Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 64.0
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 41.7 41.7 64.0 -22.9 28.1 0.556 0.660 0.748 0.959 0.977 0.818
CanESM5 [-] 47.3 47.6 64.0 -17.2 24.1 0.359 0.736 0.747 0.973 0.984 0.837
CESM2 [-] 50.0 50.1 64.0 -14.4 21.4 0.334 0.769 0.763 0.978 0.968 0.848
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 48.7 48.9 64.0 -15.1 19.2 0.293 0.754 0.823 0.979 0.992 0.875
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 53.9 54.5 64.0 -10.1 17.8 0.215 0.826 0.784 0.984 0.992 0.874
MeanCMIP6 [-] 49.2 50.0 64.0 -14.7 18.8 0.277 0.762 0.810 0.981 0.995 0.871
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 52.3 51.8 64.0 -12.7 22.8 0.199 0.783 0.722 0.985 0.991 0.841
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 55.4 55.8 64.0 -8.74 15.7 0.163 0.830 0.812 0.989 0.972 0.883
NorESM2-LM [-] 47.7 47.6 64.0 -17.3 23.9 0.581 0.731 0.753 0.959 0.956 0.830
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 51.1 51.1 64.0 -13.6 19.3 0.440 0.775 0.791 0.968 0.994 0.864
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 79.1
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 76.0 75.9 79.1 0.680 25.4 0.856 0.579 0.670 0.899 0.872 0.738
CanESM5 [-] 72.0 71.6 79.1 -2.52 22.3 0.917 0.640 0.674 0.891 0.896 0.755
CESM2 [-] 72.3 72.3 79.1 -1.76 21.1 0.830 0.662 0.684 0.901 0.889 0.764
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 74.3 74.1 79.1 -4.99 19.0 0.893 0.680 0.714 0.889 0.918 0.783
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 75.1 74.9 79.1 0.744 22.6 0.896 0.653 0.660 0.887 0.887 0.749
MeanCMIP6 [-] 74.4 74.4 79.1 -0.578 18.7 0.695 0.662 0.729 0.920 0.907 0.789
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 80.4 80.0 79.1 3.94 24.4 0.937 0.623 0.641 0.882 0.913 0.740
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 77.7 77.7 79.1 4.04 20.9 0.799 0.640 0.693 0.904 0.888 0.764
NorESM2-LM [-] 73.6 73.4 79.1 -2.39 22.3 0.915 0.649 0.672 0.890 0.894 0.756
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 70.9 70.9 79.1 -2.96 19.0 0.843 0.683 0.712 0.900 0.925 0.786
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 67.9
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 90.0 90.3 67.9 25.3 32.1 1.01 0.428 0.647 0.878 0.946 0.709
CanESM5 [-] 78.6 77.9 67.9 14.8 24.4 1.42 0.585 0.648 0.813 0.983 0.735
CESM2 [-] 83.3 83.2 67.9 19.0 25.9 1.12 0.528 0.659 0.866 0.975 0.737
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 80.4 81.0 67.9 13.2 20.6 1.29 0.614 0.692 0.830 0.977 0.761
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 82.0 80.4 67.9 17.1 26.0 1.24 0.569 0.645 0.833 0.971 0.733
MeanCMIP6 [-] 81.8 81.9 67.9 17.5 23.4 1.04 0.551 0.691 0.870 0.979 0.756
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 86.6 85.8 67.9 21.2 29.5 1.39 0.486 0.639 0.818 0.982 0.713
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 79.8 79.8 67.9 16.5 24.1 1.10 0.565 0.666 0.858 0.987 0.749
NorESM2-LM [-] 82.3 81.6 67.9 17.6 25.8 1.16 0.548 0.651 0.862 0.976 0.737
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 74.7 74.4 67.9 10.8 21.1 1.18 0.618 0.699 0.846 0.974 0.767
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 68.4
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 70.6 70.5 68.4 3.51 23.2 0.848 0.769 0.644 0.929 0.977 0.793
CanESM5 [-] 59.1 58.5 68.4 -6.26 27.0 1.01 0.703 0.636 0.903 0.821 0.740
CESM2 [-] 72.2 71.8 68.4 4.68 23.8 0.823 0.774 0.628 0.933 0.976 0.788
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 69.5 69.5 68.4 1.20 19.9 0.816 0.779 0.699 0.934 0.950 0.812
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 67.5 67.0 68.4 1.07 26.8 1.05 0.685 0.642 0.897 0.789 0.731
MeanCMIP6 [-] 69.3 68.8 68.4 1.80 21.0 0.802 0.784 0.671 0.938 0.972 0.807
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 72.6 72.0 68.4 5.43 25.8 0.750 0.761 0.613 0.940 0.941 0.773
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 73.1 72.9 68.4 6.15 21.3 0.762 0.770 0.675 0.941 0.957 0.803
NorESM2-LM [-] 71.2 70.2 68.4 3.25 23.9 0.836 0.773 0.633 0.930 0.961 0.786
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 63.3 64.3 68.4 -2.18 18.4 0.737 0.781 0.733 0.941 0.983 0.834
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 73.9
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 79.1 79.9 73.9 -3.24 25.3 0.785 0.631 0.684 0.893 0.794 0.737
CanESM5 [-] 66.3 85.1 73.9 1.52 21.8 0.880 0.712 0.661 0.881 0.907 0.764
CESM2 [-] 77.1 81.6 73.9 0.788 16.1 0.887 0.778 0.707 0.872 0.982 0.809
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 74.7 74.7 73.9 0.904 15.9 0.868 0.742 0.747 0.871 0.943 0.810
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 66.3 71.3 73.9 -6.06 20.9 0.869 0.720 0.672 0.873 0.986 0.785
MeanCMIP6 [-] 80.7 82.0 73.9 0.620 14.1 0.668 0.769 0.766 0.901 0.956 0.832
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 76.9 87.8 73.9 8.35 18.5 0.840 0.719 0.741 0.873 0.960 0.807
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 78.9 81.9 73.9 3.99 17.4 0.553 0.738 0.722 0.924 0.906 0.802
NorESM2-LM [-] 81.2 81.4 73.9 0.250 17.0 0.684 0.765 0.704 0.901 0.948 0.804
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 86.5 86.3 73.9 1.06 16.0 0.666 0.768 0.754 0.905 0.972 0.831
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 77.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 71.6 72.3 77.5 -5.69 20.5 0.494 0.784 0.729 0.960 0.947 0.830
CanESM5 [-] 75.5 74.4 77.5 -2.76 18.9 0.496 0.809 0.741 0.960 0.979 0.846
CESM2 [-] 74.9 74.7 77.5 -2.39 16.9 0.444 0.834 0.754 0.961 0.992 0.859
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 68.4 69.1 77.5 -8.36 16.7 0.505 0.796 0.797 0.955 0.988 0.867
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 79.1 79.3 77.5 2.00 18.1 0.457 0.819 0.747 0.960 0.982 0.851
MeanCMIP6 [-] 74.5 75.3 77.5 -2.28 15.8 0.397 0.830 0.779 0.968 0.986 0.868
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 79.9 79.0 77.5 1.42 19.5 0.495 0.813 0.729 0.959 0.980 0.842
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 79.6 79.3 77.5 1.44 15.9 0.379 0.822 0.784 0.967 0.968 0.865
NorESM2-LM [-] 74.7 75.7 77.5 -1.81 18.8 0.500 0.818 0.732 0.958 0.969 0.842
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 72.6 73.0 77.5 -4.05 17.0 0.490 0.812 0.774 0.961 0.983 0.861
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 130.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 151. 152. 130. 22.8 27.7 2.22 0.351 0.570 0.643 0.994 0.626
CanESM5 [-] 144. 142. 130. 14.5 23.3 1.82 0.438 0.522 0.733 0.996 0.642
CESM2 [-] 131. 131. 130. 3.81 15.6 1.45 0.614 0.598 0.790 0.972 0.715
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 133. 133. 130. 3.45 16.2 1.61 0.605 0.576 0.750 0.909 0.683
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 127. 128. 130. 1.87 25.8 1.82 0.429 0.502 0.713 0.786 0.587
MeanCMIP6 [-] 140. 140. 130. 12.0 17.0 1.48 0.511 0.682 0.783 0.913 0.714
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 149. 146. 130. 16.2 23.0 1.81 0.395 0.595 0.727 0.921 0.646
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 152. 152. 130. 25.5 30.2 1.89 0.300 0.540 0.715 0.997 0.618
NorESM2-LM [-] 137. 137. 130. 9.95 16.6 1.44 0.555 0.612 0.801 0.876 0.691
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 137. 137. 130. 9.82 16.3 1.90 0.566 0.631 0.697 0.975 0.700
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 124.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 136. 135. 124. 14.4 22.8 1.37 0.515 0.590 0.806 0.992 0.699
CanESM5 [-] 129. 128. 124. 8.51 19.3 1.41 0.609 0.600 0.809 0.995 0.722
CESM2 [-] 124. 123. 124. 4.11 16.2 1.51 0.679 0.622 0.782 0.994 0.740
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 122. 122. 124. -1.84 16.0 1.58 0.682 0.631 0.769 0.988 0.740
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 130. 129. 124. 9.21 21.8 1.61 0.602 0.542 0.767 0.981 0.687
MeanCMIP6 [-] 129. 129. 124. 8.12 15.3 1.12 0.641 0.691 0.850 0.961 0.767
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 137. 136. 124. 14.1 23.3 1.64 0.479 0.612 0.756 0.892 0.670
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 135. 135. 124. 15.7 22.4 1.40 0.507 0.610 0.808 0.994 0.706
NorESM2-LM [-] 124. 124. 124. 4.28 17.8 1.68 0.653 0.598 0.750 0.990 0.718
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 124. 124. 124. 4.39 17.2 1.37 0.660 0.623 0.813 0.996 0.743
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 40.1
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 14.5 14.5 40.1 -26.0 28.2 0.464 0.589 0.722 0.969 0.877 0.776
CanESM5 [-] 20.3 20.5 40.1 -21.1 22.4 0.379 0.652 0.750 0.975 0.874 0.800
CESM2 [-] 19.7 19.9 40.1 -20.7 22.8 0.217 0.654 0.736 0.986 0.893 0.801
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 26.1 26.2 40.1 -13.9 18.3 0.361 0.746 0.745 0.976 0.906 0.823
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 28.3 28.7 40.1 -12.9 18.8 0.287 0.762 0.740 0.981 0.806 0.806
MeanCMIP6 [-] 22.6 22.9 40.1 -18.1 17.8 0.190 0.688 0.790 0.987 0.932 0.837
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 25.7 25.9 40.1 -15.2 21.9 0.329 0.738 0.675 0.978 0.958 0.805
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 27.9 27.9 40.1 -12.4 16.6 0.364 0.765 0.765 0.976 0.912 0.837
NorESM2-LM [-] 17.0 18.0 40.1 -23.3 25.8 0.331 0.624 0.718 0.978 0.908 0.789
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 23.0 23.0 40.1 -18.2 19.7 0.374 0.692 0.767 0.975 0.933 0.827
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [Watt m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [Watt m-2]
Bias [Watt m-2]
RMSE [Watt m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 78.9
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 77.4 77.2 78.9 -0.327 20.0 0.549 0.791 0.723 0.953 0.958 0.830
CanESM5 [-] 72.0 71.2 78.9 -5.14 22.5 0.624 0.749 0.721 0.949 0.926 0.813
CESM2 [-] 77.6 77.4 78.9 0.178 19.7 0.449 0.806 0.712 0.964 0.992 0.837
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 73.9 73.9 78.9 -5.02 16.5 0.484 0.804 0.793 0.960 0.991 0.868
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 81.5 80.5 78.9 3.59 21.3 0.593 0.777 0.710 0.951 0.974 0.824
MeanCMIP6 [-] 77.6 77.5 78.9 0.0651 17.4 0.424 0.806 0.754 0.966 0.989 0.854
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 83.6 83.4 78.9 5.78 22.6 0.485 0.767 0.694 0.959 0.970 0.817
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 83.0 83.0 78.9 5.46 18.1 0.417 0.795 0.750 0.965 0.981 0.848
NorESM2-LM [-] 77.8 77.2 78.9 0.0162 20.3 0.489 0.796 0.706 0.959 0.984 0.830
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 74.0 73.7 78.9 -3.23 16.3 0.523 0.810 0.783 0.957 0.989 0.864

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
Data not available
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
Data not available
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
derived GEWEX SRB Radiation

  Source_file:
This product is generated from monthly 1 degree GEWEX SRB Radiation observations

  Conventions:
Please contact Prof. James Randerson (Email: jranders@uci.edu) or Dr. Mingquan Mu (mmu@uci.edu) for any question

  Creation_date:
Tue Jul 1 08:16:58 PDT 2014

  Approach:
To obtain surface net radiation from GEWEX SRB radiation data, first I subtracted surface all-sky upward shortwave (sw_sfc_up) from surface all-sky downward shortwave (sw_sfc_dn) to get surface net shortwave radiation(rsns). Using the same way, I also got surface net longwave radiation (rlns = lw_sfc_dn-lw_sfc_up). Then, I added rsns and rlns to get surface net radiation (rns). Meanwhile, the data were also binned from original 1.0x1.0 resolution to final 0.5x0.5 resolution.

  Temporal resolution:
monthly

  General information:
This product was derived from NASA GEWEX SRB radiation dataset.

  Spatial resolution:
0.5x0.5 degree

  Derived data code:
http://redwood.ess.uci.edu/mingquan/www/ILAMB/Download/CODES/CODES/subroutines/convert/convert-radiation-gewex.srb.ncl