Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.61
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.98 1.98 1.60 1.09 0.394 0.717 1.01 0.730 0.701 0.863 0.961 0.791
CanESM5 [-] 1.89 1.93 1.60 1.22 0.342 0.790 0.998 0.677 0.659 0.863 0.962 0.764
CESM2 [-] 2.03 2.05 1.60 1.05 0.487 0.780 1.02 0.692 0.697 0.861 0.881 0.766
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 2.23 2.24 1.60 1.93 0.635 0.861 0.941 0.602 0.679 0.879 0.944 0.756
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.22 2.25 1.60 1.22 0.677 0.965 0.896 0.612 0.645 0.887 0.774 0.712
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.04 2.08 1.61 1.17 0.500 0.703 0.716 0.677 0.746 0.910 0.975 0.811
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.26 2.27 1.60 1.68 0.666 1.07 0.965 0.578 0.617 0.867 0.949 0.726
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 2.28 2.29 1.60 1.32 0.700 0.952 0.889 0.569 0.644 0.889 0.954 0.740
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.88 1.91 1.60 1.16 0.331 0.716 0.948 0.711 0.700 0.878 0.962 0.790
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 2.02 2.00 1.60 1.14 0.443 0.718 0.838 0.697 0.687 0.887 0.965 0.784
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 2.26
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.26 2.41 2.26 0.860 0.250 1.38 1.50 0.659 0.601 0.772 0.943 0.715
CanESM5 [-] 2.26 2.42 2.26 0.841 0.256 1.58 1.48 0.632 0.566 0.805 0.915 0.697
CESM2 [-] 2.24 2.39 2.26 0.838 0.238 1.17 1.29 0.719 0.635 0.843 0.963 0.759
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 2.40 2.53 2.26 1.68 0.268 1.28 1.26 0.687 0.618 0.844 0.953 0.744
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.54 2.74 2.26 0.905 0.547 1.52 1.30 0.647 0.611 0.834 0.848 0.710
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.27 2.43 2.26 0.929 0.265 1.06 1.11 0.715 0.684 0.857 0.961 0.780
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.58 2.73 2.26 1.31 0.534 1.55 1.41 0.639 0.585 0.798 0.941 0.710
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.99 2.14 2.26 0.531 -0.00410 1.27 1.25 0.675 0.623 0.817 0.934 0.734
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.13 2.25 2.26 1.00 0.0829 1.25 1.33 0.704 0.618 0.835 0.945 0.744
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 2.16 2.32 2.26 0.755 0.167 1.20 1.32 0.713 0.630 0.820 0.957 0.750
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.650
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.800 0.825 0.650 1.33 0.199 0.668 1.64 0.700 0.614 0.812 0.767 0.701
CanESM5 [-] 0.792 0.795 0.650 1.36 0.162 0.765 2.04 0.681 0.572 0.792 0.547 0.633
CESM2 [-] 0.771 0.762 0.650 1.00 0.120 0.538 1.79 0.776 0.659 0.835 0.924 0.771
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.796 0.799 0.650 1.15 0.149 0.610 1.58 0.746 0.624 0.832 0.837 0.733
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.10 1.01 0.650 1.14 0.346 0.849 1.64 0.625 0.582 0.827 0.568 0.637
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.797 0.789 0.650 1.33 0.155 0.535 1.35 0.735 0.689 0.873 0.812 0.760
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.09 1.07 0.650 1.57 0.447 0.888 1.64 0.621 0.560 0.826 0.567 0.627
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.419 0.422 0.650 0.270 -0.184 0.578 1.35 0.712 0.657 0.840 0.889 0.751
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.816 0.779 0.650 0.951 0.132 0.640 1.74 0.701 0.642 0.836 0.770 0.718
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.625 0.631 0.650 1.60 0.00459 0.575 1.63 0.751 0.652 0.837 0.728 0.724
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.543
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.01 0.989 0.542 0.722 0.451 0.714 2.00 0.594 0.561 0.698 0.575 0.598
CanESM5 [-] 0.799 0.767 0.542 0.461 0.241 0.627 1.93 0.625 0.557 0.686 0.632 0.612
CESM2 [-] 0.875 0.850 0.542 0.427 0.315 0.560 1.37 0.637 0.620 0.763 0.824 0.693
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.859 0.849 0.542 0.806 0.309 0.573 1.70 0.640 0.565 0.716 0.790 0.655
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.06 0.980 0.542 0.496 0.435 0.712 1.83 0.546 0.548 0.706 0.505 0.571
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.926 0.885 0.543 0.503 0.347 0.549 1.59 0.625 0.640 0.745 0.810 0.692
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.31 1.24 0.542 0.672 0.721 0.959 1.60 0.514 0.556 0.759 0.496 0.576
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.708 0.709 0.542 0.488 0.168 0.552 1.75 0.657 0.560 0.754 0.814 0.669
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.884 0.843 0.542 0.439 0.306 0.666 1.91 0.601 0.558 0.684 0.736 0.627
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.644 0.679 0.542 0.295 0.152 0.442 1.54 0.712 0.650 0.750 0.749 0.703
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 6.42
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 5.81 6.16 6.42 -0.825 4.00 1.42 0.501 0.596 0.799 0.898 0.678
CanESM5 [-] 6.37 5.60 6.42 4.57 -1.37 4.34 1.41 0.476 0.611 0.823 0.890 0.682
CESM2 [-] 6.71 6.90 6.42 0.212 2.91 1.22 0.630 0.663 0.846 0.848 0.730
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 5.57 5.60 6.42 4.44 -0.805 2.99 1.35 0.597 0.650 0.830 0.738 0.693
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 7.01 8.71 6.42 1.25 4.90 1.10 0.502 0.634 0.885 0.710 0.673
MeanCMIP6 [-] 6.28 6.41 6.42 5.14 -0.417 3.14 1.06 0.562 0.696 0.870 0.792 0.723
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 5.81 5.96 6.42 4.99 -0.967 4.09 1.32 0.468 0.637 0.854 0.905 0.700
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 5.81 5.82 6.42 -0.717 2.96 1.45 0.575 0.685 0.812 0.751 0.701
NorESM2-LM [-] 5.63 5.35 6.42 5.37 -1.23 3.41 1.10 0.553 0.626 0.883 0.529 0.644
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 7.10 7.02 6.42 0.456 3.28 1.36 0.604 0.652 0.827 0.934 0.734
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 2.78
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.72 2.75 2.78 2.44 0.0294 1.15 1.94 0.736 0.667 0.737 0.955 0.752
CanESM5 [-] 3.34 3.18 2.78 2.79 0.402 1.46 1.35 0.668 0.634 0.808 0.837 0.716
CESM2 [-] 2.98 2.97 2.78 2.09 0.289 1.12 1.35 0.747 0.677 0.817 0.906 0.765
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 3.24 3.25 2.78 3.26 0.466 1.13 1.31 0.712 0.692 0.824 0.961 0.776
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 3.39 3.30 2.78 2.60 0.574 1.48 1.39 0.657 0.617 0.791 0.853 0.707
MeanCMIP6 [-] 3.08 3.08 2.78 2.49 0.349 0.993 1.11 0.744 0.731 0.846 0.969 0.804
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 3.27 3.24 2.78 2.33 0.493 1.40 1.46 0.651 0.637 0.783 0.957 0.733
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 3.23 3.21 2.78 3.05 0.445 1.23 1.29 0.702 0.652 0.805 0.955 0.753
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.67 2.75 2.78 2.34 0.0284 1.08 1.27 0.732 0.680 0.827 0.955 0.775
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.13 3.17 2.78 2.46 0.482 1.17 1.44 0.715 0.677 0.803 0.898 0.754
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 8.41
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 7.22 7.16 8.43 -0.961 4.35 2.68 0.592 0.486 0.560 0.841 0.593
CanESM5 [-] 7.70 7.33 8.43 -0.727 4.70 1.88 0.543 0.483 0.719 0.767 0.599
CESM2 [-] 8.45 8.44 8.43 0.198 3.73 1.53 0.634 0.546 0.775 0.885 0.677
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 7.25 7.26 8.43 10.4 -1.16 3.42 1.59 0.636 0.567 0.775 0.976 0.704
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 10.7 10.4 8.43 1.51 5.44 1.74 0.519 0.568 0.745 0.226 0.525
MeanCMIP6 [-] 7.53 7.55 8.41 9.93 -0.653 3.07 1.59 0.647 0.631 0.771 0.966 0.729
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 6.96 6.89 8.43 -1.41 3.57 2.03 0.623 0.557 0.683 0.888 0.661
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 6.32 6.29 8.43 -1.70 3.84 2.00 0.595 0.571 0.692 0.952 0.676
NorESM2-LM [-] 6.75 6.67 8.43 9.77 -1.38 3.97 1.51 0.571 0.533 0.784 0.966 0.678
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 7.48 7.50 8.43 -0.716 3.40 1.65 0.665 0.567 0.764 0.976 0.708
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 4.11
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 4.37 4.36 4.12 4.53 0.353 2.61 1.31 0.642 0.588 0.813 0.917 0.710
CanESM5 [-] 4.27 4.36 4.12 3.83 0.330 2.99 1.34 0.634 0.546 0.821 0.848 0.679
CESM2 [-] 4.09 4.09 4.12 4.13 0.0674 2.01 1.03 0.752 0.635 0.869 0.974 0.773
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 4.23 4.26 4.12 4.76 0.143 2.33 0.994 0.719 0.601 0.869 0.966 0.751
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 4.64 4.58 4.12 3.83 0.468 2.34 1.10 0.717 0.633 0.861 0.902 0.749
MeanCMIP6 [-] 4.24 4.24 4.11 4.13 0.206 1.81 0.960 0.751 0.678 0.874 0.961 0.789
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.79 4.79 4.12 5.41 0.681 2.61 1.28 0.686 0.582 0.821 0.961 0.726
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 3.46 3.45 4.12 1.06 -0.452 2.18 1.14 0.718 0.632 0.839 0.954 0.755
NorESM2-LM [-] 3.97 3.97 4.12 3.25 -0.0439 2.19 1.09 0.751 0.610 0.851 0.967 0.758
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 4.15 4.10 4.12 3.46 0.0594 2.22 1.25 0.730 0.620 0.825 0.957 0.750
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.859
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.26 1.27 0.858 0.914 0.390 0.516 0.760 0.577 0.688 0.906 0.963 0.764
CanESM5 [-] 1.20 1.20 0.858 0.861 0.316 0.525 0.868 0.624 0.618 0.886 0.960 0.741
CESM2 [-] 1.32 1.32 0.858 0.972 0.440 0.561 0.865 0.548 0.654 0.892 0.915 0.733
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 1.35 1.37 0.858 0.869 0.510 0.704 0.908 0.473 0.558 0.894 0.890 0.675
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.44 1.44 0.858 1.11 0.556 0.769 0.942 0.495 0.560 0.893 0.686 0.639
MeanCMIP6 [-] 1.29 1.30 0.859 0.937 0.420 0.563 0.714 0.553 0.653 0.912 0.949 0.744
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.39 1.39 0.858 0.839 0.483 0.728 1.10 0.541 0.527 0.865 0.878 0.667
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.38 1.38 0.858 1.29 0.503 0.712 0.832 0.473 0.553 0.896 0.848 0.665
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.25 1.26 0.858 0.861 0.367 0.497 0.776 0.601 0.665 0.899 0.931 0.752
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.18 1.18 0.858 1.06 0.309 0.513 0.860 0.603 0.616 0.894 0.951 0.736
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.52
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.90 1.88 1.52 1.66 0.355 0.947 1.70 0.711 0.636 0.773 0.841 0.719
CanESM5 [-] 2.01 1.92 1.52 1.63 0.369 1.16 1.52 0.651 0.605 0.787 0.645 0.659
CESM2 [-] 1.84 1.85 1.52 1.62 0.311 0.920 1.36 0.705 0.643 0.812 0.851 0.731
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 1.99 1.98 1.52 2.49 0.472 0.890 1.49 0.694 0.663 0.807 0.933 0.752
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.19 2.17 1.52 1.85 0.623 1.19 1.26 0.610 0.608 0.826 0.753 0.681
MeanCMIP6 [-] 1.95 1.94 1.52 1.82 0.416 0.826 1.28 0.701 0.699 0.833 0.920 0.771
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.38 2.35 1.52 2.60 0.837 1.31 1.57 0.553 0.611 0.775 0.749 0.660
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.81 1.81 1.52 1.36 0.294 0.926 1.46 0.697 0.621 0.802 0.919 0.732
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.78 1.75 1.52 1.69 0.214 0.958 1.60 0.691 0.619 0.790 0.883 0.720
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.83 1.80 1.52 2.25 0.284 0.839 1.41 0.732 0.660 0.805 0.870 0.745

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
BIAS
Data not available
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BIAS SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
GPCC Full Data Reanalysis Version 2018 0.5x0.5 Monthly Total

  Version:
v2018

  Institutions:
Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC)

  Source:
GPCC Precipitation 0.5 degree V2018 Full Reanalysis

  History:
2020-10-07: downloaded source from ftp://ftp.cdc.noaa.gov/Datasets/gpcc/full_v2018/precip.mon.total.v2018.nc
2020-10-07: converted to netCDF, original data is divided by days in a month for a mean monthly rate.

  References:
Schneider, Udo and Finger, Peter and Meyer-Christoffer, Anja and Rustemeier, Elke and Ziese, Markus and Becker, Andreas (2017), Evaluating the Hydrological Cycle over Land Using the Newly-Corrected Precipitation Climatology from the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC), Atmosphere, 12, doi:10.3390/atmos8030052

  Comments:
time_period: 1980-01 through 2016-12
temporal_resolution: monthly
spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
units: mm d-1

  Convention:
CF-1.8