Mean State

Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 30.1
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 30.0 30.2 30.0 -0.286 14.3 0.507 0.753 0.608 0.953 0.922 0.769
CanESM5 [-] 40.3 38.0 30.0 7.07 19.8 0.508 0.686 0.563 0.953 0.574 0.668
CESM2 [-] 30.2 30.2 30.0 -0.348 12.7 0.363 0.749 0.648 0.966 0.900 0.782
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 30.4 29.9 30.0 -0.0262 15.3 0.407 0.714 0.617 0.963 0.896 0.762
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 34.2 33.2 30.0 2.54 17.5 0.430 0.724 0.612 0.959 0.580 0.697
MeanCMIP6 [-] 30.0 29.8 30.1 -0.672 10.3 0.299 0.803 0.698 0.973 0.951 0.825
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 30.1 29.0 30.0 -1.43 16.7 0.530 0.694 0.571 0.947 0.921 0.741
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 24.9 25.0 30.0 -5.10 16.4 1.07 0.699 0.554 0.851 0.905 0.713
NorESM2-LM [-] 29.4 29.1 30.0 -1.35 13.3 0.471 0.736 0.632 0.954 0.924 0.775
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 32.5 32.9 30.0 2.43 12.6 0.411 0.729 0.644 0.968 0.977 0.793
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 42.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 42.9 42.9 42.7 -2.90 12.4 1.01 0.582 0.606 0.870 0.986 0.730
CanESM5 [-] 52.2 52.4 42.7 5.48 13.3 0.964 0.530 0.575 0.878 0.987 0.709
CESM2 [-] 47.9 48.0 42.7 1.52 9.46 0.909 0.644 0.626 0.884 0.990 0.754
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 46.0 46.0 42.7 3.28 13.0 0.982 0.543 0.574 0.876 0.981 0.710
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 47.9 48.0 42.7 1.32 11.3 0.925 0.601 0.616 0.882 0.980 0.739
MeanCMIP6 [-] 48.1 48.1 42.7 2.18 8.29 0.800 0.634 0.682 0.900 0.976 0.775
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 39.8 40.0 42.7 -5.11 15.1 1.05 0.564 0.592 0.857 0.924 0.706
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 50.1 50.1 42.7 2.75 12.8 1.03 0.554 0.603 0.861 0.970 0.718
NorESM2-LM [-] 47.4 47.5 42.7 1.54 10.6 0.943 0.612 0.617 0.880 0.989 0.743
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 54.7 54.8 42.7 7.60 13.4 0.853 0.473 0.636 0.893 0.987 0.725
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 62.4
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 53.9 53.8 62.4 -10.5 17.2 0.801 0.412 0.631 0.914 0.725 0.663
CanESM5 [-] 73.2 73.9 62.4 7.61 13.4 0.895 0.450 0.658 0.902 0.987 0.731
CESM2 [-] 67.3 67.5 62.4 2.27 9.75 0.765 0.571 0.677 0.924 0.982 0.766
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 65.7 65.4 62.4 2.95 8.30 0.931 0.628 0.685 0.902 0.996 0.779
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 65.4 66.9 62.4 1.23 9.82 0.759 0.556 0.695 0.926 0.990 0.773
MeanCMIP6 [-] 66.6 66.5 62.4 1.54 6.81 0.619 0.634 0.773 0.943 0.988 0.822
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 58.3 59.0 62.4 -5.66 13.9 0.737 0.452 0.648 0.921 0.945 0.723
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 75.2 75.1 62.4 8.77 12.1 0.684 0.454 0.707 0.932 0.987 0.758
NorESM2-LM [-] 68.5 68.9 62.4 3.50 12.0 0.724 0.512 0.665 0.929 0.964 0.747
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 75.7 76.1 62.4 10.3 14.1 0.576 0.408 0.706 0.944 0.988 0.751
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 43.0
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 41.6 41.3 43.0 -2.24 11.3 1.04 0.624 0.640 0.872 0.978 0.751
CanESM5 [-] 56.8 57.8 43.0 12.0 19.4 1.07 0.443 0.532 0.867 0.624 0.600
CESM2 [-] 45.4 45.2 43.0 1.47 9.86 1.03 0.681 0.659 0.873 0.986 0.772
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 43.5 43.5 43.0 0.443 8.49 0.842 0.703 0.722 0.904 0.913 0.793
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 48.3 48.4 43.0 4.01 13.3 1.08 0.647 0.647 0.868 0.491 0.660
MeanCMIP6 [-] 45.8 45.9 43.0 2.08 7.34 0.861 0.754 0.741 0.898 0.990 0.825
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 43.0 43.2 43.0 -0.681 14.6 1.20 0.572 0.579 0.833 0.785 0.670
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 48.8 48.2 43.0 4.01 10.0 1.09 0.662 0.660 0.858 0.947 0.758
NorESM2-LM [-] 45.8 45.6 43.0 1.64 11.5 1.17 0.652 0.617 0.854 0.973 0.743
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 50.4 50.4 43.0 6.14 11.8 0.961 0.576 0.666 0.879 0.952 0.748
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 18.0
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 23.0 21.5 18.0 -0.275 7.25 1.31 0.551 0.549 0.817 0.955 0.684
CanESM5 [-] 33.4 27.7 18.0 2.82 11.3 1.67 0.467 0.468 0.760 0.629 0.558
CESM2 [-] 22.0 21.6 18.0 -0.616 6.29 1.38 0.615 0.561 0.805 0.966 0.701
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 24.1 23.1 18.0 4.96 9.51 1.47 0.420 0.504 0.798 0.918 0.629
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 22.1 22.4 18.0 0.288 9.59 1.48 0.489 0.505 0.787 0.774 0.612
MeanCMIP6 [-] 23.0 22.7 18.0 0.952 6.01 1.39 0.576 0.601 0.807 0.975 0.712
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 15.6 16.5 18.0 -3.06 7.69 1.53 0.519 0.556 0.788 0.562 0.596
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 23.3 24.2 18.0 2.69 9.04 1.53 0.484 0.477 0.796 0.791 0.605
NorESM2-LM [-] 22.2 21.5 18.0 -0.335 6.41 1.24 0.569 0.570 0.835 0.957 0.700
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 30.2 30.4 18.0 4.56 10.6 1.29 0.423 0.544 0.825 0.885 0.644
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 22.8
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 23.3 23.5 22.8 -0.637 7.67 1.16 0.656 0.628 0.839 0.980 0.747
CanESM5 [-] 27.2 28.6 22.8 3.39 8.71 1.00 0.623 0.624 0.874 0.768 0.702
CESM2 [-] 25.9 26.0 22.8 1.43 6.76 0.945 0.692 0.642 0.877 0.960 0.763
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 29.8 29.9 22.8 7.10 10.3 1.05 0.504 0.586 0.870 0.965 0.702
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 26.4 26.6 22.8 1.61 8.00 1.01 0.665 0.631 0.865 0.847 0.728
MeanCMIP6 [-] 26.3 26.3 22.8 1.90 5.78 0.749 0.716 0.713 0.908 0.990 0.808
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 22.7 23.2 22.8 -0.762 7.55 1.05 0.675 0.611 0.859 0.964 0.744
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 23.5 23.5 22.8 -0.461 9.22 1.60 0.668 0.564 0.756 0.972 0.705
NorESM2-LM [-] 25.3 25.9 22.8 1.24 7.19 1.02 0.672 0.639 0.869 0.975 0.759
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 34.8 35.0 22.8 9.38 12.4 0.870 0.439 0.597 0.893 0.854 0.676
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 22.5
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 28.4 28.5 22.6 3.47 6.27 2.27 0.296 0.443 0.651 0.889 0.544
CanESM5 [-] 26.4 26.7 22.6 1.14 5.90 1.99 0.306 0.424 0.702 0.891 0.549
CESM2 [-] 25.4 25.3 22.6 0.318 4.18 2.01 0.446 0.478 0.696 0.976 0.615
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 28.1 27.9 22.6 5.31 7.36 2.18 0.273 0.361 0.667 0.795 0.491
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 24.7 25.0 22.6 0.194 6.27 2.43 0.276 0.395 0.607 0.915 0.518
MeanCMIP6 [-] 27.5 27.4 22.5 2.61 4.48 1.97 0.383 0.504 0.703 0.972 0.613
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 19.6 19.6 22.6 -4.15 5.89 2.49 0.271 0.487 0.604 0.867 0.543
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 31.6 31.5 22.6 5.27 7.78 2.09 0.260 0.415 0.687 0.718 0.499
NorESM2-LM [-] 26.1 26.0 22.6 1.19 4.29 2.06 0.414 0.492 0.682 0.978 0.612
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 38.4 38.7 22.6 11.5 12.9 2.34 0.121 0.411 0.631 0.605 0.436
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 26.8
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 31.4 31.4 26.8 2.63 6.55 1.68 0.431 0.461 0.761 0.987 0.620
CanESM5 [-] 34.3 34.6 26.8 4.84 8.84 1.58 0.326 0.388 0.775 0.864 0.548
CESM2 [-] 30.9 30.9 26.8 1.87 5.98 1.61 0.496 0.432 0.771 0.983 0.623
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 36.6 36.3 26.8 9.44 12.3 1.68 0.219 0.301 0.763 0.839 0.485
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 31.0 31.4 26.8 2.18 6.65 1.59 0.420 0.439 0.775 0.984 0.611
MeanCMIP6 [-] 33.4 33.4 26.8 4.44 6.38 1.52 0.383 0.490 0.788 0.990 0.628
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 26.4 26.5 26.8 -1.85 6.23 1.83 0.432 0.482 0.725 0.986 0.622
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 37.2 37.2 26.8 6.95 9.55 1.50 0.275 0.452 0.790 0.837 0.561
NorESM2-LM [-] 30.6 30.6 26.8 1.57 6.14 1.60 0.465 0.459 0.776 0.985 0.629
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 42.9 43.1 26.8 12.6 13.9 1.47 0.149 0.508 0.794 0.829 0.558
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 48.8
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 42.3 42.3 48.6 -6.54 22.6 0.442 0.834 0.666 0.969 0.989 0.825
CanESM5 [-] 54.6 53.1 48.6 4.73 21.7 0.453 0.838 0.673 0.969 0.988 0.828
CESM2 [-] 47.8 47.7 48.6 -1.14 16.7 0.252 0.851 0.751 0.982 0.988 0.865
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 35.1 35.1 48.6 -13.5 29.2 0.284 0.745 0.609 0.980 0.952 0.779
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 41.8 42.0 48.6 -5.99 23.1 0.315 0.792 0.679 0.978 0.937 0.813
MeanCMIP6 [-] 41.5 41.4 48.8 -7.19 16.4 0.215 0.844 0.750 0.986 0.988 0.863
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 40.0 38.8 48.6 -9.30 23.3 0.252 0.812 0.698 0.983 0.817 0.802
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 38.5 38.5 48.6 -10.1 25.3 0.316 0.764 0.650 0.976 0.933 0.795
NorESM2-LM [-] 47.5 47.5 48.6 -1.15 19.0 0.302 0.835 0.724 0.979 0.988 0.850
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 50.4 50.5 48.6 2.04 18.2 0.350 0.833 0.716 0.977 0.989 0.846
Download Data
Period Mean (original grids) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (intersection) [W m-2]
Model Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Benchmark Period Mean (complement) [W m-2]
Bias [W m-2]
RMSE [W m-2]
Phase Shift [months]
Bias Score [1]
RMSE Score [1]
Seasonal Cycle Score [1]
Spatial Distribution Score [1]
Overall Score [1]
Benchmark [-] 31.7
BCC-CSM2-MR [-] 31.3 31.2 31.7 -1.77 9.37 1.08 0.644 0.633 0.853 0.960 0.745
CanESM5 [-] 41.6 44.4 31.7 9.90 15.7 1.00 0.488 0.545 0.871 0.582 0.606
CESM2 [-] 35.9 35.9 31.7 2.74 9.12 1.02 0.670 0.618 0.872 0.976 0.751
GFDL-ESM4 [-] 37.0 37.0 31.7 5.32 11.4 1.09 0.559 0.619 0.861 0.906 0.713
IPSL-CM6A-LR [-] 36.8 37.6 31.7 3.53 11.6 0.931 0.646 0.631 0.884 0.624 0.683
MeanCMIP6 [-] 36.0 36.2 31.7 2.97 7.49 0.803 0.699 0.709 0.901 0.967 0.797
MIROC-ESM2L [-] 29.4 31.3 31.7 -1.52 10.6 1.21 0.617 0.615 0.829 0.950 0.725
MPI-ESM1.2-HR [-] 35.4 35.2 31.7 1.83 10.5 1.27 0.670 0.571 0.818 0.974 0.721
NorESM2-LM [-] 35.9 35.7 31.7 2.40 9.67 1.09 0.652 0.603 0.858 0.986 0.740
UKESM1-0-LL [-] 44.1 43.9 31.7 9.84 13.7 1.00 0.449 0.610 0.871 0.968 0.702

Temporally integrated period mean

BENCHMARK MEAN
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MODEL MEAN
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BIAS
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BIAS SCORE
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RMSE
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RMSE SCORE
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BENCHMARK MAX MONTH
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MODEL MAX MONTH
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DIFFERENCE IN MAX MONTH
Data not available
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SEASONAL CYCLE SCORE
Data not available
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SPATIAL TAYLOR DIAGRAM
Data not available
MODEL COLORS
Data not available

Spatially integrated regional mean

MODEL COLORS
Data not available
REGIONAL MEAN
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available
MONTHLY ANOMALY
Data not available
ANNUAL CYCLE
Data not available

All Models

Benchmark
Data not available
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BCC-CSM2-MR
Data not available
Data not available
CanESM5
Data not available
Data not available
CESM2
Data not available
Data not available
GFDL-ESM4
Data not available
Data not available
IPSL-CM6A-LR
Data not available
Data not available
MeanCMIP6
Data not available
Data not available
MIROC-ESM2L
Data not available
Data not available
MPI-ESM1.2-HR
Data not available
Data not available
NorESM2-LM
Data not available
Data not available
UKESM1-0-LL
Data not available
Data not available

Data Information

  Title:
CERES EBAF TOA and Surface Fluxes

  Version:
Ed4.1

  Institutions:
NASA Langley Research Center

  Source:
Monthly mean surface fluxes calculated by a radiative transfer model and constrained by the combined Terra and Aqua SSF1deg measurements

  History:
2019-06-25: downloaded source from https://ceres.larc.nasa.gov/products-info.php?product=EBAF
2019-08-13: converted to netCDF with https://github.com/mmu2019/Datasets/blob/master/read-rsus-ceres.py

  References:
Loeb, N.G., D.R. Doelling, H. Wang, W. Su, C. Nguyen, J.G. Corbett, L. Liang, C. Mitrescu, F.G. Rose, and S. Kato (2018), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Top-of-Atmosphere (TOA) Edition-4.0 Data Product, Journal of Climate, 31(2), 895-918, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0208.1

Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. E. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Su, and S.-H. Ham (2018), Surface irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) data product, Journal of Climate, 31, 4501-4527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1

  Comments:
time_period: 2000-01 through 2018-12
original_temporal_resolution: monthly
original_spatial_resolution: 1 degree
original_units: W m-2
final_temporal_resolution: monthly
final_spatial_resolution: 0.5 degree
final_units: W m-2

  Convention:
CF-1.7