Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.474
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.651 0.652 0.474 0.582 0.406 0.178 1.44 0.293 0.802 0.729 0.608
CanESM5 [-] 0.582 0.582 0.474 0.542 0.419 0.108 1.08 0.437 0.875 0.831 0.714
CESM2 [-] 0.565 0.565 0.474 0.547 0.418 0.0914 1.33 0.484 0.807 0.834 0.708
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.743 0.749 0.474 0.639 0.399 0.275 1.34 0.143 0.829 0.788 0.587
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.619 0.618 0.474 0.606 0.405 0.144 1.50 0.351 0.782 0.992 0.708
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.640 0.644 0.474 0.595 0.401 0.170 1.22 0.274 0.831 0.980 0.695
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.692 0.700 0.474 0.631 0.226 1.73 0.221 0.758 0.578 0.519
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.620 0.627 0.474 0.493 0.424 0.152 1.37 0.336 0.799 0.470 0.535
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.575 0.577 0.474 0.544 0.396 0.102 1.24 0.459 0.821 0.802 0.694
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.605 0.606 0.474 0.553 0.405 0.132 0.960 0.373 0.892 0.961 0.742
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.521
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.536 0.546 0.521 0.507 0.423 0.0256 2.08 0.431 0.677 0.910 0.673
CanESM5 [-] 0.570 0.589 0.521 0.510 0.431 0.0690 1.77 0.379 0.730 0.914 0.674
CESM2 [-] 0.525 0.531 0.521 0.508 0.452 0.0111 1.61 0.491 0.761 0.951 0.734
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.615 0.642 0.521 0.532 0.402 0.121 2.08 0.333 0.666 0.845 0.615
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.563 0.582 0.521 0.509 0.425 0.0616 1.66 0.485 0.749 0.969 0.734
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.571 0.587 0.521 0.521 0.423 0.0663 1.72 0.465 0.732 0.955 0.718
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.645 0.667 0.521 0.593 0.771 0.147 2.12 0.280 0.665 0.853 0.599
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.514 0.535 0.521 0.449 0.423 0.0153 1.78 0.351 0.712 0.717 0.594
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.524 0.534 0.521 0.494 0.433 0.0137 1.60 0.465 0.763 0.937 0.722
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.565 0.578 0.521 0.528 0.422 0.0579 1.49 0.394 0.777 0.864 0.678
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.348
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.233 0.296 0.348 0.164 -0.0503 1.93 0.499 0.709 0.670 0.626
CanESM5 [-] 0.311 0.375 0.348 0.210 0.0276 1.87 0.351 0.713 0.532 0.532
CESM2 [-] 0.258 0.313 0.348 0.187 -0.0322 1.69 0.522 0.756 0.735 0.671
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.272 0.350 0.348 0.172 0.00298 1.69 0.486 0.749 0.608 0.614
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.299 0.374 0.348 0.174 0.0269 1.27 0.432 0.813 0.620 0.622
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.269 0.334 0.348 0.184 -0.0141 1.41 0.501 0.782 0.756 0.680
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.330 0.421 0.348 0.204 0.0736 1.71 0.344 0.742 0.517 0.534
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.157 0.191 0.348 0.113 -0.153 1.21 0.296 0.804 0.559 0.553
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.256 0.320 0.348 0.176 -0.0255 1.59 0.455 0.771 0.629 0.618
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.248 0.291 0.348 0.178 -0.0557 1.42 0.432 0.781 0.562 0.592
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.357
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.331 0.340 0.357 0.300 -0.0161 2.72 0.390 0.545 0.568 0.501
CanESM5 [-] 0.358 0.379 0.357 0.303 0.0267 2.13 0.325 0.673 0.378 0.458
CESM2 [-] 0.310 0.318 0.357 0.280 -0.0359 1.70 0.379 0.757 0.633 0.589
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.301 0.327 0.357 0.242 -0.0289 2.39 0.380 0.608 0.652 0.547
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.337 0.372 0.357 0.247 0.0169 2.08 0.298 0.668 0.428 0.465
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.336 0.348 0.357 0.302 -0.00884 2.05 0.437 0.674 0.755 0.622
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.452 0.436 0.357 0.488 0.0807 2.31 0.365 0.613 0.463 0.480
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.223 0.245 0.357 0.181 -0.111 2.50 0.275 0.576 0.557 0.469
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.301 0.310 0.357 0.299 -0.0443 1.73 0.314 0.751 0.540 0.535
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.308 0.331 0.357 0.272 -0.0247 1.90 0.349 0.721 0.437 0.502
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.554
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.704 0.719 0.554 0.722 0.168 2.03 0.180 0.660 0.984 0.608
CanESM5 [-] 0.666 0.670 0.555 0.660 0.491 0.117 2.02 0.282 0.688 0.933 0.634
CESM2 [-] 0.641 0.634 0.554 0.718 0.0807 1.88 0.357 0.700 0.838 0.632
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.806 0.801 0.554 0.802 0.246 2.02 0.0657 0.687 0.942 0.565
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.656 0.666 0.554 0.698 0.112 2.08 0.271 0.676 0.992 0.646
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.729 0.723 0.554 0.749 0.169 2.19 0.151 0.658 0.997 0.602
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.723 0.776 0.554 0.754 0.220 2.74 0.131 0.554 0.575 0.420
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.653 0.670 0.555 0.641 0.491 0.123 2.10 0.298 0.659 0.745 0.567
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.641 0.638 0.554 0.687 0.0851 1.69 0.348 0.749 0.884 0.660
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.723 0.728 0.554 0.739 0.175 1.68 0.137 0.741 0.976 0.618
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.608
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.640 0.636 0.608 0.705 0.0285 2.73 0.504 0.529 0.957 0.663
CanESM5 [-] 0.693 0.698 0.608 0.684 0.484 0.0900 1.64 0.461 0.757 0.984 0.734
CESM2 [-] 0.602 0.595 0.608 0.689 -0.0125 1.53 0.537 0.777 0.992 0.769
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.798 0.801 0.608 0.762 0.436 0.193 2.32 0.226 0.626 0.979 0.610
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.657 0.654 0.608 0.692 0.0453 1.83 0.599 0.719 0.922 0.746
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.698 0.696 0.608 0.726 0.0881 2.11 0.520 0.651 0.948 0.706
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.753 0.758 0.608 0.756 0.149 2.38 0.311 0.621 0.907 0.613
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.712 0.720 0.608 0.664 0.465 0.111 1.74 0.376 0.733 0.831 0.646
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.601 0.602 0.608 0.679 -0.00580 1.48 0.521 0.783 0.992 0.765
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.703 0.700 0.608 0.733 0.0919 1.47 0.490 0.797 0.982 0.756
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.756
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.775 0.759 0.756 0.893 0.00290 2.54 0.206 0.590 0.536 0.444
CanESM5 [-] 0.798 0.779 0.756 0.882 0.0248 2.54 0.110 0.588 0.295 0.331
CESM2 [-] 0.766 0.752 0.756 0.852 -0.00321 2.23 0.379 0.661 0.928 0.656
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.846 0.840 0.756 0.894 0.0837 2.94 0.121 0.515 0.712 0.449
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.800 0.790 0.756 0.872 0.0352 2.45 0.325 0.612 0.764 0.567
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.819 0.808 0.756 0.884 0.0519 2.38 0.230 0.620 0.878 0.576
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.907 0.904 0.756 0.935 0.771 0.148 2.34 0.0643 0.621 0.751 0.479
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.811 0.803 0.756 0.834 0.0469 2.84 0.116 0.531 0.226 0.291
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.734 0.732 0.756 0.841 -0.0232 2.51 0.253 0.613 0.890 0.585
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.866 0.857 0.756 0.920 0.100 2.70 0.101 0.567 0.852 0.507
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.630
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.627 0.601 0.630 0.860 -0.0292 1.70 0.504 0.752 0.863 0.706
CanESM5 [-] 0.692 0.683 0.630 0.848 0.0530 1.94 0.379 0.702 0.802 0.628
CESM2 [-] 0.641 0.618 0.630 0.842 -0.0105 1.73 0.557 0.740 0.914 0.737
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.723 0.709 0.630 0.865 0.0785 2.15 0.465 0.651 0.977 0.698
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.691 0.667 0.630 0.847 0.0377 1.48 0.595 0.788 0.978 0.787
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.690 0.669 0.630 0.853 0.0392 1.52 0.578 0.774 0.983 0.778
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.775 0.770 0.630 0.870 0.140 2.24 0.316 0.649 0.877 0.614
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.643 0.626 0.630 0.796 0.755 -0.00132 1.93 0.380 0.689 0.588 0.553
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.643 0.620 0.630 0.825 -0.0101 1.74 0.549 0.737 0.933 0.739
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.704 0.682 0.630 0.883 0.0523 1.65 0.410 0.753 0.730 0.631
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.436
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.616 0.628 0.436 0.543 0.430 0.191 1.65 0.214 0.804 0.525 0.514
CanESM5 [-] 0.562 0.570 0.436 0.515 0.435 0.134 0.956 0.344 0.896 0.516 0.585
CESM2 [-] 0.577 0.589 0.436 0.525 0.453 0.153 1.45 0.308 0.804 0.308 0.473
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.687 0.713 0.436 0.585 0.409 0.277 1.55 0.109 0.820 0.375 0.435
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.579 0.592 0.436 0.523 0.433 0.156 1.74 0.286 0.776 0.412 0.491
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.615 0.632 0.436 0.538 0.434 0.196 1.66 0.184 0.793 0.675 0.551
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.669 0.691 0.436 0.598 0.467 0.255 1.71 0.159 0.782 0.174 0.371
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.543 0.576 0.436 0.390 0.417 0.139 1.36 0.310 0.845 0.241 0.466
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.595 0.601 0.436 0.536 0.439 0.165 1.56 0.304 0.798 0.290 0.464
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.604 0.617 0.436 0.551 0.425 0.181 0.813 0.226 0.913 0.579 0.573
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.515
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.523 0.511 0.515 0.713 -0.00181 2.88 0.454 0.520 0.950 0.642
CanESM5 [-] 0.606 0.595 0.515 0.692 0.410 0.0811 2.22 0.407 0.645 0.916 0.656
CESM2 [-] 0.505 0.497 0.515 0.693 -0.0177 1.51 0.439 0.780 0.969 0.729
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.629 0.620 0.515 0.742 0.106 2.76 0.354 0.541 0.834 0.576
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.582 0.571 0.515 0.746 0.0556 2.03 0.464 0.671 0.982 0.706
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.574 0.562 0.515 0.727 0.0470 2.27 0.516 0.624 0.985 0.709
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.644 0.638 0.515 0.734 0.124 2.57 0.292 0.587 0.771 0.550
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.510 0.504 0.515 0.653 -0.00914 2.20 0.443 0.643 0.781 0.622
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.505 0.494 0.515 0.681 -0.0204 1.45 0.424 0.790 0.941 0.719
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.558 0.553 0.515 0.734 0.0384 1.72 0.464 0.740 0.929 0.711

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
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MODEL COLORS
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Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
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All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
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CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
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IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
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MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
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MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
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NorESM2-LM
Data not available
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UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
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Data Information

  Title:
FLUXCOM (RS+METEO) Global Land Energy Fluxes using GSWP3 climate data

  Version:
1

  Institutions:
Department Biogeochemical Integration, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany

  Source:
Data generated by machine learning to merge energy flux measurements from FLUXNET eddy covariance towers with MODIS remote sensing and GSWP3v1 meteorological data (RS+METEO)

  History:
2019-05-07: downloaded source from doi:10.17871/FLUXCOM_EnergyFluxes_v1
2019-06-28: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-sh-fluxcom.py

  References:
Jung, M., S. Koirala, U. Weber, K. Ichii, F. Gans, G. Camps-Valls, D. Papale, C. Schwalm, G. Tramontana, M. Reichstein (2019), The FLUXCOM ensemble of global land-atmosphere energy fluxes, Scientific Data, submitted, 1-12, https://arxiv.org/abs/1812.04951

Tramontana, G., M. Jung, C.R. Schwalm, K. Ichii, G. Camps-Valls, B. Raduly, M. Reichstein, M.A. Arain, A. Cescatti, G. Kiely, L. Merbold, P. Serrano-Ortiz, S. Sickert, S. Wolf, and D. Papale (2016), Predicting carbon dioxide and energy fluxes across global FLUXNET sites with regression algorithms, Biogeosciences, 13, 4291-4313, doi:10.5194/bg-13-4291-2016

  Comments:
time_period: 1980-01 through 2014-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
original_units: MJ/m2/day
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: watt/m2

  Convention:
CF-1.7