Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -49.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -44.7 -44.8 -49.4 4.93 12.5 1.72 0.602 0.474 0.740 0.986 0.655
CanESM5 [-] -54.0 -53.4 -49.4 -3.48 13.8 1.93 0.526 0.461 0.723 0.990 0.632
CESM2 [-] -48.9 -49.2 -49.4 0.736 10.3 1.47 0.609 0.548 0.810 0.964 0.696
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -45.0 -45.0 -49.4 4.36 10.9 1.59 0.619 0.521 0.770 0.992 0.685
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -48.1 -48.1 -49.4 1.61 15.0 2.12 0.615 0.366 0.683 0.990 0.604
MeanCMIP6 [-] -47.4 -47.8 -49.5 2.09 9.02 1.58 0.669 0.571 0.789 0.995 0.719
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -52.4 -51.7 -49.4 -2.02 11.5 1.47 0.577 0.528 0.801 0.962 0.679
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -45.8 -45.9 -49.4 3.74 12.6 2.26 0.564 0.452 0.649 0.975 0.618
NorESM2-LM [-] -47.9 -48.0 -49.4 2.15 10.9 1.69 0.601 0.521 0.777 0.948 0.673
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -48.0 -48.3 -49.4 1.57 10.8 1.46 0.618 0.513 0.801 0.992 0.687
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -60.9
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -68.0 -68.0 -60.9 -6.03 15.5 1.56 0.503 0.531 0.772 0.983 0.664
CanESM5 [-] -70.5 -70.6 -60.9 -8.03 17.1 1.60 0.507 0.500 0.774 0.982 0.652
CESM2 [-] -68.3 -68.3 -60.9 -5.68 14.2 1.49 0.526 0.566 0.789 0.984 0.686
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -66.2 -66.2 -60.9 -5.24 14.0 1.56 0.557 0.541 0.777 0.987 0.681
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -68.8 -68.8 -60.9 -6.60 16.7 1.67 0.494 0.517 0.759 0.981 0.654
MeanCMIP6 [-] -68.0 -68.0 -60.9 -5.77 12.5 1.37 0.553 0.617 0.810 0.987 0.717
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -66.0 -66.1 -60.9 -3.96 14.9 1.65 0.539 0.541 0.763 0.970 0.671
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -65.3 -65.3 -60.9 -3.27 13.1 1.57 0.565 0.552 0.773 0.986 0.686
NorESM2-LM [-] -69.2 -69.4 -60.9 -6.21 15.4 1.64 0.501 0.550 0.762 0.977 0.668
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -71.4 -71.4 -60.9 -9.14 16.1 1.53 0.492 0.555 0.782 0.964 0.669
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -100.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -110. -109. -100. -7.86 15.2 1.09 0.556 0.643 0.853 0.993 0.738
CanESM5 [-] -112. -112. -100. -9.86 17.8 1.29 0.548 0.565 0.827 0.995 0.700
CESM2 [-] -104. -105. -100. -2.82 11.8 0.935 0.664 0.663 0.876 0.979 0.769
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -107. -107. -100. -6.59 13.3 0.963 0.648 0.606 0.866 0.955 0.736
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -107. -108. -100. -6.52 16.4 1.10 0.534 0.622 0.851 0.987 0.723
MeanCMIP6 [-] -108. -108. -100. -6.53 11.8 0.838 0.634 0.721 0.890 0.981 0.790
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -104. -104. -100. -2.34 16.6 1.16 0.559 0.594 0.842 0.978 0.713
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -107. -107. -100. -4.35 11.8 1.04 0.677 0.659 0.856 0.991 0.768
NorESM2-LM [-] -106. -107. -100. -5.25 14.6 1.15 0.596 0.641 0.847 0.994 0.744
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -118. -118. -100. -16.4 21.0 1.18 0.457 0.593 0.831 0.982 0.691
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -89.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -87.9 -87.9 -89.5 1.65 13.9 0.737 0.693 0.655 0.919 0.948 0.774
CanESM5 [-] -91.1 -90.5 -89.5 -0.327 15.9 1.05 0.677 0.607 0.874 0.992 0.751
CESM2 [-] -99.1 -98.7 -89.5 -8.59 17.0 1.06 0.624 0.633 0.859 0.973 0.744
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -93.3 -93.2 -89.5 -3.71 15.1 1.20 0.662 0.639 0.855 0.885 0.736
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -91.0 -90.2 -89.5 -0.462 17.5 1.15 0.602 0.640 0.867 0.986 0.747
MeanCMIP6 [-] -92.3 -92.8 -89.5 -2.97 11.9 0.699 0.721 0.736 0.928 0.931 0.811
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -91.8 -92.1 -89.5 -2.04 16.1 1.09 0.647 0.656 0.872 0.966 0.759
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -96.4 -95.8 -89.5 -5.27 14.7 0.869 0.657 0.675 0.902 0.985 0.779
NorESM2-LM [-] -99.7 -99.1 -89.5 -8.83 16.8 1.03 0.613 0.657 0.876 0.964 0.753
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -99.4 -99.5 -89.5 -9.45 17.2 0.764 0.587 0.675 0.920 0.961 0.764
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -49.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -51.1 -47.7 -49.7 1.36 13.5 1.98 0.426 0.463 0.701 0.960 0.603
CanESM5 [-] -41.0 -49.2 -49.7 0.565 15.4 2.40 0.457 0.366 0.629 0.951 0.554
CESM2 [-] -39.3 -42.7 -49.7 5.62 12.7 1.96 0.453 0.455 0.702 0.986 0.610
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -47.4 -47.2 -49.7 2.54 12.8 2.21 0.442 0.473 0.666 0.976 0.606
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -37.6 -40.2 -49.7 6.07 17.1 2.42 0.363 0.442 0.612 0.797 0.531
MeanCMIP6 [-] -45.4 -45.2 -49.7 3.22 10.5 2.00 0.490 0.541 0.700 0.978 0.650
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -44.6 -44.1 -49.7 2.50 14.9 2.11 0.418 0.423 0.676 0.984 0.585
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -38.8 -39.4 -49.7 7.05 14.4 2.14 0.389 0.454 0.668 0.973 0.588
NorESM2-LM [-] -44.2 -45.5 -49.7 2.82 12.0 1.82 0.465 0.466 0.731 0.976 0.621
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -46.4 -46.8 -49.7 0.595 12.1 2.37 0.482 0.433 0.637 0.985 0.594
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -49.9
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -55.2 -55.3 -49.9 -5.38 15.5 1.60 0.511 0.423 0.760 0.989 0.621
CanESM5 [-] -56.6 -56.6 -49.9 -6.85 13.9 1.28 0.472 0.520 0.833 0.986 0.666
CESM2 [-] -58.8 -58.8 -49.9 -8.19 14.4 1.31 0.435 0.556 0.828 0.972 0.670
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -49.1 -49.5 -49.9 0.450 10.9 1.66 0.644 0.531 0.766 0.988 0.692
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -53.3 -54.4 -49.9 -4.11 17.0 2.00 0.504 0.395 0.700 0.975 0.594
MeanCMIP6 [-] -53.7 -54.1 -49.9 -4.11 11.1 1.37 0.572 0.570 0.816 0.988 0.703
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -54.2 -54.2 -49.9 -4.31 12.4 1.39 0.531 0.534 0.810 0.988 0.680
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -49.3 -49.1 -49.9 0.0943 11.7 1.65 0.595 0.510 0.762 0.979 0.671
NorESM2-LM [-] -59.2 -58.8 -49.9 -8.35 14.6 1.44 0.454 0.545 0.806 0.954 0.661
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -54.0 -53.9 -49.9 -4.02 13.9 1.79 0.544 0.437 0.731 0.991 0.628
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -35.4
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -47.3 -47.3 -35.3 -12.3 16.1 2.30 0.235 0.355 0.636 0.959 0.508
CanESM5 [-] -43.8 -46.0 -35.3 -10.6 18.3 2.31 0.230 0.297 0.648 0.917 0.478
CESM2 [-] -38.3 -38.0 -35.3 -3.97 11.1 2.04 0.322 0.417 0.687 0.861 0.541
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -43.4 -43.3 -35.3 -7.98 13.2 1.88 0.248 0.421 0.721 0.970 0.556
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -44.1 -44.6 -35.3 -10.3 16.0 2.20 0.219 0.418 0.660 0.966 0.536
MeanCMIP6 [-] -42.1 -41.8 -35.4 -7.54 12.0 2.10 0.280 0.476 0.681 0.891 0.561
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -29.5 -31.2 -35.3 1.13 11.9 2.28 0.327 0.399 0.647 0.971 0.548
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -37.4 -37.6 -35.3 -5.62 11.5 2.21 0.301 0.431 0.656 0.979 0.560
NorESM2-LM [-] -41.8 -41.5 -35.3 -7.07 12.5 2.13 0.275 0.416 0.680 0.835 0.524
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -46.9 -47.0 -35.3 -12.8 15.4 2.22 0.197 0.450 0.654 0.740 0.498
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -51.2
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -66.5 -66.5 -51.3 -14.4 18.2 1.66 0.374 0.502 0.757 0.979 0.623
CanESM5 [-] -66.3 -66.4 -51.3 -13.2 22.4 1.65 0.414 0.391 0.765 0.963 0.585
CESM2 [-] -64.1 -64.1 -51.3 -11.4 16.2 1.50 0.444 0.515 0.788 0.989 0.650
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -64.4 -64.3 -51.3 -13.0 18.1 1.59 0.392 0.468 0.771 0.978 0.616
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -65.9 -66.6 -51.3 -14.0 19.4 1.58 0.353 0.500 0.767 0.970 0.618
MeanCMIP6 [-] -63.8 -63.8 -51.2 -11.6 15.3 1.50 0.424 0.561 0.781 0.970 0.659
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -53.9 -54.2 -51.3 -2.85 15.2 1.75 0.487 0.506 0.745 0.980 0.645
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -58.7 -58.8 -51.3 -7.72 13.8 1.57 0.485 0.527 0.770 0.983 0.658
NorESM2-LM [-] -65.1 -65.4 -51.3 -12.3 18.1 1.72 0.409 0.491 0.744 0.984 0.624
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -68.1 -68.7 -51.3 -16.2 19.2 1.52 0.366 0.536 0.777 0.977 0.639
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -42.4
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -35.3 -35.3 -42.3 7.29 13.4 2.38 0.514 0.487 0.627 0.987 0.621
CanESM5 [-] -42.0 -41.7 -42.3 1.08 11.6 2.16 0.668 0.476 0.683 0.988 0.658
CESM2 [-] -35.5 -35.8 -42.3 7.16 13.8 2.37 0.495 0.507 0.621 0.851 0.596
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -38.3 -38.4 -42.3 3.91 11.3 2.57 0.624 0.505 0.594 0.989 0.644
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -41.0 -41.2 -42.3 0.998 13.2 2.26 0.628 0.433 0.665 0.988 0.629
MeanCMIP6 [-] -37.8 -37.9 -42.4 4.93 10.1 1.96 0.598 0.577 0.720 0.983 0.691
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -43.9 -43.9 -42.3 -1.18 11.3 2.39 0.680 0.486 0.631 0.939 0.644
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -35.7 -35.7 -42.3 7.15 14.6 2.47 0.498 0.442 0.619 0.967 0.593
NorESM2-LM [-] -33.2 -34.0 -42.3 9.24 14.8 2.72 0.462 0.482 0.555 0.931 0.582
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -38.4 -38.3 -42.3 4.18 10.4 1.91 0.614 0.556 0.733 0.989 0.690
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] -66.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] -71.0 -71.1 -66.7 -4.78 16.0 1.29 0.542 0.537 0.829 0.905 0.670
CanESM5 [-] -71.2 -72.4 -66.7 -5.92 16.7 1.10 0.512 0.567 0.862 0.978 0.697
CESM2 [-] -77.3 -77.5 -66.7 -10.5 17.5 1.10 0.460 0.587 0.864 0.968 0.693
GFDL-ESM4 [-] -68.8 -69.0 -66.7 -2.35 13.1 1.17 0.627 0.588 0.855 0.970 0.726
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] -69.4 -69.7 -66.7 -3.08 17.9 1.31 0.527 0.536 0.829 0.958 0.677
MeanCMIP6 [-] -71.0 -71.4 -66.7 -4.79 12.8 0.905 0.584 0.655 0.895 0.940 0.746
MIROC-ESM2L [-] -69.8 -70.4 -66.7 -3.37 15.3 1.27 0.566 0.601 0.844 0.988 0.720
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] -70.6 -70.5 -66.7 -3.85 13.1 1.20 0.616 0.590 0.844 0.989 0.726
NorESM2-LM [-] -77.1 -77.3 -66.7 -10.6 17.8 1.17 0.465 0.581 0.853 0.977 0.692
UKESM1-0-LL [-] -72.2 -72.0 -66.7 -5.54 15.8 1.50 0.559 0.536 0.793 0.986 0.682

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
Data not available
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
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CanESM5
Data not available
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CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
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UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CERES EBAF TOA and Surface Fluxes

  Version:
Ed4.1

  Institutions:
NASA Langley Research Center

  Source:
Monthly mean surface fluxes calculated by a radiative transfer model and constrained by the combined Terra and Aqua SSF1deg measurements

  History:
2019-06-25: downloaded source from https://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/products-info.php?product=EBAF
2019-08-13: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-rlns-ceres.py

  References:
Loeb, N.G., D.R. Doelling, H. Wang, W. Su, C. Nguyen, J.G. Corbett, L. Liang, C. Mitrescu, F.G. Rose, and S. Kato (2018), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) Edition-4.0 Data Product, Journal of Climate, 31(2), 895-918, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0208.1

Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. E. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Su, and S.-H. Ham (2018), Surface irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) data product, Journal of Climate, 31, 4501-4527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1

  Comments:
time_period: 2000-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 1 degree
original_units: W m-2
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: W m-2

  Convention:
CF-1.7