Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 30.7
CESM2 [-] 44.4 44.1 30.7 47.0 26.1 13.6 15.7 1.24 0.119 0.161 0.819 0.483 0.349
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 22.0 21.6 30.7 25.2 27.9 -9.06 10.7 0.596 0.0979 0.506 0.926 0.977 0.602
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 32.6 32.8 30.7 32.9 2.08 7.13 1.46 0.201 0.480 0.802 0.982 0.589
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 23.2 23.6 30.7 16.7 28.0 -7.08 9.74 1.96 0.134 0.429 0.690 0.669 0.470
NorESM2-LM [-] 44.5 44.5 30.7 46.9 14.1 16.5 1.32 0.110 0.155 0.810 0.468 0.340
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 32.7 33.0 30.7 26.9 35.2 2.39 6.84 1.86 0.303 0.242 0.714 0.987 0.498
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 23.9
CESM2 [-] 30.2 30.0 23.9 32.8 18.8 6.12 8.38 1.29 0.332 0.475 0.815 0.658 0.551
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 19.0 18.8 23.9 21.8 21.4 -5.19 7.02 1.10 0.284 0.580 0.851 0.883 0.635
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 25.2 24.5 23.9 28.4 18.0 0.616 5.91 1.27 0.324 0.549 0.825 0.962 0.641
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 16.2 18.0 23.9 5.21 22.6 -5.90 6.97 1.33 0.263 0.582 0.815 0.979 0.644
NorESM2-LM [-] 27.5 29.7 23.9 16.0 6.06 8.82 1.38 0.322 0.462 0.802 0.632 0.536
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 18.7 20.7 23.9 8.23 21.1 -3.13 7.44 1.46 0.275 0.466 0.795 0.841 0.569
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 11.5
CESM2 [-] 14.8 14.7 11.5 16.6 9.96 3.20 4.11 1.47 0.332 0.596 0.777 0.933 0.647
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 12.0 11.8 11.5 13.0 9.18 0.251 3.18 1.56 0.438 0.592 0.763 0.974 0.672
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 11.4 11.2 11.5 12.4 9.05 -0.188 4.07 1.48 0.319 0.570 0.785 0.858 0.620
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 8.29 8.26 11.5 9.62 12.0 -3.23 3.71 1.01 0.319 0.673 0.862 0.915 0.688
NorESM2-LM [-] 14.8 14.5 11.5 16.3 3.00 4.19 1.40 0.339 0.603 0.791 0.881 0.644
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 3.84 3.80 11.5 5.66 9.01 -7.67 8.15 1.38 0.0811 0.611 0.796 0.890 0.598
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 16.0
CESM2 [-] 20.1 20.1 16.0 22.4 16.0 4.14 5.25 1.44 0.357 0.613 0.779 0.914 0.655
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 15.1 15.2 16.0 17.3 14.8 -0.819 4.28 1.22 0.439 0.596 0.828 0.916 0.675
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 19.9 19.7 16.0 20.0 3.81 6.81 1.43 0.345 0.468 0.796 0.838 0.583
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 10.9 11.0 16.0 13.7 15.8 -5.01 5.50 1.77 0.270 0.593 0.752 0.922 0.626
NorESM2-LM [-] 20.2 20.1 16.0 21.4 4.20 5.97 1.58 0.334 0.530 0.764 0.906 0.613
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 10.0 10.1 16.0 12.7 15.6 -5.84 8.66 1.45 0.172 0.494 0.788 0.668 0.523
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 31.6
CESM2 [-] 39.3 38.2 31.7 39.0 20.1 6.62 8.33 1.62 0.230 0.375 0.774 0.974 0.546
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 26.2 26.8 31.7 24.2 22.7 -5.25 6.80 1.61 0.272 0.502 0.771 0.741 0.558
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 33.5 35.1 31.6 30.4 2.54 6.49 1.91 0.232 0.504 0.718 0.755 0.543
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 19.6 20.8 31.8 19.7 25.7 -10.9 12.3 2.42 0.0459 0.579 0.613 0.602 0.484
NorESM2-LM [-] 37.9 37.5 31.6 39.4 5.76 8.85 1.54 0.239 0.292 0.792 0.924 0.508
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 29.0 29.8 31.7 29.2 21.7 -1.98 4.68 1.82 0.370 0.461 0.732 0.995 0.604
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 30.4
CESM2 [-] 34.1 34.2 30.4 35.5 22.9 3.76 6.54 0.929 0.348 0.403 0.881 0.869 0.581
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 22.8 22.5 30.4 22.1 28.2 -8.05 8.66 1.12 0.149 0.566 0.841 0.960 0.616
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 31.8 31.6 30.4 31.1 20.2 1.10 5.79 1.14 0.304 0.605 0.862 0.715 0.618
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 22.4 22.4 30.5 22.0 26.9 -8.13 8.85 1.36 0.186 0.585 0.821 0.751 0.586
NorESM2-LM [-] 33.3 33.3 30.4 34.8 2.97 6.62 0.936 0.329 0.404 0.883 0.823 0.569
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 30.6 30.7 30.4 28.9 27.4 0.198 5.01 1.31 0.440 0.442 0.843 0.910 0.616
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 35.5
CESM2 [-] 37.4 37.4 35.5 37.5 27.0 1.93 5.08 0.967 0.329 0.405 0.887 0.785 0.562
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 28.9 29.4 35.5 27.1 29.3 -6.43 6.87 1.31 0.150 0.560 0.831 0.950 0.610
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 34.5 34.2 35.5 34.3 -1.32 6.01 1.67 0.274 0.328 0.744 0.688 0.472
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 30.2 30.4 35.7 25.7 30.0 -5.36 7.00 1.60 0.248 0.528 0.774 0.577 0.531
NorESM2-LM [-] 35.0 34.9 35.5 36.1 -0.322 5.43 1.17 0.263 0.346 0.853 0.904 0.542
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 32.9 32.9 35.5 32.8 27.7 -2.53 4.61 1.34 0.326 0.469 0.824 0.989 0.616
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 27.5
CESM2 [-] 28.9 28.9 27.5 30.1 21.6 1.39 5.42 0.872 0.475 0.583 0.895 0.981 0.704
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 21.5 21.2 27.5 22.6 23.9 -6.44 7.57 1.08 0.320 0.599 0.863 0.988 0.674
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 26.2 26.1 27.5 26.0 25.2 -1.46 6.35 1.04 0.413 0.574 0.861 0.945 0.673
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 20.9 20.9 27.6 20.9 23.8 -6.70 7.84 0.908 0.319 0.614 0.889 0.976 0.682
NorESM2-LM [-] 28.8 28.8 27.5 29.4 1.18 5.59 0.996 0.460 0.574 0.878 0.985 0.694
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 22.2 21.9 27.5 23.7 22.1 -5.62 7.82 1.13 0.368 0.547 0.854 0.799 0.623
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 31.3
CESM2 [-] 57.2 58.2 31.3 50.9 22.2 26.9 28.5 2.41 0.0200 0.128 0.620 0.426 0.265
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 21.9 20.9 31.3 30.3 27.2 -10.5 11.4 0.496 0.0673 0.523 0.954 0.970 0.608
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 34.4 34.8 31.3 31.9 3.44 6.39 1.08 0.219 0.512 0.849 0.991 0.616
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 20.3 24.2 31.4 5.14 27.8 -7.15 8.64 2.01 0.183 0.404 0.676 0.913 0.516
NorESM2-LM [-] 53.9 60.1 31.3 29.2 29.2 30.6 2.93 0.00886 0.122 0.523 0.524 0.260
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 31.2 36.3 31.3 11.9 25.9 5.01 8.70 2.22 0.207 0.193 0.671 0.988 0.450
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [kg m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [kg m-2]
Bias [kg m-2]
RMSE [kg m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 24.0
CESM2 [-] 27.6 27.6 24.0 25.8 18.2 3.50 5.29 1.29 0.432 0.567 0.814 0.949 0.666
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 19.1 19.1 24.0 17.7 20.8 -5.03 6.80 0.990 0.314 0.632 0.877 0.970 0.685
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 25.1 25.3 24.0 24.0 24.2 1.27 6.65 1.25 0.354 0.595 0.835 0.724 0.621
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 18.2 18.1 24.0 19.2 21.6 -5.94 6.76 1.37 0.284 0.612 0.831 0.977 0.664
NorESM2-LM [-] 27.1 27.1 24.0 25.3 2.98 5.61 1.38 0.426 0.531 0.804 0.918 0.642
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 22.0 21.9 24.0 21.8 19.2 -2.04 7.23 1.50 0.370 0.433 0.790 0.740 0.553

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
BIAS
Data not available
Data not available
BIAS SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available

SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
Observation-based global multilayer soil moisture products for 1970 to 2016

  Version:
1

  Institutions:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  Source:
Offline land surface models, reanalysis, and satellite soil moisture datasets combined using the Optimal Linear Combination technique of Hobeichi, 2018 (doi:10.5194/hess-22-1317-2018)

  History:
2021-09-14: downloaded https://drive.google.com/file/d/1-v8QmowHzZrvUHWUdmSJw5rtwfxYJnfA/view?usp=sharing
2021-09-14: selected top 10cm, converted unit from vol-% to kg m-2

  References:
Wang, Y. and Mao, J. and Jin, M. and Hoffman, F. M. and Shi, X. and Wullschleger, S. D. and Dai, Y. (2021), Development of observation-based global multilayer soil moisture products for 1970 to 2016, Earth System Science Data, 4385--4405, 10.5194/essd-13-4385-2021

  Comments:
time_period: 1970-01 through 2016-12
temporal_resolution: monthly
spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
units: kg m-2

  Convention:
CF-1.8