Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.225
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.252 0.252 0.225 0.0259 0.104 1.34 0.727 0.588 0.824 0.947 0.735
CanESM5 [-] 0.256 0.251 0.225 0.0256 0.110 1.19 0.665 0.603 0.857 0.817 0.709
CESM2 [-] 0.227 0.227 0.225 0.00114 0.0779 0.934 0.724 0.661 0.908 0.893 0.769
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.235 0.233 0.225 0.00746 0.101 1.16 0.680 0.615 0.859 0.977 0.749
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.224 0.221 0.225 -0.00422 0.0949 1.19 0.706 0.640 0.862 0.865 0.743
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.235 0.231 0.225 0.00602 0.0627 0.938 0.802 0.701 0.901 0.990 0.819
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.211 0.208 0.225 -0.0171 0.118 1.30 0.671 0.531 0.835 0.961 0.706
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.188 0.188 0.225 -0.0371 0.0915 0.914 0.705 0.624 0.902 0.964 0.764
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.234 0.232 0.225 0.00673 0.0851 0.957 0.721 0.650 0.904 0.864 0.758
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.245 0.245 0.225 0.0195 0.0851 1.29 0.704 0.652 0.832 0.969 0.762
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Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.251
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.245 0.245 0.251 -0.00593 0.0580 2.32 0.460 0.465 0.626 0.992 0.601
CanESM5 [-] 0.270 0.271 0.251 0.0199 0.0590 2.32 0.411 0.507 0.630 0.993 0.610
CESM2 [-] 0.260 0.259 0.251 0.00848 0.0444 2.14 0.498 0.514 0.659 0.992 0.635
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.264 0.264 0.251 0.0136 0.0630 2.15 0.374 0.462 0.659 0.992 0.590
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.248 0.248 0.251 -0.00304 0.0513 2.39 0.490 0.524 0.617 0.992 0.629
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.257 0.257 0.251 0.00589 0.0382 2.12 0.512 0.553 0.660 0.997 0.655
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.219 0.220 0.251 -0.0310 0.0720 2.33 0.374 0.491 0.624 0.940 0.584
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.251 0.251 0.251 0.000354 0.0549 2.31 0.430 0.518 0.632 0.991 0.618
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.263 0.262 0.251 0.0107 0.0495 2.16 0.473 0.508 0.655 0.991 0.627
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.279 0.279 0.251 0.0277 0.0620 2.42 0.360 0.529 0.613 0.991 0.605
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.245
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.205 0.204 0.245 -0.0418 0.0637 2.88 0.174 0.415 0.529 0.721 0.451
CanESM5 [-] 0.261 0.262 0.245 0.0172 0.0419 2.55 0.198 0.561 0.583 0.988 0.578
CESM2 [-] 0.250 0.250 0.245 0.00401 0.0308 2.95 0.312 0.467 0.516 0.990 0.550
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.257 0.256 0.245 0.0107 0.0273 2.87 0.334 0.514 0.529 0.996 0.577
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.242 0.246 0.245 0.000731 0.0328 2.79 0.282 0.554 0.550 0.992 0.586
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.249 0.248 0.245 0.00275 0.0244 2.77 0.336 0.568 0.548 0.985 0.601
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.224 0.226 0.245 -0.0197 0.0488 3.21 0.176 0.571 0.472 0.946 0.547
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.271 0.271 0.245 0.0247 0.0370 2.79 0.212 0.569 0.556 0.991 0.579
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.252 0.251 0.245 0.00520 0.0362 2.77 0.277 0.490 0.551 0.982 0.558
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.265 0.267 0.245 0.0217 0.0425 3.09 0.190 0.569 0.496 0.988 0.562
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.209
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.207 0.205 0.209 -0.00432 0.0574 1.38 0.486 0.450 0.799 0.975 0.632
CanESM5 [-] 0.268 0.270 0.209 0.0607 0.0943 1.41 0.294 0.465 0.801 0.585 0.522
CESM2 [-] 0.209 0.209 0.209 -0.000789 0.0450 1.37 0.575 0.508 0.793 0.983 0.673
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.212 0.212 0.209 0.00290 0.0424 1.44 0.571 0.556 0.792 0.936 0.682
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.228 0.226 0.209 0.0178 0.0621 1.35 0.508 0.498 0.798 0.603 0.581
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.222 0.222 0.208 0.0131 0.0371 1.21 0.604 0.573 0.817 0.980 0.709
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.205 0.204 0.209 -0.00515 0.0791 1.35 0.421 0.457 0.800 0.819 0.591
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.220 0.217 0.209 0.00875 0.0483 1.46 0.557 0.545 0.778 0.982 0.682
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.212 0.209 0.209 0.000531 0.0512 1.50 0.545 0.478 0.768 0.968 0.648
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.232 0.230 0.209 0.0212 0.0600 1.35 0.464 0.515 0.804 0.967 0.653
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.133
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.146 0.136 0.133 0.00127 0.0521 2.06 0.427 0.457 0.693 0.940 0.595
CanESM5 [-] 0.222 0.143 0.133 0.00839 0.0658 2.26 0.400 0.447 0.646 0.717 0.531
CESM2 [-] 0.143 0.125 0.133 -0.00669 0.0454 2.31 0.483 0.494 0.643 0.963 0.616
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.164 0.158 0.133 0.0234 0.0551 2.19 0.347 0.442 0.657 0.962 0.570
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.162 0.137 0.133 0.00513 0.0532 2.12 0.425 0.446 0.675 0.912 0.581
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.143 0.137 0.133 0.00361 0.0380 1.98 0.517 0.505 0.707 0.961 0.639
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.112 0.102 0.133 -0.0313 0.0593 2.26 0.341 0.463 0.657 0.327 0.450
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.140 0.141 0.133 0.00933 0.0525 2.30 0.409 0.479 0.648 0.885 0.580
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.145 0.128 0.133 -0.00571 0.0465 2.13 0.464 0.480 0.679 0.943 0.609
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.142 0.145 0.133 0.0113 0.0626 2.14 0.301 0.484 0.673 0.908 0.570
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.152
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.148 0.148 0.152 -0.00440 0.0561 1.84 0.570 0.456 0.733 0.978 0.639
CanESM5 [-] 0.158 0.163 0.152 0.0109 0.0490 1.68 0.565 0.545 0.755 0.903 0.663
CESM2 [-] 0.152 0.151 0.152 -0.000614 0.0422 1.64 0.637 0.531 0.755 0.989 0.689
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.203 0.202 0.152 0.0499 0.0811 1.72 0.395 0.413 0.750 0.965 0.587
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.153 0.152 0.152 -0.000330 0.0480 1.60 0.602 0.527 0.763 0.970 0.678
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.165 0.163 0.152 0.0112 0.0388 1.66 0.621 0.546 0.754 0.990 0.691
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.139 0.142 0.152 -0.0104 0.0588 1.87 0.572 0.444 0.723 0.957 0.628
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.145 0.145 0.152 -0.00660 0.0579 1.74 0.576 0.494 0.744 0.968 0.655
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.151 0.151 0.152 -0.00114 0.0448 1.71 0.628 0.519 0.740 0.990 0.679
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.198 0.199 0.152 0.0472 0.0793 1.67 0.398 0.474 0.753 0.917 0.603
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.116
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.116 0.115 0.116 -0.00153 0.0179 3.05 0.453 0.511 0.490 0.987 0.591
CanESM5 [-] 0.113 0.111 0.116 -0.00564 0.0187 3.21 0.428 0.515 0.464 0.982 0.581
CESM2 [-] 0.117 0.118 0.116 0.00137 0.0161 2.93 0.477 0.548 0.518 0.976 0.613
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.137 0.136 0.116 0.0202 0.0264 3.01 0.238 0.440 0.499 0.894 0.502
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.115 0.114 0.116 -0.00188 0.0159 3.36 0.488 0.539 0.430 0.992 0.598
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.120 0.120 0.116 0.00435 0.0137 3.14 0.494 0.539 0.475 0.995 0.608
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.0964 0.0931 0.116 -0.0230 0.0295 3.40 0.164 0.528 0.426 0.873 0.504
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.127 0.125 0.116 0.00862 0.0244 3.24 0.394 0.489 0.450 0.850 0.534
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.121 0.116 0.116 -0.000532 0.0164 3.12 0.467 0.536 0.484 0.987 0.602
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.152 0.153 0.116 0.0369 0.0449 3.23 0.0958 0.529 0.452 0.730 0.467
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.125
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.127 0.126 0.125 0.00119 0.0239 3.53 0.372 0.359 0.398 0.991 0.496
CanESM5 [-] 0.140 0.138 0.125 0.0129 0.0287 3.51 0.293 0.375 0.400 0.909 0.470
CESM2 [-] 0.131 0.131 0.125 0.00608 0.0219 3.48 0.407 0.385 0.411 0.980 0.514
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.164 0.163 0.125 0.0385 0.0456 2.97 0.145 0.273 0.511 0.824 0.405
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.126 0.127 0.125 0.00268 0.0202 3.57 0.425 0.456 0.392 0.990 0.544
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.138 0.138 0.125 0.0135 0.0220 3.45 0.350 0.413 0.412 0.992 0.516
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.116 0.114 0.125 -0.0104 0.0259 3.87 0.320 0.401 0.333 0.985 0.488
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.146 0.146 0.125 0.0205 0.0323 3.23 0.261 0.419 0.457 0.861 0.483
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.128 0.129 0.125 0.00401 0.0225 3.51 0.400 0.383 0.405 0.984 0.511
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.169 0.168 0.125 0.0428 0.0500 3.66 0.101 0.421 0.365 0.830 0.428
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.425
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.449 0.448 0.425 0.0221 0.115 1.65 0.758 0.628 0.742 0.965 0.744
CanESM5 [-] 0.471 0.466 0.425 0.0413 0.119 2.16 0.715 0.617 0.685 0.986 0.724
CESM2 [-] 0.463 0.462 0.425 0.0361 0.105 0.763 0.735 0.686 0.917 0.965 0.798
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.340 0.338 0.425 -0.0864 0.161 1.03 0.645 0.588 0.854 0.934 0.722
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.372 0.371 0.425 -0.0544 0.131 1.80 0.674 0.631 0.754 0.918 0.722
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.419 0.416 0.424 -0.00818 0.0863 0.808 0.800 0.714 0.898 0.992 0.823
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.366 0.363 0.425 -0.0613 0.127 0.825 0.665 0.644 0.886 0.915 0.751
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.363 0.363 0.425 -0.0625 0.118 1.22 0.684 0.659 0.837 0.943 0.756
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.488 0.483 0.425 0.0572 0.119 0.754 0.692 0.664 0.914 0.964 0.780
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.447 0.448 0.425 0.0231 0.110 1.59 0.707 0.670 0.791 0.991 0.766
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [1]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [1]
Model Period Mean (complement) [1]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [1]
Bias [1]
RMSE [1]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 0.175
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 0.167 0.166 0.175 -0.00956 0.0519 1.57 0.564 0.496 0.770 0.977 0.661
CanESM5 [-] 0.215 0.218 0.175 0.0428 0.0718 1.67 0.438 0.502 0.759 0.687 0.578
CESM2 [-] 0.181 0.180 0.175 0.00425 0.0489 1.52 0.625 0.496 0.777 0.994 0.677
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 0.205 0.205 0.175 0.0291 0.0672 1.54 0.454 0.475 0.778 0.971 0.631
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 0.183 0.185 0.175 0.00830 0.0558 1.49 0.574 0.555 0.783 0.792 0.652
MeanCMIP6 [-] 0.190 0.190 0.175 0.0145 0.0405 1.44 0.601 0.567 0.787 0.989 0.702
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 0.158 0.163 0.175 -0.0131 0.0633 1.58 0.528 0.495 0.770 0.977 0.653
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 0.178 0.176 0.175 0.000572 0.0602 1.85 0.579 0.505 0.717 0.990 0.659
NorESM2-LM [-] 0.181 0.179 0.175 0.00355 0.0513 1.70 0.608 0.490 0.742 0.992 0.664
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 0.224 0.220 0.175 0.0445 0.0750 1.46 0.399 0.515 0.784 0.973 0.637

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
Data not available
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
Data not available
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CERES EBAF TOA and Surface Fluxes

  Version:
Ed4.1

  Institutions:
NASA Langley Research Center

  Source:
Monhtly mean surface fluxes calculated by a radiative transfer model and constrained by the combined Terra and Aqua SSF1deg measurements

  History:
2019-06-25: downloaded source from https://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/products-info.php?product=EBAF
2019-06-26: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-albedo-ceres.py

  References:
Loeb, N.G., D.R. Doelling, H. Wang, W. Su, C. Nguyen, J.G. Corbett, L. Liang, C. Mitrescu, F.G. Rose, and S. Kato (2018), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) Edition-4.0 Data Product, Journal of Climate, 31(2), 895-918, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0208.1

Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. E. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Su, and S.-H. Ham (2018), Surface irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) data product, Journal of Climate, 31, 4501-4527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1

  Comments:
time_period: 2000-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 1 degree
original_units: W m-2
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: unitless

  Convention:
CF-1.7