Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.92
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.98 1.98 1.92 0.0749 0.658 1.20 0.715 0.684 0.831 0.971 0.777
CanESM5 [-] 1.89 1.92 1.92 0.0200 0.773 1.19 0.681 0.629 0.814 0.970 0.745
CESM2 [-] 2.03 2.05 1.92 0.169 0.683 1.12 0.695 0.695 0.830 0.860 0.755
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 2.23 2.23 1.92 0.311 0.744 1.20 0.687 0.641 0.822 0.944 0.747
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.22 2.25 1.92 0.361 0.889 1.16 0.644 0.610 0.833 0.728 0.685
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.04 2.08 1.93 0.180 0.588 0.975 0.725 0.713 0.854 0.981 0.797
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.25 2.27 1.92 0.344 0.974 1.16 0.607 0.587 0.829 0.953 0.713
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 2.28 2.29 1.92 0.375 0.812 1.16 0.679 0.611 0.826 0.951 0.735
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.88 1.91 1.92 0.0122 0.625 1.04 0.728 0.692 0.846 0.981 0.788
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 2.02 2.00 1.92 0.123 0.640 1.14 0.738 0.656 0.827 0.959 0.767
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 2.30
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.26 2.26 2.30 0.106 1.22 1.55 0.649 0.598 0.783 0.944 0.714
CanESM5 [-] 2.26 2.24 2.30 0.0844 1.39 1.67 0.637 0.565 0.802 0.911 0.696
CESM2 [-] 2.23 2.23 2.30 0.0797 1.04 1.41 0.701 0.632 0.846 0.961 0.754
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 2.41 2.40 2.30 0.104 1.11 1.42 0.699 0.610 0.834 0.965 0.743
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.54 2.54 2.30 0.329 1.34 1.56 0.641 0.600 0.813 0.844 0.699
MeanCMIP6 [-] 2.27 2.27 2.30 0.107 0.896 1.29 0.721 0.686 0.857 0.972 0.784
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.57 2.56 2.30 0.362 1.36 1.61 0.641 0.573 0.787 0.950 0.705
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.99 1.99 2.30 -0.144 1.15 1.40 0.677 0.611 0.814 0.954 0.733
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.13 2.12 2.30 -0.0457 1.08 1.41 0.698 0.621 0.840 0.967 0.749
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 2.15 2.15 2.30 0.0234 1.09 1.45 0.706 0.618 0.826 0.955 0.745
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.699
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.798 0.824 0.699 0.148 0.651 1.61 0.702 0.600 0.805 0.724 0.686
CanESM5 [-] 0.795 0.798 0.699 0.116 0.766 2.13 0.668 0.553 0.768 0.508 0.610
CESM2 [-] 0.769 0.760 0.699 0.0715 0.531 1.89 0.770 0.641 0.817 0.908 0.756
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.796 0.800 0.699 0.0994 0.595 1.60 0.746 0.613 0.825 0.810 0.721
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.10 1.00 0.699 0.295 0.847 1.62 0.615 0.559 0.813 0.525 0.614
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.796 0.788 0.699 0.107 0.525 1.41 0.728 0.676 0.858 0.776 0.743
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.09 1.07 0.699 0.397 0.862 1.51 0.615 0.544 0.844 0.531 0.615
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.419 0.423 0.699 -0.234 0.609 1.33 0.675 0.638 0.839 0.867 0.731
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.818 0.781 0.699 0.0878 0.639 1.84 0.687 0.625 0.813 0.729 0.696
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.624 0.631 0.699 -0.0449 0.579 1.63 0.739 0.639 0.828 0.696 0.708
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.657
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.01 0.986 0.657 0.335 0.615 1.63 0.665 0.580 0.760 0.466 0.610
CanESM5 [-] 0.796 0.764 0.657 0.123 0.577 1.85 0.681 0.558 0.685 0.558 0.608
CESM2 [-] 0.875 0.849 0.657 0.200 0.514 1.25 0.661 0.623 0.779 0.742 0.686
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.861 0.851 0.657 0.194 0.505 1.39 0.689 0.582 0.770 0.702 0.665
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.06 0.981 0.657 0.323 0.678 1.75 0.570 0.550 0.714 0.401 0.557
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.926 0.884 0.659 0.232 0.464 1.26 0.687 0.657 0.799 0.722 0.704
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.31 1.24 0.657 0.604 0.856 1.34 0.565 0.559 0.788 0.423 0.579
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.706 0.708 0.657 0.0529 0.532 1.56 0.669 0.574 0.781 0.711 0.662
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.885 0.843 0.657 0.192 0.599 1.63 0.631 0.580 0.725 0.648 0.633
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.643 0.677 0.657 0.0360 0.432 1.52 0.690 0.643 0.756 0.653 0.677
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 6.94
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 5.81 6.16 6.94 -1.30 3.23 1.36 0.543 0.571 0.826 0.508 0.604
CanESM5 [-] 6.40 5.63 6.94 -1.90 3.77 1.56 0.484 0.579 0.774 0.503 0.584
CESM2 [-] 6.71 6.90 6.94 -0.332 2.13 0.961 0.718 0.667 0.869 0.710 0.726
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 5.58 5.61 6.94 -1.33 2.53 1.65 0.633 0.627 0.758 0.840 0.697
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 6.99 8.69 6.94 0.734 3.94 1.09 0.521 0.607 0.848 0.177 0.552
MeanCMIP6 [-] 6.28 6.41 6.93 -0.933 2.21 1.04 0.663 0.689 0.867 0.742 0.730
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 5.80 5.95 6.94 -1.52 3.19 1.54 0.534 0.622 0.774 0.468 0.604
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 5.80 5.80 6.94 -1.30 2.39 1.26 0.642 0.676 0.830 0.820 0.729
NorESM2-LM [-] 5.64 5.35 6.94 -1.76 2.93 1.07 0.596 0.602 0.860 0.958 0.723
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 7.10 7.02 6.94 -0.0771 2.38 1.43 0.694 0.644 0.803 0.535 0.664
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 3.09
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 2.72 2.75 3.09 -0.284 1.10 1.76 0.676 0.679 0.751 0.923 0.742
CanESM5 [-] 3.34 3.17 3.09 0.0859 1.31 1.66 0.706 0.628 0.759 0.687 0.682
CESM2 [-] 2.99 2.97 3.09 -0.0212 1.11 1.44 0.694 0.689 0.799 0.764 0.727
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 3.24 3.25 3.09 0.153 1.03 1.50 0.739 0.674 0.784 0.878 0.750
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 3.38 3.30 3.09 0.254 1.36 1.67 0.668 0.614 0.751 0.702 0.670
MeanCMIP6 [-] 3.08 3.07 3.09 0.0396 0.879 1.34 0.750 0.732 0.813 0.911 0.787
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 3.27 3.24 3.09 0.180 1.26 1.80 0.679 0.617 0.731 0.911 0.711
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 3.23 3.22 3.09 0.137 1.13 1.59 0.740 0.642 0.769 0.860 0.730
NorESM2-LM [-] 2.67 2.74 3.09 -0.285 1.02 1.47 0.707 0.693 0.796 0.959 0.770
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.13 3.17 3.09 0.167 1.12 1.46 0.704 0.670 0.796 0.754 0.719
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 8.43
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 7.23 7.17 8.43 -0.939 3.87 2.50 0.571 0.450 0.597 0.403 0.494
CanESM5 [-] 7.72 7.35 8.43 -0.717 4.14 1.49 0.524 0.456 0.791 0.317 0.509
CESM2 [-] 8.44 8.43 8.43 0.188 3.25 1.21 0.592 0.517 0.835 0.451 0.582
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 7.27 7.29 8.43 -1.14 3.00 1.49 0.617 0.535 0.792 0.689 0.634
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 10.7 10.4 8.43 1.49 5.11 1.61 0.458 0.543 0.765 0.0757 0.477
MeanCMIP6 [-] 7.53 7.56 8.41 -0.643 2.51 1.20 0.637 0.626 0.840 0.609 0.668
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 6.95 6.88 8.43 -1.42 3.05 1.80 0.597 0.534 0.719 0.852 0.647
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 6.32 6.29 8.43 -1.71 3.49 1.75 0.551 0.550 0.747 0.590 0.597
NorESM2-LM [-] 6.77 6.69 8.43 -1.35 3.43 1.28 0.568 0.497 0.825 0.652 0.608
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 7.48 7.50 8.43 -0.708 3.06 1.37 0.646 0.536 0.828 0.679 0.645
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 4.15
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 4.37 4.36 4.15 0.330 2.46 1.27 0.633 0.580 0.821 0.791 0.681
CanESM5 [-] 4.28 4.37 4.15 0.306 2.83 1.28 0.624 0.541 0.836 0.698 0.648
CESM2 [-] 4.08 4.09 4.15 0.0398 1.89 0.925 0.745 0.628 0.892 0.915 0.762
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 4.23 4.27 4.15 0.122 2.16 0.913 0.717 0.596 0.888 0.930 0.745
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 4.64 4.57 4.15 0.424 2.17 1.09 0.709 0.628 0.866 0.779 0.722
MeanCMIP6 [-] 4.24 4.24 4.14 0.180 1.61 0.854 0.748 0.688 0.893 0.964 0.796
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 4.79 4.79 4.15 0.645 2.39 1.18 0.683 0.579 0.841 0.928 0.722
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 3.45 3.45 4.15 -0.486 2.06 1.05 0.703 0.627 0.861 0.885 0.741
NorESM2-LM [-] 3.97 3.98 4.15 -0.0573 2.01 0.950 0.748 0.609 0.878 0.943 0.757
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 4.15 4.10 4.15 0.0313 2.07 1.16 0.727 0.615 0.842 0.875 0.735
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.10
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.26 1.27 1.10 0.152 0.435 0.912 0.680 0.693 0.880 0.940 0.778
CanESM5 [-] 1.20 1.20 1.10 0.0769 0.481 0.923 0.692 0.632 0.878 0.943 0.755
CESM2 [-] 1.32 1.32 1.10 0.201 0.442 0.903 0.682 0.685 0.889 0.977 0.783
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 1.35 1.37 1.10 0.270 0.598 1.14 0.618 0.569 0.818 0.973 0.709
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 1.43 1.44 1.10 0.319 0.674 1.15 0.608 0.560 0.846 0.857 0.686
MeanCMIP6 [-] 1.28 1.30 1.10 0.179 0.464 0.876 0.675 0.661 0.877 0.967 0.768
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 1.38 1.39 1.10 0.242 0.697 1.26 0.570 0.528 0.801 0.957 0.677
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.38 1.38 1.10 0.265 0.611 1.01 0.613 0.565 0.850 0.963 0.711
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.25 1.26 1.10 0.130 0.403 0.826 0.705 0.695 0.898 0.975 0.794
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.18 1.18 1.10 0.0666 0.437 1.07 0.720 0.630 0.842 0.964 0.757
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [mm d-1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [mm d-1]
Bias [mm d-1]
RMSE [mm d-1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 1.73
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 1.90 1.88 1.73 0.131 0.882 1.41 0.710 0.651 0.803 0.755 0.714
CanESM5 [-] 2.01 1.92 1.73 0.149 1.10 1.46 0.655 0.613 0.788 0.536 0.641
CESM2 [-] 1.84 1.85 1.73 0.0937 0.929 1.31 0.660 0.651 0.816 0.759 0.707
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 2.00 1.99 1.73 0.259 0.791 1.21 0.727 0.672 0.841 0.858 0.754
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 2.19 2.17 1.73 0.402 1.12 1.50 0.639 0.607 0.784 0.642 0.656
MeanCMIP6 [-] 1.95 1.94 1.74 0.200 0.747 1.02 0.715 0.715 0.865 0.845 0.771
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 2.38 2.35 1.73 0.617 1.20 1.60 0.581 0.604 0.754 0.637 0.636
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 1.81 1.81 1.73 0.0753 0.886 1.23 0.711 0.631 0.825 0.842 0.728
NorESM2-LM [-] 1.79 1.75 1.73 0.000508 0.920 1.33 0.662 0.642 0.823 0.800 0.714
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 1.83 1.80 1.73 0.0664 0.821 1.18 0.690 0.674 0.839 0.782 0.732

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
Data not available
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BIAS SCORE
Data not available
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RMSE
Data not available
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RMSE SCORE
Data not available
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
GPCP Version 2.3 Combined Precipitation Dataset (Final)

  Version:
2.3

  Institutions:
NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA
ESSIC/CICS, University of Maryland, USA

  Source:
GPCC gauge analysis to bias correct satellite estimates over land and merge with satellite based on sampling

  History:
2019-04-18: downloaded source from http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.gpcp.html
2019-05-09: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-pr-gpcp.py

  References:
Adler, R.F., G.J. Huffman, A. Chang, R. Ferraro, P. Xie, J. Janowiak, B. Rudolf, U. Schneider, S. Curtis, D. Bolvin, A. Gruber, J. Susskind, P. Arkin (2003), The Version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979 - Present), J. Hydrometeor., 4(6), 1147-1167
2} }

  Comments:
time_period: 1979-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 2.5x2.5 degree
original_units: mm/day
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5x0.5 degree
final_units: kg/m2/s

  Convention:
CF-1.7