Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 133.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 118. 118. 133. -15.9 25.5 0.644 0.804 0.778 0.952 0.973 0.857
CanESM5 [-] 143. 140. 133. 5.10 18.9 0.379 0.880 0.811 0.972 0.949 0.884
CESM2 [-] 131. 131. 133. -2.99 15.7 0.645 0.885 0.844 0.952 0.952 0.895
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 125. 125. 133. -8.02 17.6 0.401 0.860 0.834 0.970 0.973 0.894
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 137. 137. 133. 2.30 21.0 0.509 0.892 0.782 0.961 0.950 0.874
MeanCMIP6 [-] 124. 125. 133. -9.91 13.7 0.367 0.857 0.860 0.974 0.976 0.906
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 136. 134. 133. -0.244 16.8 0.307 0.889 0.832 0.978 0.998 0.906
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 127. 128. 133. -5.99 20.6 0.331 0.851 0.804 0.976 0.940 0.875
NorESM2-LM [-] 126. 126. 133. -8.61 20.4 0.741 0.845 0.810 0.940 0.950 0.871
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 133. 134. 133. -0.683 13.0 0.669 0.918 0.862 0.952 0.994 0.918
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 186.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 188. 188. 186. 1.19 23.2 0.734 0.750 0.731 0.920 0.963 0.819
CanESM5 [-] 195. 195. 186. 8.13 21.1 0.740 0.762 0.727 0.917 0.988 0.824
CESM2 [-] 189. 189. 186. 2.63 18.2 0.656 0.800 0.752 0.931 0.991 0.845
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 186. 186. 186. 0.213 17.2 0.681 0.826 0.744 0.928 0.992 0.847
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 192. 192. 186. 5.73 22.4 0.749 0.768 0.708 0.918 0.993 0.819
MeanCMIP6 [-] 190. 190. 186. 2.86 14.9 0.541 0.808 0.803 0.945 0.991 0.870
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 187. 187. 186. -0.148 19.2 0.694 0.803 0.739 0.920 0.996 0.839
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 194. 194. 186. 7.16 19.9 0.600 0.755 0.756 0.940 0.977 0.837
NorESM2-LM [-] 191. 191. 186. 2.69 20.9 0.685 0.771 0.737 0.927 0.981 0.831
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 198. 198. 186. 11.0 19.4 0.652 0.741 0.772 0.929 0.982 0.839
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 251.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 254. 254. 251. 2.33 14.9 0.586 0.813 0.782 0.948 0.996 0.864
CanESM5 [-] 264. 264. 251. 11.7 19.3 0.885 0.735 0.746 0.908 0.964 0.820
CESM2 [-] 255. 255. 251. 3.49 14.9 0.664 0.801 0.796 0.941 0.994 0.866
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 253. 253. 251. 1.47 14.4 0.902 0.877 0.744 0.913 0.998 0.855
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 255. 256. 251. 4.34 17.3 0.713 0.818 0.732 0.936 0.983 0.840
MeanCMIP6 [-] 256. 256. 251. 3.95 11.6 0.522 0.856 0.843 0.958 0.998 0.900
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 249. 249. 251. -2.79 18.3 0.640 0.813 0.712 0.937 0.981 0.831
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 262. 262. 251. 9.00 14.8 0.587 0.786 0.803 0.950 0.999 0.868
NorESM2-LM [-] 257. 258. 251. 6.03 19.0 0.616 0.753 0.764 0.944 0.978 0.840
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 268. 269. 251. 16.5 20.5 0.470 0.680 0.803 0.961 0.964 0.842
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 208.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 201. 200. 207. -6.40 18.6 0.572 0.874 0.828 0.958 0.999 0.897
CanESM5 [-] 208. 208. 207. 0.401 22.5 0.493 0.853 0.798 0.958 0.995 0.881
CESM2 [-] 217. 216. 207. 8.48 18.3 0.388 0.848 0.865 0.972 0.996 0.909
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 206. 206. 207. -1.06 14.3 0.477 0.903 0.861 0.966 0.999 0.918
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 207. 206. 207. -0.556 20.6 0.730 0.862 0.818 0.938 0.998 0.887
MeanCMIP6 [-] 205. 205. 208. -1.90 12.4 0.328 0.911 0.889 0.978 0.999 0.933
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 208. 208. 207. 0.705 16.4 0.369 0.890 0.849 0.973 0.987 0.910
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 218. 217. 207. 9.12 15.6 0.550 0.872 0.877 0.958 0.999 0.917
NorESM2-LM [-] 217. 215. 207. 7.95 19.1 0.363 0.850 0.853 0.972 0.984 0.902
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 213. 214. 207. 7.33 15.7 0.333 0.875 0.885 0.976 0.995 0.923
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 136.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 154. 149. 135. 1.67 32.9 0.657 0.593 0.630 0.913 0.789 0.711
CanESM5 [-] 141. 162. 135. 10.1 28.5 0.907 0.692 0.629 0.889 0.902 0.748
CESM2 [-] 139. 146. 135. 1.09 19.9 0.882 0.748 0.670 0.890 0.985 0.793
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 146. 145. 135. 9.41 23.2 0.730 0.686 0.671 0.906 0.904 0.767
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 127. 134. 135. -5.49 33.1 0.874 0.644 0.621 0.874 0.946 0.741
MeanCMIP6 [-] 147. 148. 136. 2.17 17.2 0.593 0.711 0.731 0.930 0.944 0.809
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 138. 149. 135. 9.65 20.1 0.874 0.721 0.724 0.877 0.991 0.807
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 141. 146. 135. 6.06 23.0 0.762 0.689 0.661 0.903 0.906 0.764
NorESM2-LM [-] 148. 149. 135. 4.03 22.8 1.06 0.723 0.645 0.873 0.949 0.767
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 164. 164. 135. 12.0 23.7 0.744 0.688 0.705 0.899 0.911 0.782
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 151.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 151. 153. 150. 0.416 23.1 0.540 0.842 0.749 0.950 0.954 0.849
CanESM5 [-] 160. 160. 150. 8.30 19.5 0.633 0.822 0.800 0.943 0.985 0.870
CESM2 [-] 161. 161. 150. 8.44 18.6 0.564 0.819 0.814 0.951 0.986 0.877
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 148. 149. 150. -0.820 13.9 0.490 0.890 0.826 0.958 0.998 0.900
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 160. 161. 150. 8.73 25.1 0.612 0.794 0.754 0.946 0.963 0.842
MeanCMIP6 [-] 152. 153. 151. 1.16 14.9 0.434 0.873 0.840 0.963 0.982 0.900
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 158. 157. 150. 6.01 17.5 0.663 0.842 0.808 0.941 0.998 0.879
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 153. 153. 150. 2.04 17.8 0.537 0.854 0.800 0.953 0.961 0.874
NorESM2-LM [-] 160. 162. 150. 9.05 20.7 0.556 0.798 0.801 0.952 0.954 0.861
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 162. 163. 150. 10.3 20.3 0.523 0.808 0.797 0.955 0.979 0.867
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 196.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 228. 228. 196. 31.5 38.0 2.55 0.311 0.428 0.592 0.768 0.506
CanESM5 [-] 215. 215. 196. 19.2 33.6 1.73 0.343 0.415 0.742 0.661 0.515
CESM2 [-] 195. 195. 196. 0.911 21.8 1.49 0.538 0.458 0.782 0.941 0.635
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 205. 205. 196. 9.05 24.6 1.86 0.478 0.434 0.714 0.915 0.595
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 196. 198. 196. 5.28 38.4 1.66 0.302 0.383 0.740 0.383 0.438
MeanCMIP6 [-] 209. 209. 196. 14.4 22.7 1.47 0.454 0.563 0.780 0.981 0.668
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 198. 198. 196. 3.57 21.8 1.84 0.522 0.474 0.719 0.987 0.635
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 222. 222. 196. 29.3 36.7 1.58 0.252 0.435 0.760 0.817 0.539
NorESM2-LM [-] 206. 206. 196. 11.1 21.1 1.56 0.557 0.479 0.776 0.975 0.653
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 223. 223. 196. 27.2 32.3 2.61 0.319 0.458 0.576 0.992 0.561
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 215.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 234. 234. 215. 18.8 27.4 1.16 0.525 0.569 0.847 0.998 0.702
CanESM5 [-] 229. 229. 215. 13.8 29.1 1.29 0.560 0.491 0.831 0.988 0.672
CESM2 [-] 219. 218. 215. 4.47 22.1 1.11 0.678 0.525 0.857 0.998 0.717
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 222. 222. 215. 7.07 21.9 1.07 0.683 0.524 0.865 0.996 0.718
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 227. 227. 215. 12.5 30.3 1.28 0.554 0.464 0.828 0.994 0.661
MeanCMIP6 [-] 226. 226. 215. 10.9 19.0 0.930 0.649 0.632 0.885 0.949 0.749
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 217. 217. 215. 2.23 21.8 1.26 0.647 0.564 0.825 0.953 0.710
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 231. 231. 215. 17.7 26.2 0.880 0.523 0.565 0.898 0.998 0.710
NorESM2-LM [-] 220. 220. 215. 5.65 24.0 1.13 0.634 0.523 0.854 0.960 0.699
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 235. 236. 215. 20.6 26.7 1.13 0.492 0.576 0.853 0.962 0.692
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 115.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 93.6 93.6 114. -21.4 30.6 0.699 0.795 0.785 0.944 0.991 0.860
CanESM5 [-] 117. 116. 114. 0.357 14.3 0.408 0.946 0.870 0.970 0.998 0.931
CESM2 [-] 104. 105. 114. -10.6 18.2 0.388 0.884 0.857 0.973 0.954 0.905
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 99.8 100. 114. -13.8 21.5 0.497 0.856 0.837 0.964 0.974 0.894
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 111. 112. 114. -2.32 16.6 0.658 0.930 0.851 0.940 0.987 0.912
MeanCMIP6 [-] 99.9 100. 115. -15.5 15.1 0.462 0.845 0.879 0.967 0.998 0.914
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 110. 109. 114. -5.75 16.7 0.399 0.915 0.867 0.971 0.997 0.924
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 103. 103. 114. -11.8 22.5 0.653 0.864 0.821 0.944 0.923 0.875
NorESM2-LM [-] 98.6 100. 114. -15.8 24.1 0.476 0.842 0.823 0.966 0.962 0.883
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 113. 113. 114. -1.70 11.1 0.444 0.951 0.899 0.964 0.998 0.942
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 181.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 181. 180. 181. 0.0230 21.0 0.556 0.852 0.791 0.956 0.997 0.877
CanESM5 [-] 186. 189. 181. 7.90 21.2 0.481 0.822 0.805 0.960 0.998 0.878
CESM2 [-] 191. 191. 181. 10.4 20.7 0.390 0.805 0.828 0.968 0.992 0.884
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 180. 181. 181. -0.384 14.6 0.387 0.892 0.840 0.971 0.999 0.908
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 189. 189. 181. 7.34 23.9 0.565 0.808 0.791 0.954 0.997 0.868
MeanCMIP6 [-] 182. 183. 181. 1.87 14.8 0.362 0.887 0.863 0.974 0.999 0.917
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 184. 186. 181. 4.77 17.8 0.520 0.852 0.829 0.955 0.997 0.892
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 190. 189. 181. 8.28 17.6 0.458 0.856 0.830 0.965 0.990 0.894
NorESM2-LM [-] 192. 191. 181. 10.3 21.8 0.484 0.804 0.815 0.962 0.996 0.879
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 191. 190. 181. 9.15 18.6 0.460 0.832 0.832 0.965 0.997 0.892

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
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Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
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ANNUAL CYCLE
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All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
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CanESM5
Data not available
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CESM2
Data not available
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GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
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IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
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MeanCMIP6
Data not available
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MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
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MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
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NorESM2-LM
Data not available
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UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
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Data Information

  Title:
CERES EBAF TOA and Surface Fluxes

  Version:
Ed4.1

  Institutions:
NASA Langley Research Center

  Source:
Monthly mean surface fluxes calculated by a radiative transfer model and constrained by the combined Terra and Aqua SSF1deg measurements

  History:
2019-06-25: downloaded source from https://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/products-info.php?product=EBAF
2019-08-13: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-rsds-ceres.py

  References:
Loeb, N.G., D.R. Doelling, H. Wang, W. Su, C. Nguyen, J.G. Corbett, L. Liang, C. Mitrescu, F.G. Rose, and S. Kato (2018), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) Edition-4.0 Data Product, Journal of Climate, 31(2), 895-918, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0208.1

Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. E. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Su, and S.-H. Ham (2018), Surface irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) data product, Journal of Climate, 31, 4501-4527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1

  Comments:
time_period: 2000-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 1 degree
original_units: W m-2
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: W m-2

  Convention:
CF-1.7