Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 103.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 87.9 88.0 103. -15.7 24.1 0.566 0.782 0.767 0.961 0.989 0.853
CanESM5 [-] 102. 102. 103. -1.98 19.3 0.344 0.845 0.797 0.975 0.993 0.882
CESM2 [-] 101. 101. 103. -2.64 15.6 0.521 0.875 0.822 0.964 0.960 0.889
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 94.4 94.7 103. -7.99 15.7 0.375 0.857 0.832 0.974 0.998 0.898
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 103. 103. 103. -0.242 19.0 0.398 0.873 0.788 0.971 0.994 0.883
MeanCMIP6 [-] 93.8 95.0 103. -9.23 11.4 0.358 0.858 0.865 0.974 0.999 0.912
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 106. 105. 103. 1.18 18.0 0.269 0.849 0.807 0.980 0.986 0.886
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 102. 103. 103. -0.887 14.1 0.267 0.886 0.837 0.979 0.973 0.902
NorESM2-LM [-] 97.0 97.1 103. -7.26 19.6 0.598 0.840 0.789 0.958 0.939 0.863
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 100. 101. 103. -3.12 13.9 0.636 0.898 0.833 0.956 0.998 0.904
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 144.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 145. 145. 143. 4.09 21.7 0.733 0.705 0.702 0.919 0.984 0.803
CanESM5 [-] 143. 143. 143. 2.65 18.8 0.759 0.748 0.715 0.915 0.994 0.818
CESM2 [-] 141. 141. 143. 1.12 16.3 0.622 0.781 0.733 0.933 0.993 0.835
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 141. 140. 143. -3.07 15.2 0.658 0.800 0.733 0.931 0.998 0.839
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 144. 144. 143. 4.41 20.6 0.728 0.743 0.688 0.920 0.994 0.806
MeanCMIP6 [-] 141. 141. 144. 0.680 12.4 0.526 0.808 0.789 0.946 0.998 0.866
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 147. 147. 143. 4.96 19.9 0.707 0.724 0.693 0.918 0.990 0.804
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 143. 143. 143. 4.41 15.9 0.604 0.774 0.747 0.938 0.993 0.840
NorESM2-LM [-] 144. 143. 143. 1.15 18.6 0.672 0.754 0.711 0.927 0.990 0.819
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 143. 143. 143. 3.38 15.4 0.699 0.782 0.750 0.924 0.996 0.840
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 189.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 200. 200. 189. 12.8 21.5 0.650 0.630 0.731 0.936 0.862 0.778
CanESM5 [-] 190. 190. 189. 4.05 15.6 0.922 0.734 0.742 0.904 0.998 0.824
CESM2 [-] 188. 188. 189. 1.22 12.5 0.692 0.770 0.792 0.929 0.999 0.856
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 187. 187. 189. -1.46 12.3 0.975 0.814 0.741 0.901 0.998 0.839
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 189. 189. 189. 3.11 16.1 0.755 0.754 0.714 0.929 0.990 0.820
MeanCMIP6 [-] 189. 189. 189. 2.41 10.4 0.604 0.812 0.823 0.945 0.992 0.879
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 191. 190. 189. 2.87 19.4 0.709 0.686 0.695 0.924 0.912 0.782
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 187. 187. 189. 0.232 11.1 0.650 0.803 0.802 0.940 0.998 0.869
NorESM2-LM [-] 189. 189. 189. 2.52 15.5 0.699 0.737 0.754 0.926 0.998 0.834
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 193. 193. 189. 6.24 14.3 0.541 0.727 0.794 0.951 0.990 0.851
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 165.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 159. 159. 164. -4.16 18.0 0.524 0.863 0.808 0.961 0.998 0.887
CanESM5 [-] 151. 150. 164. -11.6 24.1 0.455 0.774 0.785 0.962 0.908 0.843
CESM2 [-] 172. 171. 164. 7.01 15.8 0.268 0.853 0.851 0.981 0.998 0.907
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 163. 163. 164. -1.51 13.7 0.441 0.888 0.847 0.968 0.999 0.910
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 159. 158. 164. -4.57 21.0 0.676 0.823 0.799 0.947 0.975 0.869
MeanCMIP6 [-] 159. 159. 165. -3.97 11.1 0.251 0.883 0.882 0.983 0.994 0.925
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 165. 164. 164. 1.38 19.8 0.327 0.828 0.811 0.976 0.997 0.884
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 170. 169. 164. 5.10 12.7 0.477 0.889 0.873 0.964 0.998 0.920
NorESM2-LM [-] 171. 170. 164. 6.30 15.6 0.261 0.859 0.848 0.980 0.999 0.907
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 163. 164. 164. 1.19 14.5 0.290 0.863 0.867 0.979 0.997 0.915
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 118.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 131. 128. 118. 1.95 29.6 0.670 0.592 0.624 0.915 0.804 0.712
CanESM5 [-] 108. 135. 118. 7.25 27.0 1.01 0.667 0.613 0.874 0.899 0.733
CESM2 [-] 117. 125. 118. 1.71 18.8 0.860 0.742 0.659 0.888 0.987 0.787
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 122. 122. 118. 4.35 19.7 0.807 0.690 0.671 0.891 0.953 0.775
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 105. 112. 118. -5.78 29.3 0.958 0.641 0.617 0.857 0.957 0.738
MeanCMIP6 [-] 124. 126. 118. 1.22 15.3 0.652 0.719 0.724 0.917 0.964 0.810
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 123. 133. 118. 12.7 21.3 0.801 0.667 0.704 0.891 0.983 0.790
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 118. 122. 118. 3.36 20.9 0.807 0.686 0.650 0.889 0.933 0.761
NorESM2-LM [-] 126. 128. 118. 4.36 21.3 1.06 0.716 0.632 0.870 0.955 0.761
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 134. 134. 118. 7.40 19.5 0.819 0.720 0.697 0.889 0.975 0.795
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 128.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 128. 129. 127. 1.05 21.9 0.539 0.828 0.734 0.952 0.957 0.841
CanESM5 [-] 133. 132. 127. 4.91 16.6 0.627 0.836 0.800 0.945 0.993 0.875
CESM2 [-] 135. 135. 127. 7.00 16.3 0.554 0.823 0.812 0.953 0.993 0.879
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 118. 119. 127. -7.92 15.0 0.481 0.844 0.816 0.960 0.998 0.887
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 133. 135. 127. 7.12 22.8 0.601 0.786 0.751 0.947 0.975 0.842
MeanCMIP6 [-] 126. 127. 128. -0.742 12.7 0.431 0.880 0.835 0.964 0.988 0.901
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 135. 134. 127. 6.76 17.3 0.668 0.829 0.791 0.942 0.998 0.870
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 130. 130. 127. 2.51 14.8 0.561 0.852 0.818 0.951 0.976 0.883
NorESM2-LM [-] 135. 136. 127. 7.80 18.6 0.554 0.804 0.791 0.953 0.962 0.860
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 128. 128. 127. 0.960 15.7 0.511 0.872 0.788 0.956 0.992 0.879
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 173.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 199. 200. 173. 28.0 34.0 2.54 0.310 0.427 0.592 0.896 0.530
CanESM5 [-] 189. 189. 173. 18.0 30.4 1.82 0.333 0.419 0.730 0.788 0.538
CESM2 [-] 170. 170. 173. 0.593 20.0 1.42 0.521 0.461 0.797 0.946 0.637
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 176. 177. 173. 3.76 20.4 1.70 0.493 0.453 0.742 0.972 0.623
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 172. 173. 173. 5.09 33.7 1.60 0.309 0.392 0.754 0.481 0.465
MeanCMIP6 [-] 182. 182. 173. 11.8 19.6 1.39 0.472 0.568 0.799 0.993 0.680
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 179. 178. 173. 7.72 20.9 1.76 0.477 0.478 0.735 0.994 0.632
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 190. 190. 173. 24.0 31.2 1.60 0.285 0.442 0.759 0.818 0.549
NorESM2-LM [-] 180. 180. 173. 9.94 19.4 1.52 0.541 0.480 0.784 0.992 0.655
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 185. 185. 173. 15.7 23.5 2.65 0.431 0.470 0.571 0.985 0.585
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 188.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 202. 202. 188. 16.2 24.5 1.21 0.523 0.561 0.839 0.998 0.696
CanESM5 [-] 195. 195. 188. 8.99 24.2 1.32 0.582 0.513 0.826 0.995 0.686
CESM2 [-] 188. 188. 188. 2.60 19.2 1.07 0.669 0.541 0.863 0.999 0.723
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 185. 185. 188. -2.39 17.1 0.929 0.678 0.580 0.886 0.999 0.744
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 196. 196. 188. 10.3 26.4 1.33 0.567 0.463 0.821 0.996 0.662
MeanCMIP6 [-] 192. 192. 188. 6.46 15.4 0.881 0.690 0.641 0.893 0.950 0.763
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 190. 191. 188. 4.08 20.1 1.25 0.616 0.562 0.826 0.902 0.694
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 194. 194. 188. 10.7 20.6 0.947 0.596 0.574 0.888 0.990 0.725
NorESM2-LM [-] 190. 189. 188. 4.08 21.3 1.12 0.630 0.526 0.855 0.974 0.702
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 192. 193. 188. 7.94 18.9 1.24 0.646 0.566 0.837 0.994 0.722
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 65.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 51.2 51.3 65.4 -14.8 24.6 0.528 0.791 0.733 0.963 0.986 0.841
CanESM5 [-] 62.9 63.0 65.4 -4.39 16.9 0.463 0.882 0.795 0.969 0.988 0.886
CESM2 [-] 56.6 57.1 65.4 -9.49 19.7 0.239 0.847 0.770 0.984 0.980 0.870
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 64.7 65.0 65.4 -0.390 18.5 0.401 0.897 0.767 0.973 0.994 0.880
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 69.7 70.2 65.4 3.67 18.1 0.333 0.865 0.789 0.978 0.974 0.879
MeanCMIP6 [-] 58.4 58.8 65.7 -8.28 13.1 0.287 0.877 0.833 0.981 0.989 0.903
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 70.2 70.2 65.4 3.54 16.7 0.351 0.848 0.796 0.976 0.954 0.874
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 64.3 64.4 65.4 -1.68 16.8 0.387 0.889 0.790 0.974 0.992 0.887
NorESM2-LM [-] 51.0 52.8 65.4 -14.6 25.3 0.369 0.789 0.725 0.975 0.989 0.841
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 62.8 62.7 65.4 -3.74 15.0 0.512 0.887 0.816 0.966 0.990 0.895
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 149.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 149. 149. 149. 1.80 19.4 0.543 0.844 0.784 0.956 0.993 0.872
CanESM5 [-] 144. 144. 149. -2.00 18.8 0.461 0.826 0.804 0.961 0.989 0.877
CESM2 [-] 155. 155. 149. 7.62 17.5 0.397 0.822 0.826 0.969 0.991 0.887
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 143. 143. 149. -5.69 14.3 0.398 0.873 0.835 0.969 0.998 0.902
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 152. 151. 149. 3.81 22.5 0.554 0.795 0.784 0.956 0.995 0.863
MeanCMIP6 [-] 147. 147. 149. -1.10 12.4 0.332 0.889 0.861 0.976 0.999 0.917
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 154. 154. 149. 6.28 18.6 0.504 0.828 0.810 0.956 0.998 0.880
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 154. 154. 149. 6.46 15.1 0.465 0.858 0.840 0.964 0.997 0.900
NorESM2-LM [-] 156. 155. 149. 7.86 18.6 0.458 0.817 0.813 0.964 0.998 0.881
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 147. 146. 149. -0.688 15.0 0.431 0.868 0.826 0.968 0.999 0.897

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
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MODEL COLORS
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Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
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MONTHLY ANOMALY
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ANNUAL CYCLE
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All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
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CanESM5
Data not available
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CESM2
Data not available
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GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
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IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
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MeanCMIP6
Data not available
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MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
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MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
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NorESM2-LM
Data not available
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UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
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Data Information

  Title:
CERES EBAF TOA and Surface Fluxes

  Version:
Ed4.1

  Institutions:
NASA Langley Research Center

  Source:
Monthly mean surface fluxes calculated by a radiative transfer model and constrained by the combined Terra and Aqua SSF1deg measurements

  History:
2019-06-25: downloaded source from https://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/products-info.php?product=EBAF
2019-08-13: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-rsns-ceres.py

  References:
Loeb, N.G., D.R. Doelling, H. Wang, W. Su, C. Nguyen, J.G. Corbett, L. Liang, C. Mitrescu, F.G. Rose, and S. Kato (2018), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) Edition-4.0 Data Product, Journal of Climate, 31(2), 895-918, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0208.1

Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. E. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Su, and S.-H. Ham (2018), Surface irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) data product, Journal of Climate, 31, 4501-4527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1

  Comments:
time_period: 2000-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 1 degree
original_units: W m-2
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: W m-2

  Convention:
CF-1.7