Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 10.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 9.19 9.20 10.5 -1.69 2.48 1.61 0.469 0.461 0.756 0.990 0.628
CanESM5 [-] 9.56 9.33 10.5 -1.70 3.33 1.30 0.333 0.451 0.820 0.826 0.576
CESM2 [-] 8.08 8.08 10.6 6.98 -2.68 3.04 1.80 0.290 0.530 0.710 0.984 0.609
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 8.21 8.20 10.5 -2.35 2.72 1.67 0.334 0.587 0.767 0.986 0.652
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 9.20 9.16 10.5 -1.80 3.75 1.97 0.381 0.286 0.705 0.931 0.518
MeanCMIP6 [-] 8.37 8.40 10.5 -2.42 2.75 1.19 0.315 0.589 0.820 0.991 0.661
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 6.45 6.36 10.5 -4.36 4.61 2.22 0.127 0.544 0.640 0.935 0.558
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 7.73 7.76 10.5 -3.04 3.35 1.46 0.238 0.577 0.795 0.954 0.628
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 9.16 9.23 10.5 -1.69 2.77 1.31 0.429 0.405 0.799 0.989 0.606
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 11.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 10.2 10.7 11.7 6.00 -1.52 2.87 1.52 0.435 0.446 0.790 0.960 0.615
CanESM5 [-] 10.9 11.3 11.7 8.52 -1.17 3.91 1.60 0.295 0.413 0.777 0.790 0.538
CESM2 [-] 8.26 8.67 11.7 4.98 8.87 -3.24 3.56 1.46 0.231 0.552 0.796 0.910 0.608
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 8.25 9.03 11.7 4.33 -2.63 3.14 1.35 0.301 0.548 0.822 0.962 0.636
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 8.69 8.79 11.7 8.13 -3.41 4.25 1.59 0.241 0.475 0.773 0.967 0.586
MeanCMIP6 [-] 9.20 9.59 11.7 6.07 -2.50 2.95 1.22 0.317 0.588 0.839 0.978 0.662
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 8.53 9.00 11.7 5.61 -3.09 4.03 1.52 0.231 0.522 0.785 0.901 0.592
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 8.19 8.66 11.7 3.79 -3.45 3.71 1.38 0.230 0.578 0.810 0.935 0.626
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 10.7 11.0 11.7 8.19 -1.29 3.13 1.47 0.382 0.463 0.792 0.911 0.602
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 14.1
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 13.8 13.8 14.1 -1.03 2.73 1.63 0.415 0.453 0.779 0.768 0.574
CanESM5 [-] 17.0 17.1 14.1 2.05 4.60 1.77 0.228 0.341 0.759 0.509 0.435
CESM2 [-] 10.9 10.9 14.2 9.14 -3.46 3.82 1.37 0.166 0.558 0.821 0.973 0.615
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 11.4 11.4 14.1 -2.77 3.45 1.44 0.233 0.547 0.809 0.923 0.612
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 10.8 10.9 14.1 -3.76 4.12 1.39 0.168 0.543 0.817 0.926 0.599
MeanCMIP6 [-] 13.0 13.0 14.1 -1.60 2.50 1.24 0.363 0.583 0.844 0.907 0.656
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 14.4 14.5 14.1 -0.200 3.12 1.50 0.313 0.490 0.795 0.689 0.555
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 10.6 10.6 14.1 -4.04 4.27 1.57 0.156 0.574 0.777 0.987 0.614
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 15.6 15.6 14.1 0.759 2.91 1.67 0.413 0.480 0.757 0.698 0.566
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 13.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 12.0 12.0 13.7 -1.88 3.14 1.49 0.441 0.393 0.798 0.987 0.602
CanESM5 [-] 15.8 15.7 13.7 1.13 4.18 2.02 0.260 0.388 0.701 0.566 0.461
CESM2 [-] 9.55 9.49 13.7 10.4 -4.25 4.43 1.62 0.157 0.608 0.758 0.825 0.591
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 11.8 11.7 13.7 -2.01 2.88 1.77 0.349 0.557 0.734 0.972 0.634
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 11.2 11.1 13.7 -2.87 3.57 2.07 0.310 0.537 0.688 0.929 0.600
MeanCMIP6 [-] 11.9 11.9 13.7 -2.03 2.47 1.43 0.411 0.614 0.803 0.994 0.687
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 10.9 10.9 13.7 -2.98 3.77 1.68 0.292 0.427 0.755 0.977 0.575
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 10.8 10.8 13.7 -3.18 3.41 1.60 0.253 0.613 0.778 0.980 0.647
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 14.2 14.2 13.7 0.0761 2.94 1.64 0.421 0.460 0.766 0.807 0.583
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 7.99
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 7.50 7.23 7.99 -2.44 3.43 1.76 0.282 0.473 0.756 0.723 0.541
CanESM5 [-] 5.55 6.37 7.99 -3.45 3.95 1.89 0.193 0.449 0.732 0.876 0.540
CESM2 [-] 6.31 6.72 8.31 6.01 -2.11 2.61 1.22 0.332 0.588 0.834 0.951 0.659
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 5.94 5.73 7.99 -2.27 2.75 1.72 0.304 0.532 0.762 0.974 0.621
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 5.08 5.06 7.99 -3.90 4.50 1.98 0.189 0.490 0.700 0.921 0.558
MeanCMIP6 [-] 5.98 5.84 7.99 -3.13 3.32 1.46 0.211 0.588 0.800 0.975 0.632
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.37 4.45 7.99 -4.21 4.27 1.50 0.113 0.630 0.793 0.886 0.610
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 6.04 6.08 7.99 -2.85 3.19 1.73 0.281 0.532 0.743 0.971 0.612
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 6.09 6.19 7.99 -3.30 3.52 2.27 0.203 0.537 0.640 0.969 0.577
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 9.94
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 9.24 9.30 9.94 -1.50 2.89 1.98 0.444 0.454 0.717 0.867 0.587
CanESM5 [-] 7.99 8.22 9.94 -2.55 3.47 2.11 0.333 0.463 0.683 0.884 0.565
CESM2 [-] 7.97 7.98 10.0 6.95 -2.31 2.61 1.60 0.356 0.633 0.778 0.914 0.662
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 7.14 7.15 9.94 -2.79 3.11 1.86 0.291 0.598 0.738 0.985 0.642
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 7.39 7.52 9.94 -3.12 3.86 2.53 0.283 0.463 0.589 0.964 0.553
MeanCMIP6 [-] 7.75 7.76 9.94 -2.72 2.98 1.69 0.306 0.628 0.765 0.988 0.663
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 6.49 6.57 9.94 -3.78 4.09 1.56 0.211 0.559 0.793 0.978 0.620
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 7.42 7.40 9.94 -3.10 3.35 1.67 0.254 0.588 0.746 0.982 0.632
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 8.31 8.33 9.94 -2.32 3.09 2.11 0.375 0.487 0.683 0.949 0.596
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 9.60
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 9.31 9.33 9.61 -1.74 3.76 1.79 0.158 0.380 0.731 0.551 0.440
CanESM5 [-] 6.13 6.41 9.61 -4.42 4.79 2.20 0.112 0.375 0.659 0.793 0.463
CESM2 [-] 7.54 7.51 9.74 8.00 -2.63 3.02 1.37 0.187 0.363 0.814 0.950 0.535
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 6.55 6.48 9.61 -3.13 3.45 1.58 0.163 0.411 0.767 0.903 0.531
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 4.57 4.61 9.61 -5.74 5.83 1.88 0.0414 0.530 0.715 0.924 0.548
MeanCMIP6 [-] 6.42 6.36 9.60 -4.06 4.15 1.53 0.0791 0.532 0.776 0.946 0.573
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.41 4.58 9.61 -5.51 5.55 1.98 0.0325 0.484 0.704 0.909 0.523
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 6.19 6.23 9.61 -4.22 4.35 1.51 0.0789 0.510 0.779 0.959 0.567
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 5.96 6.04 9.61 -4.47 4.57 2.12 0.0566 0.487 0.671 0.957 0.532
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 11.0
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 10.6 10.6 11.0 -1.51 2.76 1.44 0.443 0.494 0.808 0.709 0.589
CanESM5 [-] 8.95 9.00 11.0 -3.13 4.14 1.51 0.240 0.429 0.802 0.695 0.519
CESM2 [-] 8.32 8.35 11.1 7.88 -3.10 3.46 1.27 0.240 0.508 0.840 0.953 0.610
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 8.20 8.12 11.0 -2.84 3.26 1.04 0.284 0.519 0.874 0.939 0.627
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 6.80 6.96 11.0 -4.79 5.02 1.15 0.122 0.535 0.853 0.923 0.593
MeanCMIP6 [-] 8.55 8.55 11.0 -3.22 3.43 1.11 0.228 0.584 0.867 0.921 0.637
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 7.77 7.82 11.0 -3.88 4.28 1.30 0.208 0.533 0.825 0.800 0.580
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 8.24 8.25 11.0 -3.60 3.79 1.12 0.202 0.575 0.867 0.948 0.633
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 9.34 9.44 11.0 -2.56 3.57 1.29 0.264 0.507 0.836 0.701 0.563
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 9.74
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 7.21 7.22 9.75 -2.71 3.78 1.01 0.403 0.337 0.873 0.413 0.472
CanESM5 [-] 8.48 8.40 9.75 -1.86 3.57 0.947 0.393 0.377 0.867 0.723 0.547
CESM2 [-] 5.66 5.68 9.79 7.09 -4.24 4.52 1.69 0.164 0.503 0.726 0.386 0.456
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 7.00 7.02 9.75 -2.73 3.31 1.05 0.380 0.487 0.876 0.433 0.533
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 8.59 8.65 9.75 -1.54 3.87 1.06 0.427 0.278 0.870 0.637 0.498
MeanCMIP6 [-] 7.13 7.15 9.74 -2.85 3.39 0.927 0.365 0.480 0.877 0.394 0.519
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 5.43 5.42 9.75 -4.51 4.79 1.43 0.166 0.543 0.774 0.267 0.458
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 6.41 6.42 9.75 -3.61 4.01 1.21 0.296 0.504 0.843 0.495 0.529
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 8.50 8.50 9.75 -1.62 3.41 0.880 0.505 0.302 0.879 0.573 0.512
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 11.9
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 10.6 10.6 11.8 -1.89 3.12 1.45 0.452 0.458 0.793 0.961 0.624
CanESM5 [-] 10.9 11.2 11.8 -1.41 3.34 1.65 0.403 0.500 0.766 0.825 0.599
CESM2 [-] 8.78 8.79 11.9 8.10 -3.29 3.51 1.32 0.271 0.643 0.826 0.746 0.626
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 9.17 9.16 11.8 -2.69 3.13 1.29 0.331 0.615 0.832 0.990 0.677
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 9.19 9.28 11.8 -3.15 4.10 1.99 0.287 0.532 0.694 0.956 0.600
MeanCMIP6 [-] 9.72 9.75 11.9 -2.54 2.89 1.25 0.361 0.656 0.832 0.990 0.699
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 8.82 8.87 11.8 -3.34 3.83 1.31 0.288 0.545 0.830 0.984 0.639
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 9.38 9.38 11.8 -2.93 3.24 1.52 0.322 0.640 0.776 0.977 0.671
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 11.3 11.3 11.8 -1.18 2.84 1.50 0.454 0.503 0.791 0.911 0.632

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CRU time series (TS) high-resolution gridded datasets

  Version:
4.02

  Institutions:
Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK

  Source:
monthly observations of 2-meter maximum and minimum air temperature at meteorological stations across the world land areas

  History:
2019-05-06: downloaded source from https://crudata.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/hrg/cru_ts_4.02/
2019-05-06: converted to netCDF with https://gist.github.com/nocollier/d73585731756fa472731065389af45dc

  References:
Harris, I., P.D. Jones, T.J. Osborn and D.H. Lister (2014), Updated high-resolution grids of monthly climatic observations - the CRU TS3.10 Dataset, International Journal of Climatology, 34(3), 623-642, doi:10.1002/joc.3711

  Comments:
time_period: 1960-01 through 2017-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
original_units: C
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: K

  Convention:
CF-1.7