Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 272.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 270. 270. 272. -1.96 3.21 0.111 0.806 0.852 0.992 0.944 0.889
CanESM5 [-] 272. 272. 272. 0.360 3.04 0.150 0.826 0.845 0.990 0.772 0.856
CESM2 [-] 273. 273. 272. 1.01 2.94 0.162 0.880 0.818 0.989 0.960 0.893
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 271. 271. 272. -0.920 2.62 0.0903 0.858 0.864 0.994 0.982 0.912
MeanCMIP6 [-] 271. 271. 272. -0.492 2.06 0.0866 0.881 0.885 0.994 0.966 0.922
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 273. 273. 272. 1.68 3.83 0.103 0.767 0.841 0.993 0.784 0.845
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 272. 272. 272. 0.114 2.29 0.123 0.874 0.869 0.992 0.966 0.914
NorESM2-LM [-] 272. 272. 272. 0.806 3.22 0.258 0.871 0.809 0.983 0.921 0.879
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 270. 269. 272. -2.04 3.29 0.112 0.807 0.841 0.992 0.896 0.875
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 287.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 282. 286. 287. 248. -0.363 2.36 0.529 0.716 0.739 0.939 0.999 0.826
CanESM5 [-] 282. 286. 287. 249. -0.0366 2.84 0.547 0.678 0.698 0.935 1.00 0.802
CESM2 [-] 283. 287. 287. 245. 0.929 2.28 0.538 0.724 0.758 0.944 0.999 0.837
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 282. 286. 287. 263. -0.862 2.32 0.476 0.699 0.729 0.948 0.999 0.821
MeanCMIP6 [-] 282. 286. 287. 249. -0.0707 1.80 0.393 0.760 0.790 0.958 1.00 0.860
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 284. 288. 287. 260. 1.21 2.94 0.523 0.647 0.740 0.940 0.999 0.813
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 282. 287. 287. 241. 0.219 2.20 0.500 0.707 0.737 0.945 1.00 0.825
NorESM2-LM [-] 283. 287. 287. 248. 0.786 2.63 0.614 0.692 0.739 0.938 1.00 0.822
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 281. 285. 287. 245. -0.994 2.50 0.488 0.692 0.737 0.946 0.994 0.821
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 297.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 297. 297. 297. -0.0892 1.86 0.558 0.790 0.762 0.949 0.984 0.850
CanESM5 [-] 296. 296. 297. -0.711 2.54 0.670 0.723 0.720 0.929 0.989 0.816
CESM2 [-] 297. 297. 297. 0.262 1.79 0.414 0.770 0.787 0.963 1.00 0.861
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 296. 296. 297. -0.741 2.04 0.605 0.769 0.746 0.951 1.00 0.843
MeanCMIP6 [-] 297. 297. 297. -0.153 1.59 0.453 0.790 0.806 0.965 1.00 0.873
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 299. 299. 297. 1.33 2.36 0.598 0.703 0.769 0.943 1.00 0.837
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 298. 298. 297. 0.744 1.99 0.504 0.758 0.749 0.958 0.992 0.841
NorESM2-LM [-] 297. 297. 297. -0.206 2.22 0.528 0.714 0.778 0.953 0.999 0.844
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 296. 296. 297. -0.939 2.10 0.513 0.729 0.788 0.959 0.982 0.849
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 283.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 282. 282. 283. -0.960 2.85 0.117 0.786 0.843 0.989 0.973 0.887
CanESM5 [-] 281. 281. 283. -1.68 4.37 0.176 0.710 0.781 0.984 0.887 0.829
CESM2 [-] 284. 284. 283. 1.70 2.61 0.174 0.776 0.874 0.982 1.00 0.901
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 283. 283. 283. -0.248 2.34 0.168 0.814 0.861 0.985 0.991 0.902
MeanCMIP6 [-] 283. 283. 283. 0.174 2.28 0.105 0.814 0.877 0.989 0.990 0.910
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 285. 285. 283. 2.28 4.12 0.124 0.686 0.836 0.987 0.942 0.857
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 284. 284. 283. 1.24 2.68 0.145 0.783 0.848 0.987 0.997 0.892
NorESM2-LM [-] 285. 285. 283. 2.01 3.35 0.192 0.736 0.843 0.982 0.997 0.880
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 282. 282. 283. -0.698 2.64 0.152 0.788 0.863 0.987 0.992 0.898
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 283.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 283. 284. 282. 0.711 3.65 0.757 0.500 0.685 0.920 0.839 0.726
CanESM5 [-] 283. 285. 282. 2.12 3.96 0.751 0.529 0.619 0.912 0.851 0.706
CESM2 [-] 284. 285. 282. 1.87 2.91 0.762 0.535 0.717 0.909 0.942 0.764
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 282. 282. 282. -0.143 2.53 0.800 0.577 0.704 0.905 0.952 0.768
MeanCMIP6 [-] 284. 284. 283. 1.22 2.77 0.684 0.572 0.760 0.922 0.909 0.785
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 284. 286. 282. 3.16 3.95 0.879 0.497 0.718 0.894 0.961 0.758
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 282. 282. 282. 0.100 2.76 0.767 0.547 0.711 0.910 0.891 0.754
NorESM2-LM [-] 284. 285. 282. 2.04 3.61 0.641 0.520 0.690 0.940 0.855 0.739
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 284. 285. 282. 1.17 3.29 0.625 0.562 0.683 0.937 0.853 0.744
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 282.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 281. 281. 282. -0.639 2.63 0.251 0.777 0.806 0.977 0.963 0.866
CanESM5 [-] 282. 282. 282. 0.516 2.44 0.257 0.789 0.825 0.977 0.985 0.880
CESM2 [-] 283. 283. 282. 1.37 2.24 0.444 0.788 0.844 0.963 0.994 0.887
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 280. 280. 282. -1.55 2.34 0.238 0.776 0.856 0.978 0.998 0.893
MeanCMIP6 [-] 281. 282. 282. -0.109 1.70 0.200 0.833 0.874 0.982 0.988 0.910
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 284. 283. 282. 1.46 2.96 0.231 0.741 0.821 0.979 0.978 0.868
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 281. 281. 282. -0.504 1.85 0.339 0.820 0.862 0.970 0.998 0.902
NorESM2-LM [-] 283. 283. 282. 1.41 2.50 0.613 0.778 0.832 0.954 0.974 0.874
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 281. 281. 282. -0.973 2.60 0.331 0.789 0.815 0.973 0.964 0.871
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 299.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 299. 299. 299. 0.551 1.81 1.74 0.227 0.459 0.752 0.871 0.554
CanESM5 [-] 300. 300. 299. 1.08 2.27 1.84 0.152 0.366 0.719 0.873 0.495
CESM2 [-] 299. 299. 299. 0.155 1.23 1.96 0.374 0.521 0.719 0.978 0.623
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 298. 298. 299. -1.28 1.92 1.97 0.205 0.466 0.687 0.966 0.558
MeanCMIP6 [-] 298. 298. 299. -0.0793 1.29 1.54 0.357 0.561 0.774 0.982 0.647
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 298. 298. 299. -0.637 1.88 2.11 0.229 0.415 0.689 0.948 0.539
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 297. 297. 299. -0.936 1.94 1.93 0.183 0.515 0.698 0.858 0.554
NorESM2-LM [-] 299. 299. 299. 0.297 1.43 1.85 0.337 0.498 0.737 0.990 0.612
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 299. 299. 299. 0.186 1.56 1.77 0.281 0.411 0.724 0.968 0.559
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 298.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 298. 298. 298. 0.327 1.71 1.10 0.514 0.576 0.855 0.958 0.696
CanESM5 [-] 298. 298. 298. 0.277 2.30 0.993 0.479 0.481 0.870 0.876 0.637
CESM2 [-] 298. 298. 298. 0.600 1.57 0.959 0.546 0.603 0.890 0.991 0.727
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 297. 297. 298. -1.15 1.98 0.818 0.460 0.506 0.901 0.984 0.671
MeanCMIP6 [-] 298. 298. 298. -0.0141 1.32 0.726 0.600 0.635 0.913 0.994 0.755
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 298. 298. 298. -0.138 2.06 1.01 0.455 0.577 0.878 0.977 0.693
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 297. 297. 298. -0.326 1.88 0.852 0.479 0.523 0.893 0.961 0.676
NorESM2-LM [-] 298. 298. 298. 0.380 1.80 0.985 0.511 0.575 0.882 0.992 0.707
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 298. 298. 298. 0.0504 1.73 0.921 0.516 0.539 0.885 0.954 0.687
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 262.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 261. 261. 262. -0.205 3.72 0.103 0.882 0.806 0.993 0.992 0.896
CanESM5 [-] 262. 263. 262. 0.724 4.02 0.117 0.827 0.823 0.992 0.942 0.881
CESM2 [-] 263. 263. 262. 1.78 4.35 0.238 0.840 0.794 0.984 0.988 0.880
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 262. 262. 262. 0.640 3.35 0.0291 0.873 0.832 0.998 0.991 0.905
MeanCMIP6 [-] 262. 262. 262. 0.252 3.00 0.0482 0.892 0.852 0.997 0.998 0.918
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 264. 264. 262. 2.50 4.29 0.0289 0.805 0.834 0.998 0.998 0.894
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 263. 263. 262. 1.27 3.67 0.102 0.849 0.830 0.993 0.990 0.899
NorESM2-LM [-] 263. 263. 262. 1.41 4.60 0.305 0.826 0.791 0.979 0.973 0.872
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 259. 259. 262. -3.02 4.37 0.0635 0.786 0.823 0.996 0.984 0.883
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [K]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [K]
Model Period Mean (complement) [K]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [K]
Bias [K]
RMSE [K]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 283.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 282. 282. 283. -0.556 2.45 0.211 0.790 0.824 0.983 0.987 0.882
CanESM5 [-] 282. 282. 283. -0.407 2.93 0.235 0.763 0.812 0.981 0.955 0.865
CESM2 [-] 284. 284. 283. 1.42 2.32 0.378 0.774 0.860 0.971 1.00 0.893
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 282. 282. 283. -1.15 2.26 0.234 0.797 0.852 0.982 0.999 0.896
MeanCMIP6 [-] 283. 283. 283. 0.0513 1.83 0.193 0.824 0.878 0.985 0.995 0.912
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 285. 285. 283. 1.98 3.33 0.208 0.714 0.824 0.980 0.989 0.866
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 283. 283. 283. 0.226 2.00 0.391 0.815 0.851 0.970 0.999 0.897
NorESM2-LM [-] 285. 284. 283. 1.80 2.84 0.482 0.748 0.831 0.964 0.999 0.875
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 282. 281. 283. -1.03 2.47 0.233 0.784 0.840 0.981 0.989 0.887

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MEAN
Data not available
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BIAS
Data not available
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BIAS SCORE
Data not available
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RMSE
Data not available
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RMSE SCORE
Data not available
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CRU time series (TS) high-resolution gridded datasets

  Version:
4.02

  Institutions:
Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK

  Source:
monthly observations at meteorological stations across the world land areas

  History:
2019-05-06: downloaded source from https://crudata.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/hrg/cru_ts_4.02/
2019-05-07: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-tas-cru.py

  References:
Harris, I., P.D. Jones, T.J. Osborn and D.H. Lister (2014), Updated high-resolution grids of monthly climatic observations - the CRU TS3.10 Dataset, International Journal of Climatology, 34(3), 623-642, doi:10.1002/joc.3711

  Comments:
time_period: 1980-01 through 2017-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
original_units: C
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: K

  Convention:
CF-1.7