Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 53.3
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 43.2 43.2 53.3 -10.7 18.3 0.562 0.824 0.795 0.962 0.990 0.873
CanESM5 [-] 48.5 48.6 53.3 -5.46 14.6 0.412 0.864 0.834 0.971 0.983 0.897
CESM2 [-] 51.8 51.9 53.3 -1.91 13.2 0.419 0.896 0.828 0.972 0.991 0.903
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 49.4 49.7 53.3 -3.62 13.0 0.332 0.874 0.851 0.977 0.982 0.907
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 54.7 55.2 53.3 1.36 13.2 0.336 0.889 0.838 0.976 0.987 0.906
MeanCMIP6 [-] 46.4 47.2 53.6 -7.14 9.82 0.335 0.865 0.878 0.977 0.981 0.916
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 53.4 52.9 53.3 -0.840 14.6 0.219 0.875 0.821 0.984 0.985 0.897
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 56.3 56.6 53.3 2.86 12.4 0.208 0.900 0.843 0.985 0.992 0.912
NorESM2-LM [-] 49.2 49.1 53.3 -5.12 15.6 0.563 0.870 0.806 0.962 0.983 0.885
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 52.4 52.4 53.3 -1.55 13.0 0.489 0.885 0.843 0.967 0.984 0.905
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 82.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 76.7 76.7 82.5 -1.94 17.0 0.870 0.709 0.709 0.895 0.982 0.801
CanESM5 [-] 72.4 72.0 82.5 -5.38 16.6 0.867 0.726 0.705 0.899 0.987 0.804
CESM2 [-] 72.9 72.9 82.5 -4.57 14.9 0.755 0.738 0.735 0.910 0.987 0.821
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 74.3 74.2 82.5 -8.31 16.3 0.789 0.698 0.742 0.905 0.989 0.815
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 75.4 75.3 82.5 -2.20 17.2 0.875 0.713 0.701 0.892 0.984 0.798
MeanCMIP6 [-] 73.5 73.5 82.7 -5.09 12.0 0.656 0.757 0.773 0.925 0.993 0.844
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 80.8 80.4 82.5 0.999 18.0 0.909 0.734 0.674 0.882 0.990 0.790
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 78.1 78.2 82.5 1.15 14.9 0.763 0.741 0.731 0.908 0.985 0.819
NorESM2-LM [-] 74.3 74.1 82.5 -5.05 16.0 0.804 0.730 0.720 0.907 0.988 0.813
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 71.5 71.4 82.5 -5.76 15.8 0.812 0.725 0.732 0.902 0.991 0.816
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 88.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 90.4 90.7 88.7 4.96 17.2 0.919 0.631 0.741 0.892 0.967 0.794
CanESM5 [-] 78.8 78.1 88.7 -5.80 16.3 1.14 0.689 0.720 0.866 0.990 0.797
CESM2 [-] 83.5 83.4 88.7 -1.60 12.4 0.827 0.739 0.779 0.907 0.989 0.839
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 80.0 80.6 88.7 -8.06 13.1 0.952 0.720 0.781 0.895 0.989 0.833
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 82.3 80.7 88.7 -3.41 17.0 1.07 0.654 0.722 0.872 0.968 0.788
MeanCMIP6 [-] 81.2 81.3 88.8 -4.12 10.7 0.800 0.734 0.807 0.914 0.994 0.851
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 86.6 85.9 88.7 0.537 17.7 1.19 0.657 0.707 0.849 0.988 0.782
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 79.9 79.9 88.7 -4.12 12.9 0.925 0.734 0.772 0.892 0.992 0.832
NorESM2-LM [-] 82.8 82.1 88.7 -2.72 14.2 0.884 0.707 0.763 0.907 0.990 0.826
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 74.4 74.2 88.7 -10.2 17.2 1.03 0.658 0.746 0.875 0.986 0.802
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 74.8
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 71.2 71.0 74.8 -2.51 13.9 0.399 0.834 0.817 0.969 0.987 0.885
CanESM5 [-] 59.8 59.2 74.8 -11.9 20.7 0.627 0.726 0.780 0.946 0.842 0.815
CESM2 [-] 72.4 72.0 74.8 -1.58 13.5 0.324 0.848 0.811 0.975 0.985 0.886
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 69.5 69.5 74.8 -5.22 12.8 0.337 0.820 0.859 0.974 0.958 0.894
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 67.9 67.4 74.8 -5.03 18.7 0.528 0.753 0.794 0.956 0.805 0.820
MeanCMIP6 [-] 67.2 66.5 75.0 -6.94 11.3 0.304 0.808 0.863 0.977 0.943 0.891
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 73.1 72.4 74.8 -0.656 16.7 0.376 0.810 0.778 0.972 0.951 0.858
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 73.2 73.1 74.8 -0.169 13.0 0.392 0.833 0.834 0.969 0.966 0.887
NorESM2-LM [-] 71.8 70.7 74.8 -2.52 14.1 0.363 0.832 0.812 0.971 0.974 0.880
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 63.6 64.6 74.8 -8.26 15.8 0.380 0.784 0.822 0.971 0.988 0.877
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 67.8
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 79.5 80.3 67.8 3.31 25.0 0.688 0.652 0.644 0.908 0.839 0.737
CanESM5 [-] 66.9 85.5 67.8 7.81 21.6 1.07 0.690 0.650 0.849 0.928 0.753
CESM2 [-] 77.9 82.1 67.8 7.33 17.3 0.695 0.721 0.689 0.908 0.989 0.799
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 74.5 74.5 67.8 6.89 16.6 0.852 0.714 0.717 0.877 0.961 0.797
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 67.0 71.5 67.8 0.287 21.5 0.967 0.698 0.637 0.852 0.984 0.762
MeanCMIP6 [-] 78.9 80.4 68.1 4.44 15.0 0.683 0.715 0.737 0.902 0.957 0.810
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 78.1 88.7 67.8 15.2 22.0 0.709 0.648 0.727 0.899 0.973 0.795
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 79.2 82.2 67.8 10.4 19.6 0.770 0.686 0.669 0.889 0.929 0.768
NorESM2-LM [-] 81.8 82.2 67.8 7.18 19.2 0.985 0.710 0.654 0.870 0.960 0.770
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 87.6 87.0 67.8 7.99 17.8 0.792 0.718 0.712 0.881 0.980 0.800
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 77.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 73.0 73.7 77.5 -4.33 14.2 0.531 0.852 0.817 0.957 0.979 0.884
CanESM5 [-] 76.4 75.2 77.5 -1.94 12.2 0.558 0.874 0.836 0.956 0.995 0.899
CESM2 [-] 76.1 76.0 77.5 -1.19 11.5 0.531 0.889 0.839 0.957 0.996 0.904
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 69.3 70.0 77.5 -7.47 13.1 0.504 0.838 0.849 0.957 0.996 0.898
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 80.1 80.3 77.5 3.02 13.5 0.623 0.862 0.824 0.949 0.995 0.891
MeanCMIP6 [-] 72.3 73.0 77.8 -4.85 9.14 0.475 0.860 0.875 0.963 0.995 0.914
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 80.9 80.1 77.5 2.45 13.3 0.614 0.872 0.823 0.949 0.996 0.893
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 80.7 80.4 77.5 2.60 11.9 0.531 0.882 0.839 0.956 0.993 0.902
NorESM2-LM [-] 76.0 77.0 77.5 -0.550 12.4 0.550 0.887 0.822 0.956 0.993 0.896
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 73.6 73.9 77.5 -3.06 12.0 0.475 0.866 0.850 0.963 0.996 0.905
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 138.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 152. 152. 138. 15.7 23.7 2.44 0.364 0.472 0.613 0.981 0.580
CanESM5 [-] 145. 143. 138. 7.45 20.0 1.53 0.454 0.482 0.784 0.967 0.634
CESM2 [-] 132. 132. 138. -3.37 15.9 1.44 0.575 0.528 0.790 0.996 0.683
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 133. 133. 138. -4.22 16.7 1.74 0.563 0.503 0.729 0.987 0.657
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 128. 129. 138. -5.20 24.3 1.57 0.457 0.441 0.763 0.688 0.558
MeanCMIP6 [-] 140. 140. 138. 4.25 14.1 1.17 0.551 0.613 0.834 0.993 0.721
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 149. 147. 138. 8.85 18.4 1.69 0.484 0.513 0.741 0.988 0.648
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 153. 153. 138. 18.4 24.9 1.82 0.350 0.468 0.716 0.964 0.593
NorESM2-LM [-] 138. 138. 138. 2.86 14.9 1.58 0.628 0.539 0.765 0.967 0.688
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 138. 138. 138. 2.90 16.6 2.28 0.533 0.532 0.626 0.995 0.644
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 137.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 136. 136. 137. 1.80 17.5 1.61 0.632 0.570 0.767 0.962 0.700
CanESM5 [-] 129. 128. 137. -4.22 17.9 1.59 0.643 0.571 0.777 0.946 0.702
CESM2 [-] 124. 123. 137. -8.79 17.8 1.52 0.604 0.605 0.781 0.964 0.712
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 121. 121. 137. -15.4 21.1 1.53 0.509 0.609 0.777 0.971 0.695
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 130. 129. 137. -3.69 18.8 1.74 0.644 0.523 0.742 0.983 0.683
MeanCMIP6 [-] 129. 129. 137. -5.14 13.1 1.28 0.681 0.672 0.822 0.992 0.768
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 136. 136. 137. 1.23 16.6 1.79 0.656 0.586 0.724 0.990 0.708
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 135. 135. 137. 3.00 16.3 1.44 0.651 0.592 0.800 0.960 0.719
NorESM2-LM [-] 125. 124. 137. -8.19 18.4 1.53 0.599 0.589 0.781 0.972 0.706
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 124. 124. 137. -8.21 18.7 1.46 0.610 0.583 0.792 0.930 0.700
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 23.1
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 15.9 16.0 23.1 -7.54 20.3 0.491 0.828 0.709 0.965 0.947 0.831
CanESM5 [-] 20.9 21.2 23.1 -3.31 15.6 0.446 0.858 0.760 0.969 0.948 0.859
CESM2 [-] 21.1 21.3 23.1 -2.33 15.8 0.241 0.864 0.753 0.983 0.962 0.863
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 26.4 26.6 23.1 3.52 19.0 0.367 0.830 0.723 0.974 0.952 0.840
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 28.7 29.0 23.1 4.67 18.9 0.312 0.796 0.747 0.978 0.885 0.830
MeanCMIP6 [-] 20.6 20.9 23.3 -3.35 13.6 0.252 0.866 0.784 0.982 0.970 0.877
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 26.2 26.4 23.1 2.36 17.8 0.342 0.836 0.732 0.976 0.925 0.840
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 28.7 28.7 23.1 5.47 17.7 0.343 0.822 0.748 0.976 0.947 0.848
NorESM2-LM [-] 17.9 18.9 23.1 -5.39 19.0 0.367 0.849 0.717 0.974 0.962 0.844
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 24.5 24.4 23.1 0.440 15.8 0.457 0.852 0.763 0.968 0.963 0.862
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 82.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 78.3 78.1 82.5 -2.98 12.7 0.548 0.862 0.840 0.954 0.983 0.896
CanESM5 [-] 72.8 72.0 82.5 -7.93 16.2 0.545 0.811 0.826 0.955 0.963 0.876
CESM2 [-] 78.1 77.9 82.5 -2.89 13.6 0.442 0.861 0.825 0.964 0.996 0.894
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 74.5 74.5 82.5 -8.04 14.0 0.472 0.825 0.854 0.962 0.994 0.898
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 82.3 81.3 82.5 0.729 14.2 0.568 0.851 0.822 0.951 0.991 0.887
MeanCMIP6 [-] 75.5 75.4 82.8 -5.88 10.1 0.406 0.849 0.877 0.967 0.991 0.912
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 84.4 84.1 82.5 2.91 14.7 0.477 0.844 0.819 0.959 0.990 0.886
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 83.8 83.7 82.5 2.61 12.5 0.458 0.864 0.842 0.963 0.996 0.902
NorESM2-LM [-] 78.7 78.1 82.5 -2.75 13.8 0.461 0.858 0.823 0.962 0.996 0.892
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 74.5 74.2 82.5 -6.22 13.1 0.412 0.842 0.853 0.965 0.996 0.902

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
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CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
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NorESM2-LM
Data not available
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UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CERES EBAF TOA and Surface Fluxes

  Version:
Ed4.1

  Institutions:
NASA Langley Research Center

  Source:
Monthly mean surface fluxes calculated by a radiative transfer model and constrained by the combined Terra and Aqua SSF1deg measurements

  History:
2019-06-25: downloaded source from https://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/products-info.php?product=EBAF
2019-08-13: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-rns-ceres.py

  References:
Loeb, N.G., D.R. Doelling, H. Wang, W. Su, C. Nguyen, J.G. Corbett, L. Liang, C. Mitrescu, F.G. Rose, and S. Kato (2018), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) Edition-4.0 Data Product, Journal of Climate, 31(2), 895-918, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0208.1

Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. E. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Su, and S.-H. Ham (2018), Surface irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) data product, Journal of Climate, 31, 4501-4527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1

  Comments:
time_period: 2000-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 1 degree
original_units: W m-2
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: W m-2

  Convention:
CF-1.7