Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 263.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 262. 262. 263. -0.224 14.2 0.0835 0.870 0.790 0.994 0.998 0.889
CanESM5 [-] 261. 262. 263. 0.638 14.9 0.285 0.828 0.813 0.979 0.859 0.858
CESM2 [-] 272. 272. 263. 10.2 17.9 0.142 0.775 0.793 0.990 0.967 0.864
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 266. 267. 263. 4.21 15.4 0.193 0.827 0.805 0.987 0.946 0.874
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 264. 265. 263. 3.60 16.8 0.305 0.787 0.812 0.979 0.815 0.841
MeanCMIP6 [-] 263. 264. 263. 1.54 12.4 0.0920 0.867 0.851 0.994 0.972 0.907
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 269. 270. 263. 7.94 18.7 0.0752 0.759 0.807 0.995 0.947 0.863
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 270. 270. 263. 8.14 16.3 0.145 0.797 0.807 0.990 0.969 0.874
NorESM2-LM [-] 272. 272. 263. 10.5 19.3 0.0867 0.776 0.772 0.994 0.983 0.859
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 261. 261. 263. -0.963 11.5 0.202 0.863 0.839 0.986 0.986 0.903
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 316.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 308. 307. 316. -3.78 14.9 0.744 0.702 0.703 0.903 0.998 0.802
CanESM5 [-] 304. 303. 316. -6.57 18.9 0.886 0.646 0.667 0.886 0.999 0.773
CESM2 [-] 314. 314. 316. 3.77 14.9 0.690 0.691 0.696 0.917 0.997 0.799
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 314. 313. 316. -2.63 12.8 0.586 0.731 0.721 0.935 0.999 0.822
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 305. 304. 316. -5.24 17.1 1.04 0.650 0.699 0.860 0.998 0.781
MeanCMIP6 [-] 308. 308. 316. -2.76 12.1 0.639 0.728 0.751 0.919 0.999 0.829
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 317. 317. 316. 4.55 17.0 0.691 0.657 0.697 0.911 0.994 0.791
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 311. 311. 316. 0.425 12.9 0.636 0.732 0.728 0.923 0.999 0.822
NorESM2-LM [-] 315. 315. 316. 2.63 17.4 0.748 0.660 0.683 0.906 0.998 0.786
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 304. 304. 316. -6.02 13.8 0.760 0.704 0.718 0.913 0.999 0.811
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 358.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 346. 346. 358. -10.7 16.3 0.625 0.698 0.782 0.942 0.999 0.840
CanESM5 [-] 335. 334. 358. -21.6 26.5 0.920 0.559 0.727 0.895 0.991 0.779
CESM2 [-] 356. 356. 358. -0.954 12.6 0.745 0.766 0.792 0.923 0.993 0.853
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 354. 354. 358. -3.72 12.0 0.649 0.817 0.767 0.944 1.00 0.859
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 344. 343. 358. -13.8 20.4 0.755 0.654 0.741 0.916 0.999 0.810
MeanCMIP6 [-] 347. 347. 358. -9.77 13.0 0.466 0.706 0.826 0.959 1.00 0.863
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 356. 356. 358. -1.36 14.1 0.533 0.758 0.771 0.951 0.994 0.849
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 355. 355. 358. -1.52 11.8 0.508 0.810 0.781 0.956 0.999 0.865
NorESM2-LM [-] 350. 350. 358. -6.61 18.4 0.663 0.664 0.764 0.934 0.993 0.824
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 342. 342. 358. -14.4 17.9 0.815 0.661 0.775 0.923 0.999 0.827
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 291.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 281. 281. 291. -8.76 17.3 0.119 0.746 0.783 0.992 0.999 0.860
CanESM5 [-] 270. 271. 291. -16.8 25.0 0.286 0.641 0.754 0.980 0.974 0.821
CESM2 [-] 287. 288. 291. -1.81 14.3 0.231 0.787 0.806 0.984 0.991 0.875
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 285. 285. 291. -5.88 13.5 0.210 0.790 0.814 0.986 0.983 0.877
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 276. 277. 291. -11.9 20.8 0.421 0.711 0.770 0.971 0.939 0.832
MeanCMIP6 [-] 281. 281. 291. -8.70 14.1 0.212 0.752 0.832 0.986 0.994 0.879
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 291. 292. 291. 1.91 19.6 0.201 0.706 0.790 0.986 0.989 0.852
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 286. 286. 291. -3.04 12.8 0.210 0.798 0.827 0.986 0.994 0.886
NorESM2-LM [-] 287. 288. 291. -0.555 18.5 0.253 0.730 0.784 0.983 0.997 0.856
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 279. 280. 291. -9.30 17.0 0.238 0.734 0.802 0.984 0.998 0.864
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 318.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 317. 324. 318. 2.99 15.6 0.932 0.541 0.648 0.880 0.999 0.743
CanESM5 [-] 326. 334. 318. 11.6 20.4 0.703 0.505 0.580 0.940 0.992 0.719
CESM2 [-] 338. 340. 318. 18.5 21.7 0.822 0.412 0.636 0.906 0.998 0.718
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 318. 321. 318. 3.82 14.5 1.03 0.570 0.621 0.867 0.994 0.735
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 323. 333. 318. 13.1 21.9 0.773 0.439 0.648 0.927 0.981 0.729
MeanCMIP6 [-] 329. 331. 318. 9.57 15.7 0.990 0.549 0.707 0.873 0.999 0.767
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 327. 340. 318. 17.4 26.0 0.942 0.443 0.664 0.883 0.975 0.726
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 322. 324. 318. 7.42 14.6 1.08 0.550 0.644 0.860 0.999 0.739
NorESM2-LM [-] 334. 338. 318. 16.2 20.5 1.38 0.494 0.669 0.803 0.974 0.722
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 333. 336. 318. 12.1 17.1 0.574 0.531 0.664 0.953 0.999 0.762
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 310.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 306. 306. 310. -3.01 14.0 0.231 0.802 0.768 0.981 0.996 0.863
CanESM5 [-] 310. 309. 310. 0.550 14.0 0.317 0.780 0.783 0.972 0.998 0.863
CESM2 [-] 316. 316. 310. 7.30 14.4 0.331 0.766 0.784 0.975 1.00 0.862
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 308. 309. 310. -1.25 11.6 0.269 0.828 0.799 0.979 0.991 0.879
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 309. 309. 310. 1.94 15.3 0.612 0.753 0.777 0.954 0.998 0.852
MeanCMIP6 [-] 307. 309. 310. -0.0704 10.4 0.191 0.821 0.837 0.985 0.998 0.896
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 317. 315. 310. 6.13 15.9 0.287 0.745 0.791 0.974 0.999 0.860
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 311. 311. 310. 2.16 12.1 0.220 0.811 0.791 0.982 0.994 0.874
NorESM2-LM [-] 315. 316. 310. 7.27 15.7 0.301 0.765 0.774 0.976 0.999 0.858
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 307. 307. 310. -0.768 12.6 0.355 0.796 0.795 0.974 0.999 0.872
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 409.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 409. 409. 410. 2.07 12.3 2.34 0.373 0.393 0.624 1.00 0.557
CanESM5 [-] 420. 418. 410. 10.1 18.2 2.56 0.212 0.357 0.592 0.998 0.503
CESM2 [-] 418. 418. 410. 11.1 15.8 2.26 0.257 0.415 0.643 0.958 0.537
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 409. 409. 410. -0.317 11.2 2.14 0.375 0.423 0.669 0.898 0.558
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 409. 409. 410. 2.14 13.2 2.65 0.329 0.465 0.568 0.990 0.563
MeanCMIP6 [-] 412. 413. 409. 5.11 11.7 2.13 0.354 0.504 0.661 0.966 0.598
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 422. 419. 410. 9.42 16.0 2.01 0.248 0.447 0.702 0.985 0.566
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 407. 406. 410. -0.732 10.3 2.55 0.407 0.451 0.600 0.958 0.573
NorESM2-LM [-] 417. 416. 410. 9.54 16.4 2.71 0.258 0.432 0.549 0.977 0.530
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 410. 410. 410. 2.57 11.7 2.07 0.376 0.414 0.673 0.974 0.570
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 394.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 388. 387. 394. -4.06 13.3 1.85 0.613 0.585 0.721 0.989 0.699
CanESM5 [-] 389. 388. 394. -2.11 19.1 1.97 0.562 0.468 0.708 0.955 0.632
CESM2 [-] 396. 396. 394. 4.64 14.4 1.54 0.591 0.536 0.788 1.00 0.690
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 388. 388. 394. -5.35 12.2 1.14 0.618 0.586 0.853 0.999 0.729
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 386. 384. 394. -6.62 15.4 2.51 0.558 0.558 0.600 0.994 0.654
MeanCMIP6 [-] 389. 389. 394. -2.36 11.6 1.72 0.645 0.607 0.752 1.00 0.722
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 392. 392. 394. 0.416 14.1 1.71 0.583 0.605 0.746 0.997 0.707
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 388. 387. 394. -4.33 11.2 1.46 0.642 0.612 0.797 1.00 0.733
NorESM2-LM [-] 394. 393. 394. 2.70 16.0 1.70 0.571 0.529 0.762 0.999 0.678
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 387. 387. 394. -4.56 12.2 1.55 0.629 0.601 0.788 0.990 0.722
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 231.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 237. 237. 231. 6.77 16.4 0.167 0.846 0.785 0.989 0.999 0.881
CanESM5 [-] 231. 232. 231. 1.01 14.2 0.271 0.866 0.802 0.982 0.978 0.886
CESM2 [-] 245. 245. 231. 15.0 21.5 0.134 0.749 0.786 0.991 0.946 0.851
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 238. 238. 231. 7.42 15.6 0.107 0.835 0.806 0.993 0.970 0.882
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 237. 237. 231. 6.72 16.9 0.341 0.805 0.810 0.977 0.907 0.862
MeanCMIP6 [-] 235. 235. 231. 4.37 13.7 0.108 0.881 0.840 0.993 0.990 0.909
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 238. 239. 231. 7.64 16.1 0.0925 0.811 0.816 0.994 0.993 0.886
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 243. 243. 231. 13.4 19.6 0.175 0.762 0.809 0.988 0.954 0.864
NorESM2-LM [-] 246. 246. 231. 15.5 22.7 0.194 0.743 0.771 0.987 0.955 0.845
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 226. 226. 231. -4.26 11.3 0.172 0.876 0.841 0.988 0.985 0.907
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 305.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 297. 297. 305. -6.02 15.5 0.229 0.761 0.777 0.980 0.997 0.858
CanESM5 [-] 297. 294. 305. -7.48 18.3 0.357 0.712 0.766 0.968 0.989 0.840
CESM2 [-] 305. 304. 305. 1.35 12.9 0.283 0.799 0.794 0.977 0.997 0.872
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 300. 300. 305. -4.45 11.9 0.272 0.809 0.816 0.979 0.999 0.884
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 298. 296. 305. -5.12 17.4 0.520 0.727 0.769 0.958 0.981 0.841
MeanCMIP6 [-] 299. 298. 305. -4.32 11.7 0.224 0.775 0.830 0.982 0.998 0.883
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 310. 308. 305. 5.01 16.0 0.223 0.736 0.801 0.980 0.999 0.863
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 301. 301. 305. -1.84 11.9 0.264 0.814 0.801 0.979 1.00 0.879
NorESM2-LM [-] 307. 306. 305. 3.56 15.8 0.353 0.759 0.778 0.972 0.999 0.857
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 297. 297. 305. -5.61 14.4 0.316 0.765 0.784 0.976 1.00 0.862

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
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All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
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CanESM5
Data not available
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CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
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NorESM2-LM
Data not available
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UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CERES EBAF TOA and Surface Fluxes

  Version:
Ed4.1

  Institutions:
NASA Langley Research Center

  Source:
Monthly mean surface fluxes calculated by a radiative transfer model and constrained by the combined Terra and Aqua SSF1deg measurements

  History:
2019-06-25: downloaded source from https://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/products-info.php?product=EBAF
2019-08-13: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-llds-ceres.py

  References:
Loeb, N.G., D.R. Doelling, H. Wang, W. Su, C. Nguyen, J.G. Corbett, L. Liang, C. Mitrescu, F.G. Rose, and S. Kato (2018), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) Edition-4.0 Data Product, Journal of Climate, 31(2), 895-918, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0208.1

Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. E. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Su, and S.-H. Ham (2018), Surface irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) data product, Journal of Climate, 31, 4501-4527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1

  Comments:
time_period: 2000-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 1 degree
original_units: W m-2
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: W m-2

  Convention:
CF-1.7