Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 266.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 265. 265. 266. -1.10 2.97 0.118 0.828 0.856 0.992 0.970 0.901
CanESM5 [-] 266. 267. 266. 0.926 3.89 0.190 0.780 0.833 0.987 0.715 0.830
CESM2 [-] 268. 268. 266. 269. 2.42 3.78 0.0929 0.806 0.813 0.994 1.00 0.885
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 266. 266. 266. 0.215 2.82 0.138 0.844 0.860 0.991 0.977 0.907
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 265. 265. 266. -0.203 4.17 0.188 0.805 0.797 0.987 0.688 0.815
MeanCMIP6 [-] 266. 266. 266. 0.105 2.78 0.105 0.837 0.899 0.993 0.770 0.880
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 270. 270. 266. 3.88 5.20 0.0896 0.688 0.838 0.994 0.851 0.841
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 268. 268. 266. 1.73 2.95 0.0886 0.827 0.870 0.994 0.994 0.911
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 264. 264. 266. -1.40 3.35 0.150 0.823 0.825 0.990 0.926 0.878
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 281.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 277. 281. 281. 245. 0.692 2.65 0.620 0.669 0.767 0.923 1.00 0.825
CanESM5 [-] 276. 281. 281. 244. 0.709 3.65 0.615 0.588 0.728 0.926 0.999 0.794
CESM2 [-] 279. 283. 281. 243. 286. 2.68 3.36 0.623 0.587 0.768 0.927 0.998 0.810
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 278. 281. 281. 261. 0.423 2.39 0.577 0.707 0.751 0.931 0.999 0.828
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 276. 280. 281. 241. 0.459 3.05 0.737 0.650 0.749 0.911 1.00 0.812
MeanCMIP6 [-] 277. 281. 281. 244. 0.613 2.70 0.476 0.666 0.814 0.946 1.00 0.848
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 280. 283. 281. 257. 2.97 3.87 0.637 0.561 0.759 0.918 0.995 0.798
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 278. 283. 281. 239. 2.19 2.98 0.587 0.620 0.761 0.932 1.00 0.815
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 275. 280. 281. 241. -0.513 3.00 0.593 0.636 0.745 0.933 0.994 0.811
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 290.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 290. 290. 290. 0.766 2.15 0.594 0.723 0.795 0.946 0.980 0.848
CanESM5 [-] 288. 288. 290. -1.01 3.24 0.595 0.605 0.775 0.944 0.945 0.809
CESM2 [-] 292. 292. 290. 292. 2.04 2.68 0.479 0.648 0.799 0.958 0.999 0.841
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 290. 290. 290. 0.406 2.32 0.548 0.722 0.761 0.957 0.992 0.839
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 290. 289. 290. -0.235 2.35 0.733 0.702 0.777 0.927 0.997 0.836
MeanCMIP6 [-] 290. 290. 290. -0.118 2.47 0.443 0.725 0.830 0.967 0.843 0.839
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 291. 291. 290. 1.66 2.66 0.558 0.666 0.781 0.949 0.990 0.833
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 293. 293. 290. 2.98 3.46 0.476 0.555 0.760 0.960 0.986 0.804
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 288. 288. 290. -1.64 2.88 0.613 0.636 0.795 0.942 0.949 0.824
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 276.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 275. 276. 276. 0.00699 2.86 0.110 0.764 0.849 0.992 0.960 0.883
CanESM5 [-] 273. 273. 276. -2.12 5.13 0.207 0.629 0.793 0.986 0.804 0.801
CESM2 [-] 279. 279. 276. 283. 3.80 4.17 0.203 0.634 0.876 0.985 1.00 0.874
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 276. 276. 276. 0.462 2.60 0.154 0.781 0.851 0.990 0.980 0.891
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 274. 274. 276. -1.15 3.84 0.307 0.712 0.814 0.979 0.834 0.830
MeanCMIP6 [-] 276. 276. 276. 0.476 2.60 0.141 0.769 0.891 0.991 0.961 0.901
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 279. 279. 276. 3.79 4.91 0.133 0.604 0.845 0.987 0.956 0.847
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 279. 278. 276. 2.99 3.65 0.192 0.680 0.845 0.986 0.994 0.870
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 274. 274. 276. -1.05 3.09 0.252 0.749 0.842 0.981 0.978 0.878
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 278.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 279. 280. 278. 2.35 4.25 0.760 0.449 0.716 0.907 0.822 0.722
CanESM5 [-] 280. 282. 278. 3.99 5.04 0.828 0.417 0.698 0.910 0.825 0.709
CESM2 [-] 281. 282. 278. 279. 3.13 3.93 0.747 0.458 0.763 0.916 0.913 0.763
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 279. 279. 278. 1.17 3.06 0.684 0.529 0.728 0.919 0.932 0.767
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 278. 280. 278. 2.46 4.76 0.577 0.423 0.689 0.941 0.791 0.707
MeanCMIP6 [-] 280. 280. 278. -2.56 8.17 0.396 0.410 0.794 0.966 0.328 0.658
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 282. 284. 278. 5.61 5.93 1.19 0.361 0.750 0.835 0.934 0.726
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 279. 279. 278. 1.84 3.44 0.539 0.508 0.742 0.950 0.848 0.758
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 281. 282. 278. 2.91 4.29 0.395 0.458 0.726 0.971 0.824 0.741
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 277.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 276. 276. 277. 0.344 2.88 0.191 0.721 0.824 0.985 0.931 0.857
CanESM5 [-] 278. 278. 277. 1.72 3.49 0.203 0.691 0.810 0.985 0.953 0.850
CESM2 [-] 279. 279. 277. 278. 2.63 3.16 0.338 0.689 0.850 0.975 0.991 0.871
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 276. 277. 277. -0.0611 2.12 0.179 0.785 0.864 0.985 0.991 0.898
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 277. 277. 277. 0.803 3.19 0.367 0.737 0.779 0.973 0.953 0.844
MeanCMIP6 [-] 277. 277. 277. -0.0427 3.35 0.154 0.732 0.872 0.989 0.794 0.852
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 280. 280. 277. 3.52 4.41 0.228 0.613 0.822 0.977 0.974 0.841
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 278. 278. 277. 1.25 2.22 0.276 0.774 0.861 0.979 0.996 0.894
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 276. 276. 277. 0.0569 3.07 0.257 0.743 0.798 0.981 0.935 0.851
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 294.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 295. 295. 294. 2.12 2.76 2.01 0.210 0.538 0.700 0.866 0.570
CanESM5 [-] 297. 296. 294. 3.37 3.87 1.60 0.0913 0.483 0.775 0.944 0.555
CESM2 [-] 295. 296. 294. 295. 1.92 2.29 2.26 0.165 0.539 0.655 0.980 0.576
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 294. 295. 294. 0.542 1.98 1.82 0.273 0.490 0.720 0.984 0.592
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 295. 295. 294. 1.95 2.47 1.92 0.158 0.597 0.719 0.963 0.607
MeanCMIP6 [-] 295. 295. 294. -1.09 4.80 1.30 0.174 0.640 0.827 0.223 0.501
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 296. 296. 294. 2.54 2.99 2.77 0.148 0.447 0.553 1.00 0.519
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 295. 295. 294. 1.55 2.26 1.55 0.213 0.582 0.792 0.958 0.625
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 296. 296. 294. 2.42 2.85 1.33 0.136 0.511 0.824 0.993 0.595
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 292.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 293. 293. 292. 1.64 2.49 1.44 0.435 0.620 0.798 0.924 0.680
CanESM5 [-] 294. 294. 292. 2.09 3.28 1.37 0.353 0.544 0.809 0.877 0.626
CESM2 [-] 295. 294. 292. 295. 2.46 2.84 1.27 0.334 0.625 0.828 1.00 0.682
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 293. 293. 292. 0.360 1.97 1.28 0.530 0.565 0.825 0.974 0.692
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 293. 293. 292. 1.32 2.26 1.51 0.434 0.637 0.782 0.967 0.692
MeanCMIP6 [-] 293. 293. 292. -0.374 3.80 1.12 0.414 0.678 0.850 0.424 0.609
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 294. 294. 292. 2.22 2.86 1.39 0.347 0.622 0.807 0.993 0.678
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 294. 293. 292. 1.86 2.46 1.31 0.420 0.595 0.822 0.975 0.681
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 293. 293. 292. 1.35 2.44 1.29 0.422 0.581 0.831 0.939 0.671
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 256.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 257. 257. 256. 1.10 3.72 0.109 0.861 0.832 0.992 0.884 0.880
CanESM5 [-] 257. 258. 256. 1.30 4.54 0.112 0.798 0.835 0.992 0.992 0.890
CESM2 [-] 260. 260. 256. 257. 3.84 5.32 0.196 0.767 0.812 0.987 0.978 0.871
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 258. 258. 256. 2.09 3.63 0.0530 0.843 0.851 0.996 0.974 0.903
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 258. 258. 256. 1.60 4.64 0.110 0.813 0.822 0.993 0.988 0.887
MeanCMIP6 [-] 258. 258. 256. 1.14 3.75 0.0561 0.843 0.878 0.996 0.982 0.916
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 261. 261. 256. 4.78 5.76 0.0583 0.716 0.853 0.996 0.927 0.869
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 259. 259. 256. 3.19 4.38 0.0833 0.796 0.846 0.994 0.955 0.888
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 254. 254. 256. -2.51 4.47 0.0770 0.798 0.820 0.995 0.994 0.885
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 277.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 277. 277. 277. 0.582 2.80 0.165 0.724 0.834 0.987 0.972 0.870
CanESM5 [-] 277. 276. 277. 0.278 3.67 0.188 0.681 0.809 0.984 0.902 0.837
CESM2 [-] 280. 280. 277. 284. 3.15 3.57 0.396 0.645 0.861 0.970 1.00 0.867
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 277. 277. 277. 0.122 2.32 0.203 0.773 0.856 0.984 0.993 0.892
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 276. 276. 277. -0.0755 3.35 0.400 0.714 0.808 0.969 0.898 0.839
MeanCMIP6 [-] 277. 277. 277. 0.210 3.06 0.141 0.730 0.883 0.989 0.937 0.884
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 280. 280. 277. 3.77 4.54 0.194 0.591 0.831 0.981 0.993 0.845
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 278. 278. 277. 1.92 2.81 0.378 0.715 0.850 0.973 0.998 0.877
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 276. 275. 277. -0.579 2.89 0.242 0.724 0.826 0.979 0.972 0.865

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
Data not available
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BIAS SCORE
Data not available
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RMSE
Data not available
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RMSE SCORE
Data not available
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CRU time series (TS) high-resolution gridded datasets

  Version:
4.02

  Institutions:
Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK

  Source:
monthly observations at meteorological stations across the world land areas

  History:
2019-05-06: downloaded source from https://crudata.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/hrg/cru_ts_4.02/
2019-05-06: converted to netCDF with https://gist.github.com/nocollier/d73585731756fa472731065389af45dc

  References:
Harris, I., P.D. Jones, T.J. Osborn and D.H. Lister (2014), Updated high-resolution grids of monthly climatic observations - the CRU TS3.10 Dataset, International Journal of Climatology, 34(3), 623-642, doi:10.1002/joc.3711

  Comments:
time_period: 1960-01 through 2017-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
original_units: C
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: K

  Convention:
CF-1.7