Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 313.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 307. 307. 312. -5.16 13.4 0.122 0.850 0.831 0.992 1.00 0.901
CanESM5 [-] 315. 316. 312. 4.13 18.4 0.194 0.785 0.811 0.986 0.914 0.861
CESM2 [-] 321. 321. 312. 9.45 16.8 0.226 0.799 0.822 0.985 0.999 0.885
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 311. 312. 312. -0.131 13.5 0.0933 0.845 0.841 0.993 0.996 0.903
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 312. 313. 312. 1.99 18.7 0.188 0.789 0.804 0.986 0.921 0.861
MeanCMIP6 [-] 310. 312. 313. -0.548 11.5 0.0863 0.875 0.876 0.994 0.998 0.924
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 322. 322. 312. 9.96 19.6 0.103 0.757 0.826 0.993 0.927 0.866
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 316. 316. 312. 4.39 13.0 0.109 0.845 0.852 0.992 0.998 0.908
NorESM2-LM [-] 320. 320. 312. 8.31 17.6 0.180 0.816 0.794 0.988 0.989 0.876
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 309. 309. 312. -2.53 12.5 0.118 0.865 0.832 0.992 0.992 0.903
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 377.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 376. 375. 377. 2.26 14.0 0.569 0.691 0.737 0.933 0.999 0.819
CanESM5 [-] 374. 374. 377. 1.46 17.4 0.587 0.657 0.716 0.933 0.999 0.804
CESM2 [-] 382. 382. 377. 9.45 16.1 0.630 0.643 0.737 0.935 0.999 0.810
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 380. 380. 377. 2.61 12.6 0.466 0.736 0.729 0.952 0.999 0.829
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 373. 373. 377. 1.37 15.1 0.593 0.686 0.740 0.936 0.999 0.820
MeanCMIP6 [-] 376. 376. 377. 3.02 11.0 0.397 0.722 0.792 0.959 0.999 0.853
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 383. 383. 377. 8.51 18.4 0.534 0.635 0.725 0.940 0.984 0.802
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 376. 376. 377. 3.69 12.5 0.561 0.733 0.738 0.941 1.00 0.830
NorESM2-LM [-] 384. 384. 377. 8.84 17.6 0.664 0.638 0.714 0.933 0.999 0.800
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 376. 376. 377. 3.12 14.0 0.524 0.695 0.738 0.942 0.999 0.822
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 458.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 456. 456. 458. -2.87 12.6 0.579 0.800 0.782 0.943 0.985 0.859
CanESM5 [-] 446. 446. 458. -11.7 18.1 0.673 0.704 0.777 0.927 0.992 0.835
CESM2 [-] 460. 460. 458. 1.87 12.8 0.534 0.770 0.790 0.950 0.998 0.859
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 461. 461. 458. 2.90 12.1 0.499 0.787 0.796 0.958 0.990 0.865
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 451. 451. 458. -7.32 14.4 0.645 0.769 0.770 0.942 0.999 0.850
MeanCMIP6 [-] 455. 455. 458. -3.24 9.25 0.382 0.816 0.831 0.968 1.00 0.889
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 460. 460. 458. 0.979 14.7 0.542 0.770 0.760 0.948 0.994 0.846
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 462. 462. 458. 2.83 12.1 0.485 0.798 0.789 0.958 0.971 0.861
NorESM2-LM [-] 457. 456. 458. -1.37 15.7 0.594 0.736 0.767 0.945 0.999 0.843
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 460. 460. 458. 2.08 13.5 0.454 0.756 0.801 0.959 0.952 0.854
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 381.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 369. 369. 380. -10.4 16.3 0.171 0.806 0.849 0.985 0.971 0.892
CanESM5 [-] 361. 362. 380. -16.4 25.9 0.167 0.735 0.798 0.988 0.877 0.839
CESM2 [-] 386. 387. 380. 6.78 14.7 0.135 0.825 0.858 0.989 0.998 0.906
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 379. 378. 380. -2.15 14.1 0.153 0.829 0.858 0.989 0.978 0.902
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 367. 367. 380. -11.4 21.4 0.315 0.755 0.818 0.975 0.896 0.852
MeanCMIP6 [-] 373. 374. 381. -5.73 11.7 0.0998 0.847 0.875 0.993 0.975 0.913
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 383. 384. 380. 3.95 20.8 0.134 0.765 0.826 0.989 0.909 0.863
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 383. 382. 380. 2.23 14.2 0.177 0.837 0.854 0.986 0.995 0.905
NorESM2-LM [-] 387. 387. 380. 8.27 19.1 0.167 0.789 0.819 0.986 0.978 0.878
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 378. 379. 380. 0.150 15.1 0.149 0.820 0.854 0.987 0.965 0.896
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 368.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 368. 372. 367. 1.63 15.7 0.859 0.508 0.665 0.885 0.973 0.739
CanESM5 [-] 367. 383. 367. 11.1 21.1 0.735 0.469 0.603 0.905 0.958 0.707
CESM2 [-] 378. 382. 367. 12.9 16.9 1.02 0.476 0.691 0.856 0.998 0.742
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 366. 369. 367. 1.41 13.0 1.01 0.576 0.647 0.869 0.995 0.747
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 361. 373. 367. 7.03 18.6 0.830 0.497 0.612 0.894 0.969 0.717
MeanCMIP6 [-] 374. 376. 368. 6.35 12.9 0.735 0.573 0.728 0.908 0.992 0.786
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 371. 384. 367. 14.9 22.3 1.00 0.408 0.643 0.878 0.999 0.714
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 361. 364. 367. 0.366 12.7 0.887 0.565 0.683 0.882 0.993 0.761
NorESM2-LM [-] 378. 384. 367. 13.3 19.2 1.09 0.470 0.660 0.867 0.962 0.724
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 379. 383. 367. 11.5 18.3 0.982 0.514 0.640 0.863 0.974 0.726
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 360.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 361. 361. 360. 2.37 13.8 0.336 0.779 0.778 0.970 0.984 0.858
CanESM5 [-] 367. 365. 360. 7.41 15.6 0.378 0.739 0.795 0.970 0.990 0.858
CESM2 [-] 374. 374. 360. 15.5 19.6 0.536 0.659 0.793 0.959 0.992 0.839
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 357. 358. 360. -1.68 10.7 0.216 0.834 0.814 0.982 1.00 0.889
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 362. 364. 360. 6.04 16.2 0.461 0.751 0.757 0.964 0.990 0.844
MeanCMIP6 [-] 361. 363. 360. 4.04 11.5 0.291 0.821 0.839 0.978 0.993 0.894
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 371. 369. 360. 10.4 17.0 0.269 0.719 0.796 0.978 0.990 0.856
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 360. 360. 360. 2.07 10.8 0.370 0.827 0.819 0.970 0.999 0.887
NorESM2-LM [-] 374. 375. 360. 15.6 20.5 0.616 0.658 0.779 0.954 0.968 0.827
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 361. 361. 360. 3.25 12.9 0.363 0.806 0.785 0.969 0.980 0.865
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 445.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 456. 457. 445. 14.4 16.5 2.16 0.159 0.487 0.664 0.999 0.559
CanESM5 [-] 464. 464. 445. 20.7 23.7 1.81 0.112 0.396 0.723 0.989 0.523
CESM2 [-] 456. 456. 445. 15.1 16.6 1.92 0.113 0.545 0.715 1.00 0.583
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 452. 452. 445. 7.68 11.4 1.77 0.285 0.463 0.742 0.999 0.590
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 453. 454. 445. 12.4 15.4 2.03 0.158 0.577 0.686 0.999 0.599
MeanCMIP6 [-] 454. 455. 445. 12.6 14.1 1.62 0.164 0.586 0.755 0.989 0.616
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 451. 450. 445. 8.29 13.3 2.14 0.229 0.489 0.677 1.00 0.577
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 444. 444. 445. 4.89 10.4 2.06 0.335 0.498 0.681 0.957 0.594
NorESM2-LM [-] 459. 458. 445. 16.6 18.4 1.59 0.113 0.514 0.781 0.996 0.583
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 457. 457. 445. 15.4 17.4 2.05 0.156 0.451 0.686 0.993 0.547
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 445.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 454. 454. 445. 10.3 15.3 1.09 0.419 0.558 0.857 0.971 0.673
CanESM5 [-] 455. 455. 445. 11.1 19.3 1.02 0.419 0.496 0.872 0.861 0.629
CESM2 [-] 461. 460. 445. 16.0 19.1 1.08 0.325 0.553 0.870 0.982 0.657
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 453. 453. 445. 7.64 14.3 0.795 0.526 0.508 0.912 0.958 0.683
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 452. 451. 445. 7.39 13.5 0.913 0.467 0.606 0.888 0.993 0.712
MeanCMIP6 [-] 453. 453. 445. 9.25 12.8 0.711 0.474 0.628 0.921 0.995 0.729
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 446. 447. 445. 3.27 13.8 0.939 0.478 0.591 0.884 0.967 0.702
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 446. 446. 445. 3.40 12.6 0.918 0.532 0.547 0.886 0.950 0.693
NorESM2-LM [-] 459. 459. 445. 15.0 19.4 1.14 0.357 0.524 0.864 0.980 0.650
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 455. 456. 445. 11.6 17.2 0.995 0.433 0.544 0.880 0.902 0.661
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 273.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 272. 272. 273. -0.512 13.4 0.124 0.908 0.828 0.991 0.978 0.907
CanESM5 [-] 273. 273. 273. -0.0680 13.7 0.146 0.878 0.845 0.989 0.995 0.910
CESM2 [-] 281. 281. 273. 7.86 17.3 0.254 0.851 0.812 0.981 0.998 0.891
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 276. 276. 273. 3.51 13.0 0.0823 0.887 0.847 0.993 0.999 0.915
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 278. 278. 273. 5.72 16.4 0.129 0.848 0.826 0.990 0.975 0.893
MeanCMIP6 [-] 272. 273. 273. -0.569 10.1 0.0832 0.922 0.885 0.994 0.997 0.937
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 282. 283. 273. 8.83 16.8 0.0947 0.810 0.857 0.993 0.984 0.900
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 279. 279. 273. 6.22 13.4 0.188 0.874 0.851 0.986 0.998 0.912
NorESM2-LM [-] 279. 280. 273. 6.26 18.3 0.311 0.852 0.797 0.978 0.991 0.883
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 265. 265. 273. -8.45 13.6 0.102 0.846 0.858 0.992 1.00 0.911
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 372.
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 368. 368. 371. -1.24 13.5 0.259 0.812 0.809 0.977 0.984 0.878
CanESM5 [-] 368. 367. 371. -1.55 17.1 0.299 0.776 0.788 0.975 0.943 0.854
CESM2 [-] 382. 382. 371. 11.9 17.9 0.433 0.730 0.810 0.967 0.996 0.863
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 369. 369. 371. -2.13 12.5 0.259 0.827 0.823 0.979 0.991 0.888
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 368. 366. 371. -2.05 17.5 0.497 0.767 0.784 0.961 0.942 0.848
MeanCMIP6 [-] 370. 370. 372. 0.467 11.2 0.226 0.838 0.848 0.982 0.981 0.899
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 380. 378. 371. 8.38 17.4 0.239 0.755 0.805 0.979 0.982 0.865
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 372. 371. 371. 2.01 12.3 0.461 0.832 0.822 0.965 0.998 0.888
NorESM2-LM [-] 384. 383. 371. 14.2 20.2 0.538 0.706 0.787 0.957 0.986 0.844
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 369. 369. 371. -0.0735 13.0 0.260 0.819 0.817 0.976 0.979 0.881

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MEAN
Data not available
Data not available
BIAS
Data not available
Data not available
BIAS SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE
Data not available
Data not available
RMSE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available
BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
MODEL MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
Data not available
SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
Data not available

SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
Data not available
BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CERES EBAF TOA and Surface Fluxes

  Version:
Ed4.1

  Institutions:
NASA Langley Research Center

  Source:
Monthly mean surface fluxes calculated by a radiative transfer model and constrained by the combined Terra and Aqua SSF1deg measurements

  History:
2019-06-25: downloaded source from https://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/products-info.php?product=EBAF
2019-08-13: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-rlus-ceres.py

  References:
Loeb, N.G., D.R. Doelling, H. Wang, W. Su, C. Nguyen, J.G. Corbett, L. Liang, C. Mitrescu, F.G. Rose, and S. Kato (2018), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) Edition-4.0 Data Product, Journal of Climate, 31(2), 895-918, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0208.1

Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. E. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Su, and S.-H. Ham (2018), Surface irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) data product, Journal of Climate, 31, 4501-4527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1

  Comments:
time_period: 2000-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 1 degree
original_units: W m-2
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: W m-2

  Convention:
CF-1.7