Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.56
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.98 1.98 1.56 0.438 0.668 0.974 0.705 0.691 0.875 0.914 0.775
CanESM5 [-] 1.89 1.92 1.56 0.387 0.790 0.941 0.640 0.620 0.882 0.919 0.736
CESM2 [-] 2.03 2.05 1.56 0.534 0.802 1.06 0.653 0.672 0.852 0.734 0.717
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 2.23 2.23 1.56 0.679 0.901 0.923 0.538 0.634 0.889 0.836 0.706
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.22 2.25 1.56 0.726 1.01 0.937 0.552 0.601 0.890 0.587 0.646
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.04 2.08 1.56 0.548 0.732 0.734 0.618 0.712 0.916 0.923 0.776
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.25 2.27 1.56 0.711 1.06 0.943 0.547 0.574 0.875 0.888 0.692
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 2.28 2.29 1.56 0.745 1.01 0.960 0.501 0.595 0.877 0.850 0.684
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.88 1.91 1.56 0.380 0.689 0.886 0.696 0.689 0.892 0.931 0.779
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 2.02 2.00 1.56 0.489 0.776 0.882 0.638 0.632 0.886 0.866 0.731
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 2.04
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.26 2.26 2.04 0.659 0.363 1.25 1.63 0.649 0.593 0.764 0.903 0.700
CanESM5 [-] 2.26 2.24 2.04 0.714 0.342 1.41 1.58 0.628 0.558 0.813 0.852 0.682
CESM2 [-] 2.23 2.23 2.04 1.19 0.338 1.12 1.41 0.702 0.615 0.841 0.911 0.737
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 2.41 2.40 2.04 1.07 0.362 1.19 1.42 0.674 0.600 0.838 0.933 0.729
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.54 2.54 2.04 1.19 0.586 1.42 1.45 0.628 0.596 0.819 0.757 0.679
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.27 2.27 2.04 0.798 0.362 0.971 1.28 0.706 0.678 0.851 0.938 0.770
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.57 2.56 2.04 0.783 0.620 1.40 1.55 0.638 0.573 0.793 0.916 0.699
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.99 1.99 2.04 0.576 0.113 1.19 1.41 0.660 0.605 0.811 0.931 0.723
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.13 2.12 2.04 0.871 0.212 1.12 1.42 0.705 0.609 0.838 0.950 0.742
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 2.15 2.15 2.04 0.624 0.281 1.16 1.49 0.693 0.605 0.815 0.905 0.724
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.648
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.798 0.824 0.650 0.198 0.638 1.65 0.683 0.596 0.802 0.703 0.676
CanESM5 [-] 0.795 0.798 0.650 0.165 0.754 2.08 0.658 0.545 0.772 0.485 0.601
CESM2 [-] 0.769 0.760 0.650 0.121 0.520 1.86 0.760 0.637 0.817 0.894 0.749
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.796 0.800 0.650 0.149 0.601 1.63 0.733 0.599 0.817 0.786 0.707
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.10 1.00 0.650 0.344 0.847 1.66 0.603 0.550 0.808 0.504 0.603
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.796 0.788 0.648 0.157 0.515 1.43 0.718 0.673 0.850 0.755 0.734
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.09 1.07 0.650 0.447 0.866 1.56 0.594 0.534 0.831 0.506 0.600
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.419 0.423 0.650 -0.185 0.577 1.43 0.684 0.639 0.822 0.858 0.728
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.818 0.781 0.650 0.137 0.618 1.77 0.681 0.622 0.820 0.711 0.691
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.624 0.631 0.650 0.00504 0.554 1.66 0.738 0.637 0.819 0.673 0.701
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.584
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.01 0.986 0.583 0.409 0.697 1.94 0.576 0.527 0.710 0.568 0.582
CanESM5 [-] 0.796 0.764 0.583 0.197 0.617 1.93 0.620 0.531 0.698 0.655 0.607
CESM2 [-] 0.875 0.849 0.583 0.278 0.557 1.39 0.614 0.588 0.773 0.807 0.674
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.861 0.851 0.583 0.269 0.594 1.87 0.599 0.520 0.687 0.784 0.622
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.06 0.981 0.583 0.395 0.752 1.86 0.518 0.507 0.707 0.502 0.548
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.926 0.884 0.584 0.306 0.546 1.69 0.606 0.603 0.733 0.810 0.671
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.31 1.24 0.583 0.679 0.935 1.64 0.476 0.512 0.744 0.526 0.554
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.706 0.708 0.583 0.127 0.592 1.93 0.625 0.520 0.716 0.792 0.634
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.885 0.843 0.583 0.267 0.660 1.97 0.579 0.526 0.683 0.722 0.607
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.643 0.677 0.583 0.110 0.453 1.57 0.688 0.609 0.734 0.750 0.678
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 4.48
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 5.81 6.16 4.48 1.19 2.86 1.41 0.580 0.592 0.801 0.829 0.679
CanESM5 [-] 6.40 5.63 4.48 0.573 2.90 1.33 0.583 0.579 0.832 0.810 0.676
CESM2 [-] 6.71 6.90 4.48 2.17 3.15 1.36 0.555 0.545 0.817 0.952 0.683
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 5.58 5.61 4.48 1.12 2.40 1.40 0.613 0.614 0.807 0.958 0.721
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 6.99 8.69 4.48 3.19 4.63 1.36 0.447 0.540 0.816 0.386 0.546
MeanCMIP6 [-] 6.28 6.41 4.48 1.52 2.40 1.33 0.611 0.677 0.809 0.958 0.746
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 5.80 5.95 4.48 0.948 2.86 1.85 0.539 0.608 0.730 0.777 0.652
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 5.80 5.80 4.48 1.15 2.33 1.55 0.612 0.640 0.782 0.964 0.728
NorESM2-LM [-] 5.64 5.35 4.48 0.707 2.38 1.42 0.641 0.598 0.796 0.880 0.702
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 7.10 7.02 4.48 2.40 3.41 1.56 0.509 0.566 0.802 0.872 0.663
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 2.49
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.72 2.75 2.49 0.316 1.05 2.02 0.736 0.648 0.717 0.880 0.726
CanESM5 [-] 3.34 3.17 2.49 0.684 1.36 1.35 0.641 0.603 0.814 0.633 0.659
CESM2 [-] 2.99 2.97 2.49 0.576 1.17 1.36 0.709 0.642 0.813 0.707 0.702
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 3.24 3.25 2.49 0.751 1.18 1.30 0.651 0.665 0.828 0.824 0.727
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 3.38 3.30 2.49 0.851 1.50 1.37 0.610 0.574 0.798 0.645 0.640
MeanCMIP6 [-] 3.08 3.07 2.49 0.636 1.00 1.12 0.696 0.708 0.851 0.868 0.766
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 3.27 3.24 2.49 0.778 1.35 1.34 0.614 0.604 0.814 0.871 0.701
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 3.23 3.22 2.49 0.736 1.31 1.37 0.646 0.606 0.798 0.808 0.693
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.67 2.74 2.49 0.313 0.999 1.34 0.731 0.654 0.819 0.929 0.758
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.13 3.17 2.49 0.764 1.22 1.40 0.656 0.636 0.807 0.698 0.687
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 7.29
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 7.23 7.17 7.31 0.181 3.93 2.81 0.565 0.465 0.527 0.509 0.506
CanESM5 [-] 7.72 7.35 7.31 0.410 4.06 1.47 0.557 0.470 0.799 0.393 0.538
CESM2 [-] 8.44 8.43 7.31 1.31 3.54 1.41 0.606 0.516 0.797 0.555 0.598
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 7.27 7.29 7.31 -0.0184 2.92 1.69 0.662 0.536 0.773 0.786 0.659
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 10.7 10.4 7.31 2.62 5.16 1.78 0.509 0.570 0.732 0.101 0.496
MeanCMIP6 [-] 7.53 7.56 7.29 0.475 2.50 1.51 0.663 0.644 0.783 0.727 0.692
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 6.95 6.88 7.31 -0.292 2.64 1.79 0.698 0.572 0.725 0.922 0.698
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 6.32 6.29 7.31 -0.574 2.93 1.92 0.639 0.575 0.709 0.699 0.639
NorESM2-LM [-] 6.77 6.69 7.31 -0.233 3.27 1.33 0.599 0.515 0.823 0.769 0.645
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 7.48 7.50 7.31 0.413 3.13 1.53 0.688 0.535 0.795 0.794 0.669
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 3.87
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 4.37 4.36 3.88 0.598 2.44 1.32 0.640 0.575 0.807 0.811 0.681
CanESM5 [-] 4.28 4.37 3.88 0.576 2.83 1.32 0.632 0.532 0.826 0.715 0.647
CESM2 [-] 4.08 4.09 3.88 0.312 1.93 1.00 0.757 0.614 0.875 0.923 0.756
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 4.23 4.27 3.88 0.392 2.19 0.981 0.731 0.581 0.876 0.943 0.742
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 4.64 4.57 3.88 0.693 2.19 1.09 0.713 0.621 0.860 0.794 0.722
MeanCMIP6 [-] 4.24 4.24 3.87 0.450 1.64 0.929 0.762 0.675 0.879 0.970 0.792
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.79 4.79 3.88 0.914 2.46 1.27 0.679 0.572 0.821 0.934 0.715
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 3.45 3.45 3.88 -0.218 2.01 1.11 0.717 0.622 0.851 0.895 0.742
NorESM2-LM [-] 3.97 3.98 3.88 0.214 2.04 1.00 0.758 0.596 0.865 0.950 0.753
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 4.15 4.10 3.88 0.302 2.09 1.21 0.729 0.606 0.832 0.885 0.732
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.864
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.26 1.27 0.863 0.386 0.526 0.853 0.556 0.650 0.900 0.967 0.745
CanESM5 [-] 1.20 1.20 0.863 0.311 0.563 0.978 0.608 0.564 0.881 0.959 0.715
CESM2 [-] 1.32 1.32 0.863 0.434 0.588 1.01 0.536 0.608 0.879 0.912 0.708
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 1.35 1.37 0.863 0.504 0.736 1.05 0.444 0.512 0.872 0.886 0.645
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.43 1.44 0.863 0.551 0.807 1.10 0.477 0.510 0.865 0.669 0.606
MeanCMIP6 [-] 1.28 1.30 0.864 0.413 0.596 0.875 0.534 0.595 0.898 0.947 0.714
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.38 1.39 0.863 0.476 0.748 1.22 0.528 0.485 0.836 0.884 0.644
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.38 1.38 0.863 0.497 0.749 0.942 0.447 0.503 0.880 0.848 0.636
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.25 1.26 0.863 0.363 0.521 0.909 0.582 0.627 0.900 0.929 0.733
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.18 1.18 0.863 0.300 0.547 0.959 0.590 0.564 0.886 0.949 0.711
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.46
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.90 1.88 1.46 0.404 0.922 1.77 0.691 0.609 0.751 0.726 0.677
CanESM5 [-] 2.01 1.92 1.46 0.424 1.12 1.46 0.626 0.586 0.790 0.506 0.619
CESM2 [-] 1.84 1.85 1.46 0.367 0.932 1.46 0.689 0.606 0.787 0.734 0.684
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 2.00 1.99 1.46 0.533 0.932 1.61 0.636 0.628 0.785 0.833 0.702
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.19 2.17 1.46 0.678 1.24 1.38 0.568 0.569 0.803 0.613 0.625
MeanCMIP6 [-] 1.95 1.94 1.46 0.474 0.844 1.36 0.666 0.667 0.813 0.820 0.727
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.38 2.35 1.46 0.891 1.33 1.57 0.505 0.569 0.769 0.605 0.603
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.81 1.81 1.46 0.349 0.976 1.57 0.659 0.576 0.775 0.814 0.680
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.79 1.75 1.46 0.275 0.936 1.61 0.676 0.589 0.783 0.773 0.682
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.83 1.80 1.46 0.341 0.853 1.50 0.706 0.621 0.784 0.754 0.697

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MEAN
Data not available
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BIAS
Data not available
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BIAS SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available

SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CPC Merged Analysis of Precipitation (excludes NCEP Reanalysis)

  Version:
1904

  Institutions:
NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA

  Source:
Merged Precipitation with gauge observations, a variety of satellite observations and the NCEP–NCAR reanalysis

  History:
2019-04-30: downloaded source from https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.cmap.html#detail
2019-07-01: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-pr-cmap.py

  References:
Xie, P., and P.A. Arkin (1997), Global precipitation: A 17-year monthly analysis based on gauge observations, satellite estimates, and numerical model outputs, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78, 2539-2558
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  Comments:
time_period: 1979-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 2.5 degree
original_units: mm/day
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: kg/m2/s

  Convention:
CF-1.7