.965 1.00 0.887
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 287. 287. 289. -1.77 3.00 0.265 0.743 0.825 0.979 0.992 0.873

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
Data not available
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RMSE SCORE
Data not available
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CRU time series (TS) high-resolution gridded datasets

  Version:
4.02

  Institutions:
Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK

  Source:
monthly observations at meteorological stations across the world land areas

  History:
2019-05-06: downloaded source from https://crudata.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/hrg/cru_ts_4.02/
2019-05-06: converted to netCDF with https://gist.github.com/nocollier/d73585731756fa472731065389af45dc

  References:
Harris, I., P.D. Jones, T.J. Osborn and D.H. Lister (2014), Updated high-resolution grids of monthly climatic observations - the CRU TS3.10 Dataset, International Journal of Climatology, 34(3), 623-642, doi:10.1002/joc.3711

  Comments:
time_period: 1960-01 through 2017-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
original_units: C
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: K

  Convention:
CF-1.7